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Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania.

Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, Karinauskiene L, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, Verkauskiene R - BMC Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries.Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. natalija.smetanina@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status.

Results: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of time spent watching TV (a) and at the computer (b) during the day between schoolchildren by the BMI category
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Fig4: Distribution of time spent watching TV (a) and at the computer (b) during the day between schoolchildren by the BMI category

Mentions: Nearly half of children and adolescents did not spend any time at the computer during the week or spent only 1–2 h per day (46.4 and 40.7 %, respectively). Only 12.9 % of the respondents spent 3 h per day and more by the computer. Nearly two-thirds (65.4 %) of the schoolchildren watched TV 1–2 h during the day, 14 % watched TV for 3 h and longer, and every fifth schoolchild (20.6 %) never watched TV or watched it only 30 min per day. Older schoolchildren spent more time watching TV and by the computer than their younger counterparts: in the 7–9 years old group 10.8 % spent 3 and more hours watching TV and 2.6 % spent 3 and more hours at the computer, compared with 16.2 and 17.3 % in the 10–13 years old group, respectively, (P < 0.001). However, the comparison of schoolchildren by the BMI category and time spent at the computer or watching TV showed no significant differences (Fig. 4).Fig. 4


Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania.

Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, Karinauskiene L, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, Verkauskiene R - BMC Public Health (2015)

Distribution of time spent watching TV (a) and at the computer (b) during the day between schoolchildren by the BMI category
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590263&req=5

Fig4: Distribution of time spent watching TV (a) and at the computer (b) during the day between schoolchildren by the BMI category
Mentions: Nearly half of children and adolescents did not spend any time at the computer during the week or spent only 1–2 h per day (46.4 and 40.7 %, respectively). Only 12.9 % of the respondents spent 3 h per day and more by the computer. Nearly two-thirds (65.4 %) of the schoolchildren watched TV 1–2 h during the day, 14 % watched TV for 3 h and longer, and every fifth schoolchild (20.6 %) never watched TV or watched it only 30 min per day. Older schoolchildren spent more time watching TV and by the computer than their younger counterparts: in the 7–9 years old group 10.8 % spent 3 and more hours watching TV and 2.6 % spent 3 and more hours at the computer, compared with 16.2 and 17.3 % in the 10–13 years old group, respectively, (P < 0.001). However, the comparison of schoolchildren by the BMI category and time spent at the computer or watching TV showed no significant differences (Fig. 4).Fig. 4

Bottom Line: Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries.Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. natalija.smetanina@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status.

Results: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus