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Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania.

Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, Karinauskiene L, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, Verkauskiene R - BMC Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries.Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. natalija.smetanina@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status.

Results: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of meal frequency per day by the age groups. *P < 0.05 in comparison with 10–13-year and 14–17-year age groups. †P < 0.05 in comparison with 14–17-year age group
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Fig1: Distribution of meal frequency per day by the age groups. *P < 0.05 in comparison with 10–13-year and 14–17-year age groups. †P < 0.05 in comparison with 14–17-year age group

Mentions: The majority (70.9 %) of 7–9 years old children had their meal 4–5 times per day, which was significantly more frequent compared to the 10–13 and 14–17 year-old groups. The greatest percentage of schoolchildren eating 6 and more times per day was among the oldest schoolchildren, significantly different from that of their younger counterparts (4.6 % versus 2.5 % and 1.8 %, P < 0.05). Less than half (46.7 %) of schoolchildren had their meals 4–5 times per day, and half (50.3 %) of schoolchildren ate 3 or fewer times per day, equally boys and girls. Figure 1 depicts the distribution of study participants by the age groups and number of meals per day. Less than one-third (26.6 %) of 7–9 years old schoolchildren had their meals 3 or fewer times per day, meanwhile the percentage of rarely eating children increased with age: in 10-13 and 14–17 year-old adolescents it was 66.8 and 53.2 %, respectively, with the difference being significant between age groups (P < 0.05).Fig. 1


Prevalence of overweight/obesity in relation to dietary habits and lifestyle among 7-17 years old children and adolescents in Lithuania.

Smetanina N, Albaviciute E, Babinska V, Karinauskiene L, Albertsson-Wikland K, Petrauskiene A, Verkauskiene R - BMC Public Health (2015)

Distribution of meal frequency per day by the age groups. *P < 0.05 in comparison with 10–13-year and 14–17-year age groups. †P < 0.05 in comparison with 14–17-year age group
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4590263&req=5

Fig1: Distribution of meal frequency per day by the age groups. *P < 0.05 in comparison with 10–13-year and 14–17-year age groups. †P < 0.05 in comparison with 14–17-year age group
Mentions: The majority (70.9 %) of 7–9 years old children had their meal 4–5 times per day, which was significantly more frequent compared to the 10–13 and 14–17 year-old groups. The greatest percentage of schoolchildren eating 6 and more times per day was among the oldest schoolchildren, significantly different from that of their younger counterparts (4.6 % versus 2.5 % and 1.8 %, P < 0.05). Less than half (46.7 %) of schoolchildren had their meals 4–5 times per day, and half (50.3 %) of schoolchildren ate 3 or fewer times per day, equally boys and girls. Figure 1 depicts the distribution of study participants by the age groups and number of meals per day. Less than one-third (26.6 %) of 7–9 years old schoolchildren had their meals 3 or fewer times per day, meanwhile the percentage of rarely eating children increased with age: in 10-13 and 14–17 year-old adolescents it was 66.8 and 53.2 %, respectively, with the difference being significant between age groups (P < 0.05).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries.Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eiveniu str. 2, LT-50009, Kaunas, Lithuania. natalija.smetanina@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study included 3990 7-17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status.

Results: The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7-9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children's overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7-17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children's and adolescents' overweight/obesity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus