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Spatiotemporal Patterns of Schistosomiasis-Related Deaths, Brazil, 2000-2011.

Martins-Melo FR, Pinheiro MC, Ramos AN, Alencar CH, Bezerra FS, Heukelbach J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2015)

Bottom Line: We analyzed spatiotemporal patterns of 8,756 schistosomiasis-related deaths in Brazil during 2000-2011 and identified high-risk clusters of deaths, mainly in highly schistosomiasis-endemic areas along the coast of Brazil's Northeast Region.Schistosomiasis remains a neglected public health problem with a high number of deaths in disease-endemic and emerging focal areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
We analyzed spatiotemporal patterns of 8,756 schistosomiasis-related deaths in Brazil during 2000-2011 and identified high-risk clusters of deaths, mainly in highly schistosomiasis-endemic areas along the coast of Brazil's Northeast Region. Schistosomiasis remains a neglected public health problem with a high number of deaths in disease-endemic and emerging focal areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Spatial distribution of average annual crude (A) and Bayesian-smoothed (B) rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths, by municipality of residence, Brazil, 2000–2011. Empirical Bayesian smoothing estimates of rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths were performed by using TerraView software version 4.2 (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São Paulo, Brazil). Data were mapped by using ArcGIS software version 9.3 (Esri, Redlands, CA, USA). In 2010, Brazil was divided into 5 geographic regions (South, Southeast, Central-West, North, and Northeast), 27 Federal Units (26 states and 1 Federal District), and 5,565 municipalities.
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Figure 1: Spatial distribution of average annual crude (A) and Bayesian-smoothed (B) rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths, by municipality of residence, Brazil, 2000–2011. Empirical Bayesian smoothing estimates of rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths were performed by using TerraView software version 4.2 (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São Paulo, Brazil). Data were mapped by using ArcGIS software version 9.3 (Esri, Redlands, CA, USA). In 2010, Brazil was divided into 5 geographic regions (South, Southeast, Central-West, North, and Northeast), 27 Federal Units (26 states and 1 Federal District), and 5,565 municipalities.

Mentions: A total of 12,491,280 deaths were recorded in Brazil for 2000–2011. Schistosomiasis was identified in 8,756 deaths (0.07%), as an underlying cause in 6,319 (72.2%) and as an associated cause in 2,437 (27.8%) deaths. The nationwide average annual crude rate of death atttibuted to schistosomiasis (for underlying and associated causes) was 0.39 deaths (95% CI 0.37–0.42) per 100,000 inhabitants. Of 5,565 municipalities, ≈1,225 (≈22%) recorded >1 schistosomiasis-related death. Spatial distribution of average annual crude and smoothed death rates at the municipal level showed a concentration of municipalities with higher death rates (>1.0 death/100,000 inhabitants) along the east coast of Brazil’s Northeast Region, extending to the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo (Figure 1, panels A, B).


Spatiotemporal Patterns of Schistosomiasis-Related Deaths, Brazil, 2000-2011.

Martins-Melo FR, Pinheiro MC, Ramos AN, Alencar CH, Bezerra FS, Heukelbach J - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2015)

Spatial distribution of average annual crude (A) and Bayesian-smoothed (B) rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths, by municipality of residence, Brazil, 2000–2011. Empirical Bayesian smoothing estimates of rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths were performed by using TerraView software version 4.2 (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São Paulo, Brazil). Data were mapped by using ArcGIS software version 9.3 (Esri, Redlands, CA, USA). In 2010, Brazil was divided into 5 geographic regions (South, Southeast, Central-West, North, and Northeast), 27 Federal Units (26 states and 1 Federal District), and 5,565 municipalities.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4593422&req=5

Figure 1: Spatial distribution of average annual crude (A) and Bayesian-smoothed (B) rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths, by municipality of residence, Brazil, 2000–2011. Empirical Bayesian smoothing estimates of rates of schistosomiasis-related deaths were performed by using TerraView software version 4.2 (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São Paulo, Brazil). Data were mapped by using ArcGIS software version 9.3 (Esri, Redlands, CA, USA). In 2010, Brazil was divided into 5 geographic regions (South, Southeast, Central-West, North, and Northeast), 27 Federal Units (26 states and 1 Federal District), and 5,565 municipalities.
Mentions: A total of 12,491,280 deaths were recorded in Brazil for 2000–2011. Schistosomiasis was identified in 8,756 deaths (0.07%), as an underlying cause in 6,319 (72.2%) and as an associated cause in 2,437 (27.8%) deaths. The nationwide average annual crude rate of death atttibuted to schistosomiasis (for underlying and associated causes) was 0.39 deaths (95% CI 0.37–0.42) per 100,000 inhabitants. Of 5,565 municipalities, ≈1,225 (≈22%) recorded >1 schistosomiasis-related death. Spatial distribution of average annual crude and smoothed death rates at the municipal level showed a concentration of municipalities with higher death rates (>1.0 death/100,000 inhabitants) along the east coast of Brazil’s Northeast Region, extending to the states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo (Figure 1, panels A, B).

Bottom Line: We analyzed spatiotemporal patterns of 8,756 schistosomiasis-related deaths in Brazil during 2000-2011 and identified high-risk clusters of deaths, mainly in highly schistosomiasis-endemic areas along the coast of Brazil's Northeast Region.Schistosomiasis remains a neglected public health problem with a high number of deaths in disease-endemic and emerging focal areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
We analyzed spatiotemporal patterns of 8,756 schistosomiasis-related deaths in Brazil during 2000-2011 and identified high-risk clusters of deaths, mainly in highly schistosomiasis-endemic areas along the coast of Brazil's Northeast Region. Schistosomiasis remains a neglected public health problem with a high number of deaths in disease-endemic and emerging focal areas.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus