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Microvascular Complications and Their Associated Risk Factors in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.

Bansal D, Gudala K, Esam HP, Nayakallu R, Vyamusani RV, Bhansali A - Int J Chronic Dis (2014)

Bottom Line: Prevalence of any complication was 18.04%.Triglycerides (OR, 1.01; P = 0.011) and old age (OR, 1.06; P ≤ 0.01) were significantly associated with any complication.These results are suggesting need of regular screening for microvascular complications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali 160062, India.

ABSTRACT
The study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of microvascular complications and associated risk factors in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a public tertiary care hospital. All the recruited patients underwent extensive examination for the presence of microvascular complications like neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy. Prevalence of any complication was 18.04%. Prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy was found to be 8.2%, 9.5%, and 2.8%, respectively. Triglycerides (OR, 1.01; P = 0.011) and old age (OR, 1.06; P ≤ 0.01) were significantly associated with any complication. Triglycerides were significantly associated with neuropathy (OR, 1.01; P = 0.05) and retinopathy (OR, 1.01; P = 0.02). Being male posed high risk for nephropathy (OR, 0.06; P = 0.01). These results are suggesting need of regular screening for microvascular complications.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients (n = 449).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients (n = 449).

Mentions: In Figure 1 prevalence of microvascular complications is presented. The prevalence of any microvascular complication was 18.04% (95% CI, 14.4–21.6). Neuropathy was found to be 8.2% (95% CI, 5.6–10.7), retinopathy was 9.5% (95% CI, 6.8–12.3), and nephropathy was 2.8% (95% CI, 1.3–4.4). Vibration perception threshold revealed that 4.7% (95% CI, 3–7) were having mild neuropathy, 2.4% (95% CI, 1.3–4.3) were having moderate neuropathy, and 1.1 (95% CI, 0.4–2.5) were having severe neuropathy. Among patients of retinopathy, 5.8% (95% CI, 3.9–8.3) were having NPDR and 3.8% (95% CI, 2.3–5.9) were having PDR.


Microvascular Complications and Their Associated Risk Factors in Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.

Bansal D, Gudala K, Esam HP, Nayakallu R, Vyamusani RV, Bhansali A - Int J Chronic Dis (2014)

Prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients (n = 449).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590918&req=5

fig1: Prevalence of microvascular complications in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus patients (n = 449).
Mentions: In Figure 1 prevalence of microvascular complications is presented. The prevalence of any microvascular complication was 18.04% (95% CI, 14.4–21.6). Neuropathy was found to be 8.2% (95% CI, 5.6–10.7), retinopathy was 9.5% (95% CI, 6.8–12.3), and nephropathy was 2.8% (95% CI, 1.3–4.4). Vibration perception threshold revealed that 4.7% (95% CI, 3–7) were having mild neuropathy, 2.4% (95% CI, 1.3–4.3) were having moderate neuropathy, and 1.1 (95% CI, 0.4–2.5) were having severe neuropathy. Among patients of retinopathy, 5.8% (95% CI, 3.9–8.3) were having NPDR and 3.8% (95% CI, 2.3–5.9) were having PDR.

Bottom Line: Prevalence of any complication was 18.04%.Triglycerides (OR, 1.01; P = 0.011) and old age (OR, 1.06; P ≤ 0.01) were significantly associated with any complication.These results are suggesting need of regular screening for microvascular complications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali 160062, India.

ABSTRACT
The study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of microvascular complications and associated risk factors in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a public tertiary care hospital. All the recruited patients underwent extensive examination for the presence of microvascular complications like neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy. Prevalence of any complication was 18.04%. Prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy was found to be 8.2%, 9.5%, and 2.8%, respectively. Triglycerides (OR, 1.01; P = 0.011) and old age (OR, 1.06; P ≤ 0.01) were significantly associated with any complication. Triglycerides were significantly associated with neuropathy (OR, 1.01; P = 0.05) and retinopathy (OR, 1.01; P = 0.02). Being male posed high risk for nephropathy (OR, 0.06; P = 0.01). These results are suggesting need of regular screening for microvascular complications.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus