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Clarification of the Identity of the Tea Green Leafhopper Based on Morphological Comparison between Chinese and Japanese Specimens.

Qin D, Zhang L, Xiao Q, Dietrich C, Matsumura M - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively.Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear.Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of the Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China.

ABSTRACT
Tea green leafhopper is one of the most dominant pests in major tea production regions of East Asia. This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively. Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear. Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Adult of E. (M.) onukii (fresh specimens from Hangzhou, China).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Male adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
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pone.0139202.g003: Adult of E. (M.) onukii (fresh specimens from Hangzhou, China).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Male adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.

Mentions: Male. Predominant color of fresh specimens pale green to yellow, with or without few symmetrical creamy markings and greenish hypodermal patches on crown (Fig 3A–3D). Eyes grayish brown to black (Fig 3A–3D). Ocelli circled by narrow greyish patch, creamy patch mesocaudad distinct or absent (Fig 3A and 3C). Pronotum with or without lighter and irregular creamy patches along anterior margin and arcuate area behind eyes (Fig 3A and 3C). Centre of scutellum antero-mesally, caudad of scutoscutellar sulcus and at each side of lateral margins usually with greyish or creamy patches (Fig 3A and 3C). Face concolorous or yellow at base and indigo at apex of anteclypeus (Fig 3D). Forewing semitransparent in basal 2/3, apical third and hind wing hyaline (Fig 3A and 3B). Legs yellow but usually bearing indigo pattern in some segments (Fig 3B). Female usually with the same color as male, ovipositor grayish to brown. Old and alcohol-preserved specimens generally yellow, with color and markings usually faded.


Clarification of the Identity of the Tea Green Leafhopper Based on Morphological Comparison between Chinese and Japanese Specimens.

Qin D, Zhang L, Xiao Q, Dietrich C, Matsumura M - PLoS ONE (2015)

Adult of E. (M.) onukii (fresh specimens from Hangzhou, China).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Male adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4589377&req=5

pone.0139202.g003: Adult of E. (M.) onukii (fresh specimens from Hangzhou, China).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Male adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
Mentions: Male. Predominant color of fresh specimens pale green to yellow, with or without few symmetrical creamy markings and greenish hypodermal patches on crown (Fig 3A–3D). Eyes grayish brown to black (Fig 3A–3D). Ocelli circled by narrow greyish patch, creamy patch mesocaudad distinct or absent (Fig 3A and 3C). Pronotum with or without lighter and irregular creamy patches along anterior margin and arcuate area behind eyes (Fig 3A and 3C). Centre of scutellum antero-mesally, caudad of scutoscutellar sulcus and at each side of lateral margins usually with greyish or creamy patches (Fig 3A and 3C). Face concolorous or yellow at base and indigo at apex of anteclypeus (Fig 3D). Forewing semitransparent in basal 2/3, apical third and hind wing hyaline (Fig 3A and 3B). Legs yellow but usually bearing indigo pattern in some segments (Fig 3B). Female usually with the same color as male, ovipositor grayish to brown. Old and alcohol-preserved specimens generally yellow, with color and markings usually faded.

Bottom Line: This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively.Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear.Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of the Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China.

ABSTRACT
Tea green leafhopper is one of the most dominant pests in major tea production regions of East Asia. This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively. Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear. Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus