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Determining exon connectivity in complex mRNAs by nanopore sequencing.

Bolisetty MT, Rajadinakaran G, Graveley BR - Genome Biol. (2015)

Bottom Line: Short-read high-throughput RNA sequencing, though powerful, is limited in its ability to directly measure exon connectivity in mRNAs that contain multiple alternative exons located farther apart than the maximum read length.Here, we use the Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencer to identify 7,899 'full-length' isoforms expressed from four Drosophila genes, Dscam1, MRP, Mhc, and Rdl.These results demonstrate that nanopore sequencing can be used to deconvolute individual isoforms and that it has the potential to be a powerful method for comprehensive transcriptome characterization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences, Institute for Systems Genomics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA.

ABSTRACT
Short-read high-throughput RNA sequencing, though powerful, is limited in its ability to directly measure exon connectivity in mRNAs that contain multiple alternative exons located farther apart than the maximum read length. Here, we use the Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencer to identify 7,899 'full-length' isoforms expressed from four Drosophila genes, Dscam1, MRP, Mhc, and Rdl. These results demonstrate that nanopore sequencing can be used to deconvolute individual isoforms and that it has the potential to be a powerful method for comprehensive transcriptome characterization.

No MeSH data available.


Similarity distance between the variable alternative exons of MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1. a Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within MRP cluster 1 and MRP cluster 2 to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. b Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Mhc cluster to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. c Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Dscam1 cluster to themselves (1st), and to the exons with the second (2nd), third (3rd) and fourth (4th) best alignments
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Fig2: Similarity distance between the variable alternative exons of MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1. a Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within MRP cluster 1 and MRP cluster 2 to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. b Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Mhc cluster to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. c Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Dscam1 cluster to themselves (1st), and to the exons with the second (2nd), third (3rd) and fourth (4th) best alignments

Mentions: Because our nanopore sequence analysis pipeline uses LAST to perform alignments [8], we aligned all of the Rdl, MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1 exons within each cluster to one another using LAST to determine the extent of discrimination needed to accurately assign nanopore reads to a specific exon variant. For Rdl, each variable exon was only aligned to itself, and not to the other exon in the same cluster (data not shown). For MRP, the two exons within cluster 1 only align to themselves, and though the eight variable exons in cluster 2 do align to other exons, there is sufficient specificity to accurately assign nanopore reads to individual exons (Fig. 2a). For Mhc, the variable exons in cluster 1 and cluster 5 do not align to other exons, and the variable exons in cluster 2, cluster 3, and cluster 4 again align with sufficient discrimination to identify the precise exon present in the nanopore reads (Fig. 2b). Finally, for Dscam1, the difference in the LAST alignment scores between the best alignment (each exon to itself) and the second, third, and fourth best alignments are sufficient to identify the Dscam1 exon variant (Fig. 2c). This analysis indicates that for each gene in this study, LAST alignment scores are sufficiently distinct to identify the variable exons present in each nanopore read.Fig. 2


Determining exon connectivity in complex mRNAs by nanopore sequencing.

Bolisetty MT, Rajadinakaran G, Graveley BR - Genome Biol. (2015)

Similarity distance between the variable alternative exons of MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1. a Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within MRP cluster 1 and MRP cluster 2 to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. b Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Mhc cluster to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. c Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Dscam1 cluster to themselves (1st), and to the exons with the second (2nd), third (3rd) and fourth (4th) best alignments
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4588896&req=5

Fig2: Similarity distance between the variable alternative exons of MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1. a Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within MRP cluster 1 and MRP cluster 2 to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. b Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Mhc cluster to themselves and the second (2nd) best alignments. c Violin plots of the LAST alignment scores of each variable exon within each Dscam1 cluster to themselves (1st), and to the exons with the second (2nd), third (3rd) and fourth (4th) best alignments
Mentions: Because our nanopore sequence analysis pipeline uses LAST to perform alignments [8], we aligned all of the Rdl, MRP, Mhc, and Dscam1 exons within each cluster to one another using LAST to determine the extent of discrimination needed to accurately assign nanopore reads to a specific exon variant. For Rdl, each variable exon was only aligned to itself, and not to the other exon in the same cluster (data not shown). For MRP, the two exons within cluster 1 only align to themselves, and though the eight variable exons in cluster 2 do align to other exons, there is sufficient specificity to accurately assign nanopore reads to individual exons (Fig. 2a). For Mhc, the variable exons in cluster 1 and cluster 5 do not align to other exons, and the variable exons in cluster 2, cluster 3, and cluster 4 again align with sufficient discrimination to identify the precise exon present in the nanopore reads (Fig. 2b). Finally, for Dscam1, the difference in the LAST alignment scores between the best alignment (each exon to itself) and the second, third, and fourth best alignments are sufficient to identify the Dscam1 exon variant (Fig. 2c). This analysis indicates that for each gene in this study, LAST alignment scores are sufficiently distinct to identify the variable exons present in each nanopore read.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Short-read high-throughput RNA sequencing, though powerful, is limited in its ability to directly measure exon connectivity in mRNAs that contain multiple alternative exons located farther apart than the maximum read length.Here, we use the Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencer to identify 7,899 'full-length' isoforms expressed from four Drosophila genes, Dscam1, MRP, Mhc, and Rdl.These results demonstrate that nanopore sequencing can be used to deconvolute individual isoforms and that it has the potential to be a powerful method for comprehensive transcriptome characterization.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences, Institute for Systems Genomics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA.

ABSTRACT
Short-read high-throughput RNA sequencing, though powerful, is limited in its ability to directly measure exon connectivity in mRNAs that contain multiple alternative exons located farther apart than the maximum read length. Here, we use the Oxford Nanopore MinION sequencer to identify 7,899 'full-length' isoforms expressed from four Drosophila genes, Dscam1, MRP, Mhc, and Rdl. These results demonstrate that nanopore sequencing can be used to deconvolute individual isoforms and that it has the potential to be a powerful method for comprehensive transcriptome characterization.

No MeSH data available.