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Untreated Isolated Sytolic Hypertension among Middle-Aged and Old Adults in the United States: Trends in the Prevalence by Demographic Factors During 1999-2010.

Liu X, Hoang VM, Liu Y, Brown RL - Int J Chronic Dis (2015)

Bottom Line: The prevalence decreased significantly from 16.8% in 1999-2004 to 13.5% in 2005-2010.The stratified prevalence of untreated ISH decreased in 2005-2010 in non-Hispanic white females (12.8% versus 18.6%) and females who did not attend college (16.9% versus 21.8%).Untreated ISH is more prevalent in old and female subjects, and significant improvements in these groups suggest that public health measures or changes are in the right direction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Systems Leadership and Effective Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA ; Institute for Quantitative Biology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA.

ABSTRACT
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) predominates hemodynamic hypertension subtypes and becomes a significant factor for cardiovascular and renal outcomes in middle-aged and old adults. The prevalence and changes of untreated ISH have not been fully investigated in this population. A total of 12,097 participants aged ≥40 years were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010. The overall prevalence of untreated ISH was 15.2%. The prevalence decreased significantly from 16.8% in 1999-2004 to 13.5% in 2005-2010. Females, non-Hispanic blacks, and adults with low education had higher prevalence of untreated ISH than males, non-Hispanic whites, and adults with high education, respectively. Compared with 1999-2004, the prevalence of untreated ISH in 2005-2010 reduced in old adults (28.0% versus 37.7%), females (14.3% versus 19.5%), and non-Hispanic whites (12.7% versus 16.2%). The stratified prevalence of untreated ISH decreased in 2005-2010 in non-Hispanic white females (12.8% versus 18.6%) and females who did not attend college (16.9% versus 21.8%). Untreated ISH is more prevalent in old and female subjects, and significant improvements in these groups suggest that public health measures or changes are in the right direction.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of isolated systolic hypertension by survey cycles in NHANES 1999–2010, USA. (The prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension was age-adjusted by direct standardization to the 2000 projected US population. NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; ISH, isolated systolic hypertension. P < 0.05 indicates the significant difference in the prevalence of ISH between 1999–2004 and 2005–2010).
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fig1: Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of isolated systolic hypertension by survey cycles in NHANES 1999–2010, USA. (The prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension was age-adjusted by direct standardization to the 2000 projected US population. NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; ISH, isolated systolic hypertension. P < 0.05 indicates the significant difference in the prevalence of ISH between 1999–2004 and 2005–2010).

Mentions: The prevalence of untreated ISH in middle-aged and old adults is shown in Figure 1. The overall prevalence of untreated ISH during 1999–2010 is 15.2% (95% CI: 14.2–16.1%). The 6-year prevalence of untreated ISH was 16.8% in 1999–2004 and 13.5% in 2005–2010. The prevalence decreased significantly from 1999–2004 to 2005–2010 (P < 0.05).


Untreated Isolated Sytolic Hypertension among Middle-Aged and Old Adults in the United States: Trends in the Prevalence by Demographic Factors During 1999-2010.

Liu X, Hoang VM, Liu Y, Brown RL - Int J Chronic Dis (2015)

Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of isolated systolic hypertension by survey cycles in NHANES 1999–2010, USA. (The prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension was age-adjusted by direct standardization to the 2000 projected US population. NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; ISH, isolated systolic hypertension. P < 0.05 indicates the significant difference in the prevalence of ISH between 1999–2004 and 2005–2010).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590928&req=5

fig1: Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals of isolated systolic hypertension by survey cycles in NHANES 1999–2010, USA. (The prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension was age-adjusted by direct standardization to the 2000 projected US population. NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; ISH, isolated systolic hypertension. P < 0.05 indicates the significant difference in the prevalence of ISH between 1999–2004 and 2005–2010).
Mentions: The prevalence of untreated ISH in middle-aged and old adults is shown in Figure 1. The overall prevalence of untreated ISH during 1999–2010 is 15.2% (95% CI: 14.2–16.1%). The 6-year prevalence of untreated ISH was 16.8% in 1999–2004 and 13.5% in 2005–2010. The prevalence decreased significantly from 1999–2004 to 2005–2010 (P < 0.05).

Bottom Line: The prevalence decreased significantly from 16.8% in 1999-2004 to 13.5% in 2005-2010.The stratified prevalence of untreated ISH decreased in 2005-2010 in non-Hispanic white females (12.8% versus 18.6%) and females who did not attend college (16.9% versus 21.8%).Untreated ISH is more prevalent in old and female subjects, and significant improvements in these groups suggest that public health measures or changes are in the right direction.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Systems Leadership and Effective Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA ; Institute for Quantitative Biology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA.

ABSTRACT
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) predominates hemodynamic hypertension subtypes and becomes a significant factor for cardiovascular and renal outcomes in middle-aged and old adults. The prevalence and changes of untreated ISH have not been fully investigated in this population. A total of 12,097 participants aged ≥40 years were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010. The overall prevalence of untreated ISH was 15.2%. The prevalence decreased significantly from 16.8% in 1999-2004 to 13.5% in 2005-2010. Females, non-Hispanic blacks, and adults with low education had higher prevalence of untreated ISH than males, non-Hispanic whites, and adults with high education, respectively. Compared with 1999-2004, the prevalence of untreated ISH in 2005-2010 reduced in old adults (28.0% versus 37.7%), females (14.3% versus 19.5%), and non-Hispanic whites (12.7% versus 16.2%). The stratified prevalence of untreated ISH decreased in 2005-2010 in non-Hispanic white females (12.8% versus 18.6%) and females who did not attend college (16.9% versus 21.8%). Untreated ISH is more prevalent in old and female subjects, and significant improvements in these groups suggest that public health measures or changes are in the right direction.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus