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Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations.

Julia C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Deschamps V, Méjean C, Fézeu L, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E - Nutr J (2015)

Bottom Line: Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group.The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands.Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Université Paris 13, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra(U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, F-93017, Bobigny, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Our objectives were to assess the performance of the 5-Colour nutrition label (5-CNL) front-of-pack nutrition label based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system to discriminate nutritional quality of foods currently on the market in France and its consistency with French nutritional recommendations.

Methods: Nutritional composition of 7777 foods available on the French market collected from the web-based collaborative project Open Food Facts were retrieved. Distribution of products across the 5-CNL categories according to food groups, as arranged in supermarket shelves was assessed. Distribution of similar products from different brands in the 5-CNL categories was also assessed. Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group. In the case of discrepancies between the category allocation and French nutritional recommendations, adaptations of the original score were proposed.

Results: Overall, the distribution of foodstuffs in the 5-CNL categories was consistent with French recommendations: 95.4% of 'Fruits and vegetables', 72.5% of 'Cereals and potatoes' were classified as 'Green' or 'Yellow' whereas 86.0% of 'Sugary snacks' were classified as 'Pink' or 'Red'. Adaptations to the original FSA score computation model were necessary for beverages, added fats and cheese in order to be consistent with French official nutritional recommendations.

Conclusion: The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands. Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

No MeSH data available.


Diagram of the methods used to investigate the performance of the 5-CNL in French market foods and beverages
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Fig2: Diagram of the methods used to investigate the performance of the 5-CNL in French market foods and beverages

Mentions: Our objectives were 1) to apply the 5-CNL using the original FSA score to foods and beverages currently on the market; 2) to investigate : the consistency of the 5-CNL against French nutritional recommendations and its discriminant performance at three levels of detail: across food groups, within a food group, and for similar products from different brands; 3) to offer and discuss potential adaptations of the original model in case of discrepancy between 5-CNL allocation and recommendations and 4) to retest consistency and discriminant performance of the 5-CNL using the modified score (Fig. 2).Fig. 3


Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations.

Julia C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Deschamps V, Méjean C, Fézeu L, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E - Nutr J (2015)

Diagram of the methods used to investigate the performance of the 5-CNL in French market foods and beverages
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4587869&req=5

Fig2: Diagram of the methods used to investigate the performance of the 5-CNL in French market foods and beverages
Mentions: Our objectives were 1) to apply the 5-CNL using the original FSA score to foods and beverages currently on the market; 2) to investigate : the consistency of the 5-CNL against French nutritional recommendations and its discriminant performance at three levels of detail: across food groups, within a food group, and for similar products from different brands; 3) to offer and discuss potential adaptations of the original model in case of discrepancy between 5-CNL allocation and recommendations and 4) to retest consistency and discriminant performance of the 5-CNL using the modified score (Fig. 2).Fig. 3

Bottom Line: Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group.The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands.Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Université Paris 13, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra(U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, F-93017, Bobigny, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Our objectives were to assess the performance of the 5-Colour nutrition label (5-CNL) front-of-pack nutrition label based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system to discriminate nutritional quality of foods currently on the market in France and its consistency with French nutritional recommendations.

Methods: Nutritional composition of 7777 foods available on the French market collected from the web-based collaborative project Open Food Facts were retrieved. Distribution of products across the 5-CNL categories according to food groups, as arranged in supermarket shelves was assessed. Distribution of similar products from different brands in the 5-CNL categories was also assessed. Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group. In the case of discrepancies between the category allocation and French nutritional recommendations, adaptations of the original score were proposed.

Results: Overall, the distribution of foodstuffs in the 5-CNL categories was consistent with French recommendations: 95.4% of 'Fruits and vegetables', 72.5% of 'Cereals and potatoes' were classified as 'Green' or 'Yellow' whereas 86.0% of 'Sugary snacks' were classified as 'Pink' or 'Red'. Adaptations to the original FSA score computation model were necessary for beverages, added fats and cheese in order to be consistent with French official nutritional recommendations.

Conclusion: The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands. Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

No MeSH data available.