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Clarification of the Identity of the Tea Green Leafhopper Based on Morphological Comparison between Chinese and Japanese Specimens.

Qin D, Zhang L, Xiao Q, Dietrich C, Matsumura M - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively.Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear.Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of the Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China.

ABSTRACT
Tea green leafhopper is one of the most dominant pests in major tea production regions of East Asia. This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively. Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear. Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Adult of E. (M.) onukii Matsuda (alcohol preserved specimens from Kagoshima, Japan).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Female adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
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pone.0139202.g001: Adult of E. (M.) onukii Matsuda (alcohol preserved specimens from Kagoshima, Japan).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Female adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.

Mentions: The diagnosis of the tea green leafhopper from Japan was unclear before 1970s because the morphological description and illustrations of Matsuda (1952) were insufficient to show diagnostic features of the male genitalia [17]. This species became distinguishable after the work of Dworakowska (1971), who checked the male genital apparatus of the holotype and re-illustrated this species [32]. The Japanese leafhopper specimens in this study are identifiable as Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda based on the diagnostic features of male genitalia (aedeagus, paramere, anal tube appendage and abdominal apodemes) as shown by Dworakowska (1971) [32] (Figs 1 and 2).


Clarification of the Identity of the Tea Green Leafhopper Based on Morphological Comparison between Chinese and Japanese Specimens.

Qin D, Zhang L, Xiao Q, Dietrich C, Matsumura M - PLoS ONE (2015)

Adult of E. (M.) onukii Matsuda (alcohol preserved specimens from Kagoshima, Japan).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Female adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4589377&req=5

pone.0139202.g001: Adult of E. (M.) onukii Matsuda (alcohol preserved specimens from Kagoshima, Japan).(A) Male adult, dorsal view. (B) Female adult, left lateral view. (C) Head and thorax, dorsal view. (D) Face. Scale bars: (A)–(C) = 0.5 mm; (D) = 0.2 mm.
Mentions: The diagnosis of the tea green leafhopper from Japan was unclear before 1970s because the morphological description and illustrations of Matsuda (1952) were insufficient to show diagnostic features of the male genitalia [17]. This species became distinguishable after the work of Dworakowska (1971), who checked the male genital apparatus of the holotype and re-illustrated this species [32]. The Japanese leafhopper specimens in this study are identifiable as Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda based on the diagnostic features of male genitalia (aedeagus, paramere, anal tube appendage and abdominal apodemes) as shown by Dworakowska (1971) [32] (Figs 1 and 2).

Bottom Line: This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively.Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear.Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of the Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China.

ABSTRACT
Tea green leafhopper is one of the most dominant pests in major tea production regions of East Asia. This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively. Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear. Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus