Limits...
Perceived legitimacy of normative expectations motivates compliance with social norms when nobody is watching.

Andrighetto G, Grieco D, Tummolini L - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Though all play a role, only the desire to meet others' expectations can sustain compliance when neither public nor private monitoring is possible.Moreover it is unclear whether this desire ranges over others' "empirical" or "normative" expectations.Results indicate that, when nobody can assign either material or immaterial sanctions, the perceived legitimacy of others' normative expectations can motivate a significant number of people to comply with costly social norms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, Italian National Research Council Rome, Italy ; Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies, European University Institute Fiesole, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Three main motivations can explain compliance with social norms: fear of peer punishment, the desire for others' esteem and the desire to meet others' expectations. Though all play a role, only the desire to meet others' expectations can sustain compliance when neither public nor private monitoring is possible. Theoretical models have shown that such desire can indeed sustain social norms, but empirical evidence is lacking. Moreover it is unclear whether this desire ranges over others' "empirical" or "normative" expectations. We propose a new experimental design to isolate this motivation and to investigate what kind of expectations people are inclined to meet. Results indicate that, when nobody can assign either material or immaterial sanctions, the perceived legitimacy of others' normative expectations can motivate a significant number of people to comply with costly social norms.

No MeSH data available.


Bs' normative expectations on As and second-order empirical expectations on As.
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Figure 8: Bs' normative expectations on As and second-order empirical expectations on As.

Mentions: Bs' second-order normative expectations and Bs' second-order empirical expectations on As are characterized by similar results, summarized in Figure 8. Figure 9 summarizes the average level of Bs empirical expectations on other Bs, their guesses about one another's expectations (second-order empirical expectations) and Bs' personal normative beliefs.


Perceived legitimacy of normative expectations motivates compliance with social norms when nobody is watching.

Andrighetto G, Grieco D, Tummolini L - Front Psychol (2015)

Bs' normative expectations on As and second-order empirical expectations on As.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4593938&req=5

Figure 8: Bs' normative expectations on As and second-order empirical expectations on As.
Mentions: Bs' second-order normative expectations and Bs' second-order empirical expectations on As are characterized by similar results, summarized in Figure 8. Figure 9 summarizes the average level of Bs empirical expectations on other Bs, their guesses about one another's expectations (second-order empirical expectations) and Bs' personal normative beliefs.

Bottom Line: Though all play a role, only the desire to meet others' expectations can sustain compliance when neither public nor private monitoring is possible.Moreover it is unclear whether this desire ranges over others' "empirical" or "normative" expectations.Results indicate that, when nobody can assign either material or immaterial sanctions, the perceived legitimacy of others' normative expectations can motivate a significant number of people to comply with costly social norms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, Italian National Research Council Rome, Italy ; Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies, European University Institute Fiesole, Italy.

ABSTRACT
Three main motivations can explain compliance with social norms: fear of peer punishment, the desire for others' esteem and the desire to meet others' expectations. Though all play a role, only the desire to meet others' expectations can sustain compliance when neither public nor private monitoring is possible. Theoretical models have shown that such desire can indeed sustain social norms, but empirical evidence is lacking. Moreover it is unclear whether this desire ranges over others' "empirical" or "normative" expectations. We propose a new experimental design to isolate this motivation and to investigate what kind of expectations people are inclined to meet. Results indicate that, when nobody can assign either material or immaterial sanctions, the perceived legitimacy of others' normative expectations can motivate a significant number of people to comply with costly social norms.

No MeSH data available.