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Language and culture modulate online semantic processing.

Ellis C, Kuipers JR, Thierry G, Lovett V, Turnbull O, Jones MW - Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2015)

Bottom Line: Here, we show that language also modulates higher level processing, such as semantic knowledge.Using event-related brain potentials, we show that highly fluent Welsh-English bilinguals require significantly less processing effort when reading sentences in Welsh which contain factually correct information about Wales, than when reading sentences containing the same information presented in English.Crucially, culturally irrelevant information was processed similarly in both Welsh and English.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bangor University, LL58 2AS Bangor, UK.

No MeSH data available.


Mean RTs (ms) for correct true/false responses to culturally relevant or non-relevant statements presented in Welsh or English. Error bars represent SEM.
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nsv028-F1: Mean RTs (ms) for correct true/false responses to culturally relevant or non-relevant statements presented in Welsh or English. Error bars represent SEM.

Mentions: Analysis of variances (ANOVAs) on reaction time data yielded no main effects of cultural relevance (F(1, 17) = 1.15, P > 0.05), language (F(1, 17) = 0.35, P > 0.05) or truth value (F(1, 17) = 1.23, P > 0.05). A language by truth value interaction (F(1, 17) = 4.81, P = 0.042) showed that in the case of Welsh sentences, true statements were responded to more quickly than false ones, whereas statements in English were responded to with similar speed independent of truth value. There was also a language by cultural relevance interaction (F(1, 17) = 10.71, P = 0.004) such that culturally relevant statements were responded to more quickly than non-relevant statements when sentences were presented in Welsh, but no such difference was found for statements in English. No other interactions emerged from the reaction time data (Figure 1). A correlation analysis by subjects revealed no evidence of a speed–accuracy trade-off (r(1, 18) = 0.09, P = 0.73).Fig. 1


Language and culture modulate online semantic processing.

Ellis C, Kuipers JR, Thierry G, Lovett V, Turnbull O, Jones MW - Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci (2015)

Mean RTs (ms) for correct true/false responses to culturally relevant or non-relevant statements presented in Welsh or English. Error bars represent SEM.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590539&req=5

nsv028-F1: Mean RTs (ms) for correct true/false responses to culturally relevant or non-relevant statements presented in Welsh or English. Error bars represent SEM.
Mentions: Analysis of variances (ANOVAs) on reaction time data yielded no main effects of cultural relevance (F(1, 17) = 1.15, P > 0.05), language (F(1, 17) = 0.35, P > 0.05) or truth value (F(1, 17) = 1.23, P > 0.05). A language by truth value interaction (F(1, 17) = 4.81, P = 0.042) showed that in the case of Welsh sentences, true statements were responded to more quickly than false ones, whereas statements in English were responded to with similar speed independent of truth value. There was also a language by cultural relevance interaction (F(1, 17) = 10.71, P = 0.004) such that culturally relevant statements were responded to more quickly than non-relevant statements when sentences were presented in Welsh, but no such difference was found for statements in English. No other interactions emerged from the reaction time data (Figure 1). A correlation analysis by subjects revealed no evidence of a speed–accuracy trade-off (r(1, 18) = 0.09, P = 0.73).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Here, we show that language also modulates higher level processing, such as semantic knowledge.Using event-related brain potentials, we show that highly fluent Welsh-English bilinguals require significantly less processing effort when reading sentences in Welsh which contain factually correct information about Wales, than when reading sentences containing the same information presented in English.Crucially, culturally irrelevant information was processed similarly in both Welsh and English.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bangor University, LL58 2AS Bangor, UK.

No MeSH data available.