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Comparison between a clinical diagnosis method and the surveillance technique of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention for identification of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Waltrick R, Possamai DS, de Aguiar FP, Dadam M, de Souza Filho VJ, Ramos LR, Laurett Rda S, Fujiwara K, Caldeira Filho M, Koenig Á, Westphal GA - Rev Bras Ter Intensiva (2015 Jul-Sep)

Bottom Line: A total of 18 (10.7%) cases of mechanical ventilation-associated infectious conditions were identified, 14 (8.3%) of which exhibited possible or probable mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, which represented 35% (14/38) of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases.The differences resulted in discrepancies in the mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence density (CDC, 5.2/1000 days of mechanical ventilation; clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7, 13.1/1000 days of mechanical ventilation).The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method failed to detect mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases and may not be satisfactory as a surveillance method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Programa de Residência em Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Municipal São José, Joinville, SC, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: >To evaluate the agreement between a new epidemiological surveillance method of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the clinical pulmonary infection score for mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia detection.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that evaluated patients in the intensive care units of two hospitals who were intubated for more than 48 hours between August 2013 and June 2014. Patients were evaluated daily by physical therapist using the clinical pulmonary infection score. A nurse independently applied the new surveillance method proposed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The diagnostic agreement between the methods was evaluated. A clinical pulmonary infection score of ≥ 7 indicated a clinical diagnosis of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, and the association of a clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7 with an isolated semiquantitative culture consisting of ≥ 104 colony-forming units indicated a definitive diagnosis.

Results: Of the 801 patients admitted to the intensive care units, 198 required mechanical ventilation. Of these, 168 were intubated for more than 48 hours. A total of 18 (10.7%) cases of mechanical ventilation-associated infectious conditions were identified, 14 (8.3%) of which exhibited possible or probable mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, which represented 35% (14/38) of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method identified cases of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia with a sensitivity of 0.37, specificity of 1.0, positive predictive value of 1.0, and negative predictive value of 0.84. The differences resulted in discrepancies in the mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence density (CDC, 5.2/1000 days of mechanical ventilation; clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7, 13.1/1000 days of mechanical ventilation).

Conclusion: The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method failed to detect mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases and may not be satisfactory as a surveillance method.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart of patient inclusion over the course of the study.ICU - intensive care unit; MV - mechanical ventilation. CPIS - clinical pulmonaryinfection score; VAP - mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia; iVAC -infection-related ventilator-associated complications.
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f01: Flowchart of patient inclusion over the course of the study.ICU - intensive care unit; MV - mechanical ventilation. CPIS - clinical pulmonaryinfection score; VAP - mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia; iVAC -infection-related ventilator-associated complications.

Mentions: A total of 38 clinical diagnoses of VAP were obtained using the CPIS, resulting in a VAPincidence density of 13.1/1000 MV days. The NHSN/CDC 2013 surveillance method identified14 VAP cases, corresponding to a VAP incidence density of 5.2/1000 MV days. All cases ofVAP identified by the NHSN/CDC 2013 method had a CPIS of ≥ 7. The patientinclusion flowchart is shown in figure 1.


Comparison between a clinical diagnosis method and the surveillance technique of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention for identification of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Waltrick R, Possamai DS, de Aguiar FP, Dadam M, de Souza Filho VJ, Ramos LR, Laurett Rda S, Fujiwara K, Caldeira Filho M, Koenig Á, Westphal GA - Rev Bras Ter Intensiva (2015 Jul-Sep)

Flowchart of patient inclusion over the course of the study.ICU - intensive care unit; MV - mechanical ventilation. CPIS - clinical pulmonaryinfection score; VAP - mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia; iVAC -infection-related ventilator-associated complications.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4592121&req=5

f01: Flowchart of patient inclusion over the course of the study.ICU - intensive care unit; MV - mechanical ventilation. CPIS - clinical pulmonaryinfection score; VAP - mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia; iVAC -infection-related ventilator-associated complications.
Mentions: A total of 38 clinical diagnoses of VAP were obtained using the CPIS, resulting in a VAPincidence density of 13.1/1000 MV days. The NHSN/CDC 2013 surveillance method identified14 VAP cases, corresponding to a VAP incidence density of 5.2/1000 MV days. All cases ofVAP identified by the NHSN/CDC 2013 method had a CPIS of ≥ 7. The patientinclusion flowchart is shown in figure 1.

Bottom Line: A total of 18 (10.7%) cases of mechanical ventilation-associated infectious conditions were identified, 14 (8.3%) of which exhibited possible or probable mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, which represented 35% (14/38) of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases.The differences resulted in discrepancies in the mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence density (CDC, 5.2/1000 days of mechanical ventilation; clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7, 13.1/1000 days of mechanical ventilation).The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method failed to detect mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases and may not be satisfactory as a surveillance method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Programa de Residência em Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Municipal São José, Joinville, SC, BR.

ABSTRACT

Objective: >To evaluate the agreement between a new epidemiological surveillance method of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the clinical pulmonary infection score for mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia detection.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that evaluated patients in the intensive care units of two hospitals who were intubated for more than 48 hours between August 2013 and June 2014. Patients were evaluated daily by physical therapist using the clinical pulmonary infection score. A nurse independently applied the new surveillance method proposed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The diagnostic agreement between the methods was evaluated. A clinical pulmonary infection score of ≥ 7 indicated a clinical diagnosis of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, and the association of a clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7 with an isolated semiquantitative culture consisting of ≥ 104 colony-forming units indicated a definitive diagnosis.

Results: Of the 801 patients admitted to the intensive care units, 198 required mechanical ventilation. Of these, 168 were intubated for more than 48 hours. A total of 18 (10.7%) cases of mechanical ventilation-associated infectious conditions were identified, 14 (8.3%) of which exhibited possible or probable mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia, which represented 35% (14/38) of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method identified cases of mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia with a sensitivity of 0.37, specificity of 1.0, positive predictive value of 1.0, and negative predictive value of 0.84. The differences resulted in discrepancies in the mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence density (CDC, 5.2/1000 days of mechanical ventilation; clinical pulmonary infection score ≥ 7, 13.1/1000 days of mechanical ventilation).

Conclusion: The Center for Disease Control and Prevention method failed to detect mechanical ventilator-associated pneumonia cases and may not be satisfactory as a surveillance method.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus