Limits...
Physical Functional Limitations among Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Older Adults: Associations with Socio-Demographic Factors and Health.

Gubhaju L, Banks E, MacNiven R, McNamara BJ, Joshy G, Bauman A, Eades SJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: In both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, severe limitation was significantly associated with: being ≥70 vs <70 years old (aPRs 1.8, 1.3-2.4 and 5.3, 5.0-5.5, within Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, respectively), none vs tertiary educational qualifications (aPRs 2.4, 1.7-3.3 and 3.1, 3.0-3.2), lower vs higher income (aPRs 6.6, 4.2-10.5 and 5.5, 5.2-5.8), current vs never-smoking (aPRs 2.0, 1.6-2.5 and 2.2, 2.1-2.3), obese vs normal weight (aPRs 1.7, 1.3-2.2 and 2.7, 2.7-2.8) and sitting for ≥7 vs <7 hours/day (aPRs 1.6, 1.2-2.0 and 1.6, 1.6-1.7).It was significantly higher in those with few vs many social contacts (aPRs 1.7, 1.4-2.0 and 1.4, 1.4-1.4) and with very high vs low psychological distress (aPRs 4.4, 3.6-5.4 and 5.7, 5.5-5.9).Effective management of chronic disease and reducing the prevalence of obesity and smoking are important areas for attention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Aboriginal Health, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, 3004, Victoria, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Australian Aboriginal people are disproportionately affected by physical disability; the reasons for this are unclear. This study aimed to quantify associations between severe physical functional limitations and socio-demographic and health-related factors among older Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adults.

Methods: Questionnaire data from 1,563 Aboriginal and 226,802 non-Aboriginal participants aged ≥45 years from the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study (New South Wales, Australia) were used to calculate age- and sex-adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for severe limitation [MOS-PF score <60] according to socio-demographic and health-related factors.

Results: Overall, 26% (410/1563) of Aboriginal participants and 13% (29,569/226,802) of non-Aboriginal participants had severe limitations (aPR 2.8, 95%CI 2.5-3.0). In both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, severe limitation was significantly associated with: being ≥70 vs <70 years old (aPRs 1.8, 1.3-2.4 and 5.3, 5.0-5.5, within Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, respectively), none vs tertiary educational qualifications (aPRs 2.4, 1.7-3.3 and 3.1, 3.0-3.2), lower vs higher income (aPRs 6.6, 4.2-10.5 and 5.5, 5.2-5.8), current vs never-smoking (aPRs 2.0, 1.6-2.5 and 2.2, 2.1-2.3), obese vs normal weight (aPRs 1.7, 1.3-2.2 and 2.7, 2.7-2.8) and sitting for ≥7 vs <7 hours/day (aPRs 1.6, 1.2-2.0 and 1.6, 1.6-1.7). Severe limitations increased with increasing ill-health, with aPRs rising to 5-6 for ≥5 versus no chronic conditions. It was significantly higher in those with few vs many social contacts (aPRs 1.7, 1.4-2.0 and 1.4, 1.4-1.4) and with very high vs low psychological distress (aPRs 4.4, 3.6-5.4 and 5.7, 5.5-5.9).

Conclusions: Although the prevalence of severe physical limitation among Aboriginal people in this study is around three-fold that of non-Aboriginal people, the factors related to it are similar, indicating that Aboriginal people have higher levels of risk factors for and consequences of severe limitations. Effective management of chronic disease and reducing the prevalence of obesity and smoking are important areas for attention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Association between severe physical functional limitations (MOS-PF score 0–59) and health behaviours among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants from the 45 and Up study.
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pone.0139364.g003: Association between severe physical functional limitations (MOS-PF score 0–59) and health behaviours among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants from the 45 and Up study.

Mentions: Among both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, those who were overweight or obese were more likely to be severely limited compared to those with normal weight (Fig 3). The prevalence of severe functional limitation also increased with increasing severity of obesity (class I–class II); with a steeper gradient in prevalence ratio among non-Aboriginal vs Aboriginal people (Pinteraction<0.001). The prevalence of severe functional limitation was greater among those with higher versus lower levels of sedentary time (screen time and sitting time) and lower (50%-60%) among those people who achieved the recommended levels of physical activity compared to those people who did not. Significant statistical interaction with Aboriginal status was found with meeting the physical activity recommendations (Pinteraction = 0.02).


Physical Functional Limitations among Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Older Adults: Associations with Socio-Demographic Factors and Health.

Gubhaju L, Banks E, MacNiven R, McNamara BJ, Joshy G, Bauman A, Eades SJ - PLoS ONE (2015)

Association between severe physical functional limitations (MOS-PF score 0–59) and health behaviours among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants from the 45 and Up study.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4589378&req=5

pone.0139364.g003: Association between severe physical functional limitations (MOS-PF score 0–59) and health behaviours among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants from the 45 and Up study.
Mentions: Among both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, those who were overweight or obese were more likely to be severely limited compared to those with normal weight (Fig 3). The prevalence of severe functional limitation also increased with increasing severity of obesity (class I–class II); with a steeper gradient in prevalence ratio among non-Aboriginal vs Aboriginal people (Pinteraction<0.001). The prevalence of severe functional limitation was greater among those with higher versus lower levels of sedentary time (screen time and sitting time) and lower (50%-60%) among those people who achieved the recommended levels of physical activity compared to those people who did not. Significant statistical interaction with Aboriginal status was found with meeting the physical activity recommendations (Pinteraction = 0.02).

Bottom Line: In both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, severe limitation was significantly associated with: being ≥70 vs <70 years old (aPRs 1.8, 1.3-2.4 and 5.3, 5.0-5.5, within Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, respectively), none vs tertiary educational qualifications (aPRs 2.4, 1.7-3.3 and 3.1, 3.0-3.2), lower vs higher income (aPRs 6.6, 4.2-10.5 and 5.5, 5.2-5.8), current vs never-smoking (aPRs 2.0, 1.6-2.5 and 2.2, 2.1-2.3), obese vs normal weight (aPRs 1.7, 1.3-2.2 and 2.7, 2.7-2.8) and sitting for ≥7 vs <7 hours/day (aPRs 1.6, 1.2-2.0 and 1.6, 1.6-1.7).It was significantly higher in those with few vs many social contacts (aPRs 1.7, 1.4-2.0 and 1.4, 1.4-1.4) and with very high vs low psychological distress (aPRs 4.4, 3.6-5.4 and 5.7, 5.5-5.9).Effective management of chronic disease and reducing the prevalence of obesity and smoking are important areas for attention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Aboriginal Health, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, 3004, Victoria, Australia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Australian Aboriginal people are disproportionately affected by physical disability; the reasons for this are unclear. This study aimed to quantify associations between severe physical functional limitations and socio-demographic and health-related factors among older Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal adults.

Methods: Questionnaire data from 1,563 Aboriginal and 226,802 non-Aboriginal participants aged ≥45 years from the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study (New South Wales, Australia) were used to calculate age- and sex-adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for severe limitation [MOS-PF score <60] according to socio-demographic and health-related factors.

Results: Overall, 26% (410/1563) of Aboriginal participants and 13% (29,569/226,802) of non-Aboriginal participants had severe limitations (aPR 2.8, 95%CI 2.5-3.0). In both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, severe limitation was significantly associated with: being ≥70 vs <70 years old (aPRs 1.8, 1.3-2.4 and 5.3, 5.0-5.5, within Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants, respectively), none vs tertiary educational qualifications (aPRs 2.4, 1.7-3.3 and 3.1, 3.0-3.2), lower vs higher income (aPRs 6.6, 4.2-10.5 and 5.5, 5.2-5.8), current vs never-smoking (aPRs 2.0, 1.6-2.5 and 2.2, 2.1-2.3), obese vs normal weight (aPRs 1.7, 1.3-2.2 and 2.7, 2.7-2.8) and sitting for ≥7 vs <7 hours/day (aPRs 1.6, 1.2-2.0 and 1.6, 1.6-1.7). Severe limitations increased with increasing ill-health, with aPRs rising to 5-6 for ≥5 versus no chronic conditions. It was significantly higher in those with few vs many social contacts (aPRs 1.7, 1.4-2.0 and 1.4, 1.4-1.4) and with very high vs low psychological distress (aPRs 4.4, 3.6-5.4 and 5.7, 5.5-5.9).

Conclusions: Although the prevalence of severe physical limitation among Aboriginal people in this study is around three-fold that of non-Aboriginal people, the factors related to it are similar, indicating that Aboriginal people have higher levels of risk factors for and consequences of severe limitations. Effective management of chronic disease and reducing the prevalence of obesity and smoking are important areas for attention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus