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Correlation of Condylar Guidance Determined by Panoramic Radiographs to One Determined by Conventional Methods.

Godavarthi AS, Sajjan MC, Raju AV, Rajeshkumar P, Premalatha A, Chava N - J Int Oral Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Hanau articulator was modified to record the angulations to the accuracy of 1°.Readings were recorded and analyzed by Freidman's test and t-test.Condylar guidance values obtained by the interocclusal method and radiographic method in dentate individuals on the right side and left side 40.55°, and 37.1°, and 40.15°, and 34.75°, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics & Implantology, Gitam Dental College, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To evaluate the feasibility of using panoramic radiographs as an alternative to an interocclusal recording method for determining the condylar guidance in dentate and edentulous conditions.

Materials and methods: 20 dentulous individuals with an age range of 20-30 years and 20 edentulous patients of 40-65 years were selected. An interocclusal bite registration was done in protrusive position for all the subjects. Orthopantomographs were made for all patients in open mouth position. Hanau articulator was modified to record the angulations to the accuracy of 1°. Tracing of glenoid fossa on radiograph was done to measure the condylar guidance angles. Readings were recorded and analyzed by Freidman's test and t-test.

Results: Condylar guidance values obtained by the interocclusal method and radiographic method in dentate individuals on the right side and left side 40.55°, and 37.1°, and 40.15°, and 34.75°, respectively. In the edentulous individuals, the values on the right side and left side was 36.7° and 36.1° and 35.95° and 33.6,° respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P = < 0.001) in dentate group and was not statistically significant (P = 0.6493) in edentulous group.

Conclusion: Panoramic radiograph can be used as an alternative to interocclusal technique only in edentulous patients. Further studies comparing panoramic radiograph to jaw tracking devices would substantiate the results of this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of mean values of horizontal condylar guidance angles of the right and left sides obtained by the interocclusal record and radiographic method in the edentulous group.
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Figure 6: Comparison of mean values of horizontal condylar guidance angles of the right and left sides obtained by the interocclusal record and radiographic method in the edentulous group.

Mentions: In edentulous situation before insertion of denture the over jet and overbite do not play any role in determining the amount of disclusion hence the resultant condylar guidance is purely due to the downward and forward movement of the condyle. The condylar angles obtained by both the interocclusal and radiographic methods were relatively close with a mean ranging between 2° and 3° (Graph 2).


Correlation of Condylar Guidance Determined by Panoramic Radiographs to One Determined by Conventional Methods.

Godavarthi AS, Sajjan MC, Raju AV, Rajeshkumar P, Premalatha A, Chava N - J Int Oral Health (2015)

Comparison of mean values of horizontal condylar guidance angles of the right and left sides obtained by the interocclusal record and radiographic method in the edentulous group.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4588777&req=5

Figure 6: Comparison of mean values of horizontal condylar guidance angles of the right and left sides obtained by the interocclusal record and radiographic method in the edentulous group.
Mentions: In edentulous situation before insertion of denture the over jet and overbite do not play any role in determining the amount of disclusion hence the resultant condylar guidance is purely due to the downward and forward movement of the condyle. The condylar angles obtained by both the interocclusal and radiographic methods were relatively close with a mean ranging between 2° and 3° (Graph 2).

Bottom Line: Hanau articulator was modified to record the angulations to the accuracy of 1°.Readings were recorded and analyzed by Freidman's test and t-test.Condylar guidance values obtained by the interocclusal method and radiographic method in dentate individuals on the right side and left side 40.55°, and 37.1°, and 40.15°, and 34.75°, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Senior Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics & Implantology, Gitam Dental College, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: To evaluate the feasibility of using panoramic radiographs as an alternative to an interocclusal recording method for determining the condylar guidance in dentate and edentulous conditions.

Materials and methods: 20 dentulous individuals with an age range of 20-30 years and 20 edentulous patients of 40-65 years were selected. An interocclusal bite registration was done in protrusive position for all the subjects. Orthopantomographs were made for all patients in open mouth position. Hanau articulator was modified to record the angulations to the accuracy of 1°. Tracing of glenoid fossa on radiograph was done to measure the condylar guidance angles. Readings were recorded and analyzed by Freidman's test and t-test.

Results: Condylar guidance values obtained by the interocclusal method and radiographic method in dentate individuals on the right side and left side 40.55°, and 37.1°, and 40.15°, and 34.75°, respectively. In the edentulous individuals, the values on the right side and left side was 36.7° and 36.1° and 35.95° and 33.6,° respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P = < 0.001) in dentate group and was not statistically significant (P = 0.6493) in edentulous group.

Conclusion: Panoramic radiograph can be used as an alternative to interocclusal technique only in edentulous patients. Further studies comparing panoramic radiograph to jaw tracking devices would substantiate the results of this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus