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Language and culture modulate online semantic processing.

Ellis C, Kuipers JR, Thierry G, Lovett V, Turnbull O, Jones MW - Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2015)

Bottom Line: Here, we show that language also modulates higher level processing, such as semantic knowledge.Using event-related brain potentials, we show that highly fluent Welsh-English bilinguals require significantly less processing effort when reading sentences in Welsh which contain factually correct information about Wales, than when reading sentences containing the same information presented in English.Crucially, culturally irrelevant information was processed similarly in both Welsh and English.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bangor University, LL58 2AS Bangor, UK.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

ERPs (µV) elicited by true/false sentences containing culturally relevant or culturally non-relevant information and presented in either Welsh or English. The asterisk indicates the window of analysis in which mean ERP amplitudes significantly differed between conditions (340–450 ms post-stimulus).
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nsv028-F2: ERPs (µV) elicited by true/false sentences containing culturally relevant or culturally non-relevant information and presented in either Welsh or English. The asterisk indicates the window of analysis in which mean ERP amplitudes significantly differed between conditions (340–450 ms post-stimulus).

Mentions: We analysed ERP amplitudes over 10 electrodes over which the N400 is known to be maximal (linear derivation of Cz, C1, C2, C3, C4, CPz, CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4; Kutas and Hillyard, 1980a,b, 1984; Martin et al., 2009; Hoshino and Thierry, 2012; see also Kutas and Federmeier, 2011; Luck, 2014, p. 52) (Figure 2). As expected, there was a main effect of truth value (F(1, 17) = 19.65, P < 0.001), such that the N400 was reduced in amplitude for true relative to false statements and no other main effects (cultural relevance: F(1, 17) = 1.71, P > 0.05; language: F(1, 17) = 1.43, P > 0.05) or two-way interactions (language and truth: F(1, 17) = 1.35, P > 0.05; language and culture: F(1, 17) = 2.28, P > 0.05; truth and culture: F(1, 17) = 1.34, P > 0.05) emerged.Fig. 2


Language and culture modulate online semantic processing.

Ellis C, Kuipers JR, Thierry G, Lovett V, Turnbull O, Jones MW - Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2015)

ERPs (µV) elicited by true/false sentences containing culturally relevant or culturally non-relevant information and presented in either Welsh or English. The asterisk indicates the window of analysis in which mean ERP amplitudes significantly differed between conditions (340–450 ms post-stimulus).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590539&req=5

nsv028-F2: ERPs (µV) elicited by true/false sentences containing culturally relevant or culturally non-relevant information and presented in either Welsh or English. The asterisk indicates the window of analysis in which mean ERP amplitudes significantly differed between conditions (340–450 ms post-stimulus).
Mentions: We analysed ERP amplitudes over 10 electrodes over which the N400 is known to be maximal (linear derivation of Cz, C1, C2, C3, C4, CPz, CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4; Kutas and Hillyard, 1980a,b, 1984; Martin et al., 2009; Hoshino and Thierry, 2012; see also Kutas and Federmeier, 2011; Luck, 2014, p. 52) (Figure 2). As expected, there was a main effect of truth value (F(1, 17) = 19.65, P < 0.001), such that the N400 was reduced in amplitude for true relative to false statements and no other main effects (cultural relevance: F(1, 17) = 1.71, P > 0.05; language: F(1, 17) = 1.43, P > 0.05) or two-way interactions (language and truth: F(1, 17) = 1.35, P > 0.05; language and culture: F(1, 17) = 2.28, P > 0.05; truth and culture: F(1, 17) = 1.34, P > 0.05) emerged.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Here, we show that language also modulates higher level processing, such as semantic knowledge.Using event-related brain potentials, we show that highly fluent Welsh-English bilinguals require significantly less processing effort when reading sentences in Welsh which contain factually correct information about Wales, than when reading sentences containing the same information presented in English.Crucially, culturally irrelevant information was processed similarly in both Welsh and English.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bangor University, LL58 2AS Bangor, UK.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus