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Ectoparasites Prevalence in Small Ruminants in and around Sekela, Amhara Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia.

Seyoum Z, Tadesse T, Addisu A - J Vet Med (2015)

Bottom Line: In our attempt, only two cases due to Demodex species were recorded in sheep.In conclusion, the prevalence of ectoparasites in the present study was high and this could affect the wellbeing and productivity of small ruminants.Therefore, to reduce ectoparasites prevalence and impact on the productivity and health status, planning of integrated control measures with sustainable veterinary services aiming at creating awareness about the importance and control of ectoparasites for livestock owners is required.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and type of ectoparasites and to identify risk factors associated with ectoparasite infestations in small ruminants in and around Sekela, Northwest Ethiopia. Clinical examination and laboratory analysis were made on 304 sheep and 96 goats. The collected raw data were analyzed using χ (2)-test. Out of the 400 sampled animals, 182 (45.5%) were infested with one or more ectoparasites. The prevalent ectoparasites observed were lice, ticks, Ctenocephalides species, Melophagus ovinus, and Demodex species. The infestation rates of ectoparasites with age and sex were significantly varied (P < 0.05) in sheep but not in goats (P > 0.05). Body condition score was not significantly associated (P > 0.05) with ectoparasites infestation in both sheep and goats. In our attempt, only two cases due to Demodex species were recorded in sheep. In conclusion, the prevalence of ectoparasites in the present study was high and this could affect the wellbeing and productivity of small ruminants. Therefore, to reduce ectoparasites prevalence and impact on the productivity and health status, planning of integrated control measures with sustainable veterinary services aiming at creating awareness about the importance and control of ectoparasites for livestock owners is required.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Species-wise prevalence of ectoparasites in sheep and goats.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590867&req=5

fig1: Species-wise prevalence of ectoparasites in sheep and goats.

Mentions: The overall prevalence of ectoparasite infestation in sheep (47.7%) and goats (38.5%) was not significantly varied (χ2 = 2.466 and P = 0.116). However, the prevalence of tick infestation in sheep (22.7%) was significantly more prevalent than in goats (11.45%) (χ2 = 5.76 and P = 0.016). Statistically significant differences were never recorded (P > 0.05) in the prevalence of lice, Ctenocephalides species, and M. ovinus between sheep and goats. In our study, only two cases (0.66%) due to Demodex species were identified in sheep, but no demodectic cases were recorded in goats (Figure 1).


Ectoparasites Prevalence in Small Ruminants in and around Sekela, Amhara Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia.

Seyoum Z, Tadesse T, Addisu A - J Vet Med (2015)

Species-wise prevalence of ectoparasites in sheep and goats.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590867&req=5

fig1: Species-wise prevalence of ectoparasites in sheep and goats.
Mentions: The overall prevalence of ectoparasite infestation in sheep (47.7%) and goats (38.5%) was not significantly varied (χ2 = 2.466 and P = 0.116). However, the prevalence of tick infestation in sheep (22.7%) was significantly more prevalent than in goats (11.45%) (χ2 = 5.76 and P = 0.016). Statistically significant differences were never recorded (P > 0.05) in the prevalence of lice, Ctenocephalides species, and M. ovinus between sheep and goats. In our study, only two cases (0.66%) due to Demodex species were identified in sheep, but no demodectic cases were recorded in goats (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: In our attempt, only two cases due to Demodex species were recorded in sheep.In conclusion, the prevalence of ectoparasites in the present study was high and this could affect the wellbeing and productivity of small ruminants.Therefore, to reduce ectoparasites prevalence and impact on the productivity and health status, planning of integrated control measures with sustainable veterinary services aiming at creating awareness about the importance and control of ectoparasites for livestock owners is required.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and type of ectoparasites and to identify risk factors associated with ectoparasite infestations in small ruminants in and around Sekela, Northwest Ethiopia. Clinical examination and laboratory analysis were made on 304 sheep and 96 goats. The collected raw data were analyzed using χ (2)-test. Out of the 400 sampled animals, 182 (45.5%) were infested with one or more ectoparasites. The prevalent ectoparasites observed were lice, ticks, Ctenocephalides species, Melophagus ovinus, and Demodex species. The infestation rates of ectoparasites with age and sex were significantly varied (P < 0.05) in sheep but not in goats (P > 0.05). Body condition score was not significantly associated (P > 0.05) with ectoparasites infestation in both sheep and goats. In our attempt, only two cases due to Demodex species were recorded in sheep. In conclusion, the prevalence of ectoparasites in the present study was high and this could affect the wellbeing and productivity of small ruminants. Therefore, to reduce ectoparasites prevalence and impact on the productivity and health status, planning of integrated control measures with sustainable veterinary services aiming at creating awareness about the importance and control of ectoparasites for livestock owners is required.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus