Limits...
Public Health Implications and Risk Factors Assessment of Mycobacterium bovis Infections among Abattoir Personnel in Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Sa'idu AS, Okolocha EC, Dzikwi AA, Gamawa AA, Ibrahim S, Kwaga JK, Usman A, Maigari SA - J Vet Med (2015)

Bottom Line: A prospective survey was conducted from June to August 2013 in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria.There was a statistically significant association between respondents' awareness of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses (P < 0.05); the odds of being aware of bTB were 9.4, 7.3, and 2.1, respectively.The risk of bTB transmission as indicated by the personnel's practices and awareness levels in Bauchi State could be prevented through the use of protective clothing (PPEs).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1013, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious and contagious zoonotic disease of domestic animals, wild animals, and humans. It poses a public health threat and economic losses due to abattoir condemnation of infected carcasses during meat inspection of slaughtered animals. Bovine tuberculosis is widespread in Africa including Nigeria affecting both cattle and humans, particularly Northern Nigeria. A prospective survey was conducted from June to August 2013 in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria. A total of 150 structured close-ended questionnaires were administered to abattoir personnel to assess their level of awareness of bTB. This study was aimed at determining the level of public health awareness, attitude, and practices of abattoir workers of bTB in Bauchi State, Nigeria. There was a statistically significant association between respondents' awareness of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses (P < 0.05); the odds of being aware of bTB were 9.4, 7.3, and 2.1, respectively. In conclusion, these demonstrate the urgent need for public health authorities to intervene in bTB control. The risk of bTB transmission as indicated by the personnel's practices and awareness levels in Bauchi State could be prevented through the use of protective clothing (PPEs).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Level of respondents' awareness of bTB as a zoonotic disease, attitude, and practices of abattoir staff (by their knowledge of disease transmission from cattle, the zoonotic nature of bTB, common clinical signs of TB in humans, importance of use of protective clothing, and vaccination history, resp.), in Bauchi State, Nigeria.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590870&req=5

fig1: Level of respondents' awareness of bTB as a zoonotic disease, attitude, and practices of abattoir staff (by their knowledge of disease transmission from cattle, the zoonotic nature of bTB, common clinical signs of TB in humans, importance of use of protective clothing, and vaccination history, resp.), in Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Mentions: Majority of the respondents had contact with cattle for over 3 years (81.40%) (Table 1). A significant number (57 (50.46%)) of them did not wear protective clothing when being in contact with cattle carcasses, despite the protection it gives against zoonotic transmission. This indicated their high risk of the zoonotic transmission, with the exception that a significant number (59.81%) of abattoir personnel consume boiled milk in recognition of the risk of contracting bTB and Brucellosis in fresh milk (unpasteurised milk). This study showed significant (P < 0.05) association between awareness of the respondents of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses, and the odds of being aware of bTB by their level of awareness were 9.36, 7.29, and 2.06, respectively (Table 2). However, majority of the respondents believed in the importance of use of protective clothing while working, 94.7% (107/113), and 3.60% (4/113) had not. Likewise, on its zoonotic nature, 90.3% (102/113) knew that bTB can be contracted from cattle. Some of the respondents (41.6% (47/113)) had received childhood BCG vaccine while 30.1% (34/113) had not and 28.3% (32/113) had not known their vaccination status (Figure 1).


Public Health Implications and Risk Factors Assessment of Mycobacterium bovis Infections among Abattoir Personnel in Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Sa'idu AS, Okolocha EC, Dzikwi AA, Gamawa AA, Ibrahim S, Kwaga JK, Usman A, Maigari SA - J Vet Med (2015)

Level of respondents' awareness of bTB as a zoonotic disease, attitude, and practices of abattoir staff (by their knowledge of disease transmission from cattle, the zoonotic nature of bTB, common clinical signs of TB in humans, importance of use of protective clothing, and vaccination history, resp.), in Bauchi State, Nigeria.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590870&req=5

fig1: Level of respondents' awareness of bTB as a zoonotic disease, attitude, and practices of abattoir staff (by their knowledge of disease transmission from cattle, the zoonotic nature of bTB, common clinical signs of TB in humans, importance of use of protective clothing, and vaccination history, resp.), in Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Mentions: Majority of the respondents had contact with cattle for over 3 years (81.40%) (Table 1). A significant number (57 (50.46%)) of them did not wear protective clothing when being in contact with cattle carcasses, despite the protection it gives against zoonotic transmission. This indicated their high risk of the zoonotic transmission, with the exception that a significant number (59.81%) of abattoir personnel consume boiled milk in recognition of the risk of contracting bTB and Brucellosis in fresh milk (unpasteurised milk). This study showed significant (P < 0.05) association between awareness of the respondents of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses, and the odds of being aware of bTB by their level of awareness were 9.36, 7.29, and 2.06, respectively (Table 2). However, majority of the respondents believed in the importance of use of protective clothing while working, 94.7% (107/113), and 3.60% (4/113) had not. Likewise, on its zoonotic nature, 90.3% (102/113) knew that bTB can be contracted from cattle. Some of the respondents (41.6% (47/113)) had received childhood BCG vaccine while 30.1% (34/113) had not and 28.3% (32/113) had not known their vaccination status (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: A prospective survey was conducted from June to August 2013 in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria.There was a statistically significant association between respondents' awareness of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses (P < 0.05); the odds of being aware of bTB were 9.4, 7.3, and 2.1, respectively.The risk of bTB transmission as indicated by the personnel's practices and awareness levels in Bauchi State could be prevented through the use of protective clothing (PPEs).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1013, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious and contagious zoonotic disease of domestic animals, wild animals, and humans. It poses a public health threat and economic losses due to abattoir condemnation of infected carcasses during meat inspection of slaughtered animals. Bovine tuberculosis is widespread in Africa including Nigeria affecting both cattle and humans, particularly Northern Nigeria. A prospective survey was conducted from June to August 2013 in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria. A total of 150 structured close-ended questionnaires were administered to abattoir personnel to assess their level of awareness of bTB. This study was aimed at determining the level of public health awareness, attitude, and practices of abattoir workers of bTB in Bauchi State, Nigeria. There was a statistically significant association between respondents' awareness of bTB and their occupational status, age, and duration of exposure to cattle carcasses (P < 0.05); the odds of being aware of bTB were 9.4, 7.3, and 2.1, respectively. In conclusion, these demonstrate the urgent need for public health authorities to intervene in bTB control. The risk of bTB transmission as indicated by the personnel's practices and awareness levels in Bauchi State could be prevented through the use of protective clothing (PPEs).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus