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Redescriptions of Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) and N. garwoodi González-Escalante & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003 and description of N. confusa sp. n. (Annelida, Nereididae).

Conde-Vela VM, Salazar-Vallejo SI - Zookeys (2015)

Bottom Line: Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) was described from the Gulf of Mexico, but it has been considered a junior synonym of Nereis occidentalis Hartman, 1945, or regarded as a distinct species with an amphiamerican distribution.In order to clarify these uncertainties, Nereis oligohalina is redescribed based on specimens from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico, including a proposed neotype; further, Nereis garwoodi is redescribed including the selection of lectotype and paralectotypes, and Nereis confusa sp. n. is described with material from the Gulf of California.A key for the identification of similar species and some comments about speciation in nereidid polychaetes are also included.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, CONACYT, Departamento de Sistemática y Ecología Acuática, Chetumal, México.

ABSTRACT
Type material of several polychaete species described by Enrique Rioja from Mexican coasts are lost, and the current status of some species is doubtful. Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) was described from the Gulf of Mexico, but it has been considered a junior synonym of Nereis occidentalis Hartman, 1945, or regarded as a distinct species with an amphiamerican distribution. On the other hand, Nereis garwoodi González-Escalante & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003, described from Chetumal Bay, Caribbean coasts, could be confused with Nereis oligohalina. In order to clarify these uncertainties, Nereis oligohalina is redescribed based on specimens from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico, including a proposed neotype; further, Nereis garwoodi is redescribed including the selection of lectotype and paralectotypes, and Nereis confusa sp. n. is described with material from the Gulf of California. A key for the identification of similar species and some comments about speciation in nereidid polychaetes are also included.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Nereisgarwoodi. Lectotype female A–B, D–P (ECOSUR 0065); paralectotype C (ECOSUR 0066). A Anterior end, dorsal view B Posterior end, dorsal view C Notopodial homogomph falciger, parapodium 75 D Parapodium 2, anterior view E Parapodium 9, anterior view F Parapodium 28 G Parapodium 56, anterior view H Parapodium 80, anterior view I Left jaw, dorsal view J Supra-acicular homogomph spiniger, parapodium 80 K Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same L Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 56 M Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 80 N Sub-acicular heterogomph falciger, from same O Supra-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same P Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same. Scale bars: 1 mm (A–B, I); 50 μm (C, J–N); 0.1 mm (D–H); 0.3 mm (O–P).
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Figure 3: Nereisgarwoodi. Lectotype female A–B, D–P (ECOSUR 0065); paralectotype C (ECOSUR 0066). A Anterior end, dorsal view B Posterior end, dorsal view C Notopodial homogomph falciger, parapodium 75 D Parapodium 2, anterior view E Parapodium 9, anterior view F Parapodium 28 G Parapodium 56, anterior view H Parapodium 80, anterior view I Left jaw, dorsal view J Supra-acicular homogomph spiniger, parapodium 80 K Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same L Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 56 M Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 80 N Sub-acicular heterogomph falciger, from same O Supra-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same P Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same. Scale bars: 1 mm (A–B, I); 50 μm (C, J–N); 0.1 mm (D–H); 0.3 mm (O–P).

Mentions: Figures 3, 4, 6B, E, M, I, R


Redescriptions of Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) and N. garwoodi González-Escalante & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003 and description of N. confusa sp. n. (Annelida, Nereididae).

Conde-Vela VM, Salazar-Vallejo SI - Zookeys (2015)

Nereisgarwoodi. Lectotype female A–B, D–P (ECOSUR 0065); paralectotype C (ECOSUR 0066). A Anterior end, dorsal view B Posterior end, dorsal view C Notopodial homogomph falciger, parapodium 75 D Parapodium 2, anterior view E Parapodium 9, anterior view F Parapodium 28 G Parapodium 56, anterior view H Parapodium 80, anterior view I Left jaw, dorsal view J Supra-acicular homogomph spiniger, parapodium 80 K Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same L Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 56 M Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 80 N Sub-acicular heterogomph falciger, from same O Supra-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same P Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same. Scale bars: 1 mm (A–B, I); 50 μm (C, J–N); 0.1 mm (D–H); 0.3 mm (O–P).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4591595&req=5

Figure 3: Nereisgarwoodi. Lectotype female A–B, D–P (ECOSUR 0065); paralectotype C (ECOSUR 0066). A Anterior end, dorsal view B Posterior end, dorsal view C Notopodial homogomph falciger, parapodium 75 D Parapodium 2, anterior view E Parapodium 9, anterior view F Parapodium 28 G Parapodium 56, anterior view H Parapodium 80, anterior view I Left jaw, dorsal view J Supra-acicular homogomph spiniger, parapodium 80 K Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same L Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 56 M Supra-acicular heterogomph falciger, parapodium 80 N Sub-acicular heterogomph falciger, from same O Supra-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same P Sub-acicular heterogomph spiniger, from same. Scale bars: 1 mm (A–B, I); 50 μm (C, J–N); 0.1 mm (D–H); 0.3 mm (O–P).
Mentions: Figures 3, 4, 6B, E, M, I, R

Bottom Line: Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) was described from the Gulf of Mexico, but it has been considered a junior synonym of Nereis occidentalis Hartman, 1945, or regarded as a distinct species with an amphiamerican distribution.In order to clarify these uncertainties, Nereis oligohalina is redescribed based on specimens from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico, including a proposed neotype; further, Nereis garwoodi is redescribed including the selection of lectotype and paralectotypes, and Nereis confusa sp. n. is described with material from the Gulf of California.A key for the identification of similar species and some comments about speciation in nereidid polychaetes are also included.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, CONACYT, Departamento de Sistemática y Ecología Acuática, Chetumal, México.

ABSTRACT
Type material of several polychaete species described by Enrique Rioja from Mexican coasts are lost, and the current status of some species is doubtful. Nereis oligohalina (Rioja, 1946) was described from the Gulf of Mexico, but it has been considered a junior synonym of Nereis occidentalis Hartman, 1945, or regarded as a distinct species with an amphiamerican distribution. On the other hand, Nereis garwoodi González-Escalante & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003, described from Chetumal Bay, Caribbean coasts, could be confused with Nereis oligohalina. In order to clarify these uncertainties, Nereis oligohalina is redescribed based on specimens from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico, including a proposed neotype; further, Nereis garwoodi is redescribed including the selection of lectotype and paralectotypes, and Nereis confusa sp. n. is described with material from the Gulf of California. A key for the identification of similar species and some comments about speciation in nereidid polychaetes are also included.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus