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Flight behavior of foraging and overwintering brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).

Lee DH, Leskey TC - Bull. Entomol. Res. (2015)

Bottom Line: The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by the wind speed; when provided with still air conditions, 83% of individuals took off, but the rates decreased to <10% when wind speed was increased to or above 0.75 m s-1.The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by ambient temperature and light intensity in the field, whereas relative humidity and insect sex did not.The implications of H. halys flight biology are discussed in the context of developing monitoring and management programs for this invasive species.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences,Gachon University,1342 Seongnamdaero,Sujeong-gu,Seongnam-si,Gyeonggi-do,Korea.

ABSTRACT
Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is a highly polyphagous invasive species attacking both cultivated and wild plants increasing its threat to ecosystems as a global pest. However, dispersal biology of this invasive species is not well understood. This study evaluated the flight capacity and behavior of H. halys under laboratory, semi-field, and field conditions. Flight mills were used to measure the baseline flight capacity of adults collected year round from the field and included both foraging and overwintering populations. The effects of abiotic conditions such as wind speed and temperatures on the free flight parameters of H. halys were evaluated under semi-field and field conditions. The mean flight distances over a 22-h period were 2442 and 2083 m for male and female, respectively. Most individuals (89%) flew <5 km, though some flew much further with a maximum flight distance observed of 117 km. Flight distances by H. halys increased after emergence from overwintering sites in spring and reached their highest point in June. The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by the wind speed; when provided with still air conditions, 83% of individuals took off, but the rates decreased to <10% when wind speed was increased to or above 0.75 m s-1. The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by ambient temperature and light intensity in the field, whereas relative humidity and insect sex did not. When the temperature was at 10-15°C, 3% of individuals took off, but the proportion of H. halys taking flight increased to 61, 84, and 87% at 15-20, 20-25, and 25-30°C, respectively. In the field, prevailing flight direction was biased toward the opposite direction of the sun's position, especially in the morning. The implications of H. halys flight biology are discussed in the context of developing monitoring and management programs for this invasive species.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean flight distance by Halyomorpha halys (±SE) measured on flight mills from Aug 2012 through Aug 2013. Means followed by different letters were significantly different (P < 0.05).
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fig02: Mean flight distance by Halyomorpha halys (±SE) measured on flight mills from Aug 2012 through Aug 2013. Means followed by different letters were significantly different (P < 0.05).

Mentions: The timing of H. halys collections significantly affected the mean flight distance by the insects along the Gregorian calendar (χ2 = 611, 648, P < 0.0001) (fig. 2). The flight distances remained at relatively constant levels between August and October 2012 from which foraging F1 and F2 generation H. halys were collected from host plants. Overwintering H. halys yielded similar levels of flight distances through January, but flight distance by overwintering populations reached the lowest points in February through March. Flight distances sharply increased in May through June as foraging adults were collected in the field. Then, the flight distances decreased to the similar levels of those measured in August of the previous year.Fig. 2.


Flight behavior of foraging and overwintering brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).

Lee DH, Leskey TC - Bull. Entomol. Res. (2015)

Mean flight distance by Halyomorpha halys (±SE) measured on flight mills from Aug 2012 through Aug 2013. Means followed by different letters were significantly different (P < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4594055&req=5

fig02: Mean flight distance by Halyomorpha halys (±SE) measured on flight mills from Aug 2012 through Aug 2013. Means followed by different letters were significantly different (P < 0.05).
Mentions: The timing of H. halys collections significantly affected the mean flight distance by the insects along the Gregorian calendar (χ2 = 611, 648, P < 0.0001) (fig. 2). The flight distances remained at relatively constant levels between August and October 2012 from which foraging F1 and F2 generation H. halys were collected from host plants. Overwintering H. halys yielded similar levels of flight distances through January, but flight distance by overwintering populations reached the lowest points in February through March. Flight distances sharply increased in May through June as foraging adults were collected in the field. Then, the flight distances decreased to the similar levels of those measured in August of the previous year.Fig. 2.

Bottom Line: The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by the wind speed; when provided with still air conditions, 83% of individuals took off, but the rates decreased to <10% when wind speed was increased to or above 0.75 m s-1.The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by ambient temperature and light intensity in the field, whereas relative humidity and insect sex did not.The implications of H. halys flight biology are discussed in the context of developing monitoring and management programs for this invasive species.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences,Gachon University,1342 Seongnamdaero,Sujeong-gu,Seongnam-si,Gyeonggi-do,Korea.

ABSTRACT
Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is a highly polyphagous invasive species attacking both cultivated and wild plants increasing its threat to ecosystems as a global pest. However, dispersal biology of this invasive species is not well understood. This study evaluated the flight capacity and behavior of H. halys under laboratory, semi-field, and field conditions. Flight mills were used to measure the baseline flight capacity of adults collected year round from the field and included both foraging and overwintering populations. The effects of abiotic conditions such as wind speed and temperatures on the free flight parameters of H. halys were evaluated under semi-field and field conditions. The mean flight distances over a 22-h period were 2442 and 2083 m for male and female, respectively. Most individuals (89%) flew <5 km, though some flew much further with a maximum flight distance observed of 117 km. Flight distances by H. halys increased after emergence from overwintering sites in spring and reached their highest point in June. The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by the wind speed; when provided with still air conditions, 83% of individuals took off, but the rates decreased to <10% when wind speed was increased to or above 0.75 m s-1. The incidence of take off by H. halys was significantly affected by ambient temperature and light intensity in the field, whereas relative humidity and insect sex did not. When the temperature was at 10-15°C, 3% of individuals took off, but the proportion of H. halys taking flight increased to 61, 84, and 87% at 15-20, 20-25, and 25-30°C, respectively. In the field, prevailing flight direction was biased toward the opposite direction of the sun's position, especially in the morning. The implications of H. halys flight biology are discussed in the context of developing monitoring and management programs for this invasive species.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus