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Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations.

Julia C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Deschamps V, Méjean C, Fézeu L, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E - Nutr J (2015)

Bottom Line: Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group.The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands.Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Université Paris 13, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra(U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, F-93017, Bobigny, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Our objectives were to assess the performance of the 5-Colour nutrition label (5-CNL) front-of-pack nutrition label based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system to discriminate nutritional quality of foods currently on the market in France and its consistency with French nutritional recommendations.

Methods: Nutritional composition of 7777 foods available on the French market collected from the web-based collaborative project Open Food Facts were retrieved. Distribution of products across the 5-CNL categories according to food groups, as arranged in supermarket shelves was assessed. Distribution of similar products from different brands in the 5-CNL categories was also assessed. Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group. In the case of discrepancies between the category allocation and French nutritional recommendations, adaptations of the original score were proposed.

Results: Overall, the distribution of foodstuffs in the 5-CNL categories was consistent with French recommendations: 95.4% of 'Fruits and vegetables', 72.5% of 'Cereals and potatoes' were classified as 'Green' or 'Yellow' whereas 86.0% of 'Sugary snacks' were classified as 'Pink' or 'Red'. Adaptations to the original FSA score computation model were necessary for beverages, added fats and cheese in order to be consistent with French official nutritional recommendations.

Conclusion: The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands. Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

No MeSH data available.


Examples of foods for which consumption is recommended and for which consumption should be limited and corresponding labelling
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Fig1: Examples of foods for which consumption is recommended and for which consumption should be limited and corresponding labelling

Mentions: Beside these population-wide disseminated recommendations, recent propositions in public health nutrition in France have put forward the use of a front-of-pack nutrition label on foodstuffs, as a complementary public health tool. This label would summarize the nutritional quality of the food or beverage [9], based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSA NPS score, named FSA score throughout the manuscript) [10–12]. The proposed format for the label would include five color-coded categories of nutritional quality (the 5-CNL), and presented in the form of a chain of five discs of the different colors (Green/yellow/orange/pink/red), with a larger disc representing the nutritional quality of the product (see Additional file 1: Table S1 and Fig. 1). Corresponding letters from A to E would be added in each disc to improve its readability. A/Green labelled foods correspond to foods which consumption is recommended, whereas E/Red labelled foods correspond to foods which consumption should be limited. The objective of this label would be to help consumers making healthier food choices at the point of purchase.Fig. 1


Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color nutrition label in the French food market: consistency with nutritional recommendations.

Julia C, Ducrot P, Péneau S, Deschamps V, Méjean C, Fézeu L, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Kesse-Guyot E - Nutr J (2015)

Examples of foods for which consumption is recommended and for which consumption should be limited and corresponding labelling
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4587869&req=5

Fig1: Examples of foods for which consumption is recommended and for which consumption should be limited and corresponding labelling
Mentions: Beside these population-wide disseminated recommendations, recent propositions in public health nutrition in France have put forward the use of a front-of-pack nutrition label on foodstuffs, as a complementary public health tool. This label would summarize the nutritional quality of the food or beverage [9], based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSA NPS score, named FSA score throughout the manuscript) [10–12]. The proposed format for the label would include five color-coded categories of nutritional quality (the 5-CNL), and presented in the form of a chain of five discs of the different colors (Green/yellow/orange/pink/red), with a larger disc representing the nutritional quality of the product (see Additional file 1: Table S1 and Fig. 1). Corresponding letters from A to E would be added in each disc to improve its readability. A/Green labelled foods correspond to foods which consumption is recommended, whereas E/Red labelled foods correspond to foods which consumption should be limited. The objective of this label would be to help consumers making healthier food choices at the point of purchase.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group.The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands.Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Université Paris 13, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra(U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, F-93017, Bobigny, France. c.julia@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.fr.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Our objectives were to assess the performance of the 5-Colour nutrition label (5-CNL) front-of-pack nutrition label based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system to discriminate nutritional quality of foods currently on the market in France and its consistency with French nutritional recommendations.

Methods: Nutritional composition of 7777 foods available on the French market collected from the web-based collaborative project Open Food Facts were retrieved. Distribution of products across the 5-CNL categories according to food groups, as arranged in supermarket shelves was assessed. Distribution of similar products from different brands in the 5-CNL categories was also assessed. Discriminating performance was considered as the number of color categories present in each food group. In the case of discrepancies between the category allocation and French nutritional recommendations, adaptations of the original score were proposed.

Results: Overall, the distribution of foodstuffs in the 5-CNL categories was consistent with French recommendations: 95.4% of 'Fruits and vegetables', 72.5% of 'Cereals and potatoes' were classified as 'Green' or 'Yellow' whereas 86.0% of 'Sugary snacks' were classified as 'Pink' or 'Red'. Adaptations to the original FSA score computation model were necessary for beverages, added fats and cheese in order to be consistent with French official nutritional recommendations.

Conclusion: The 5-CNL label displays a high performance in discriminating nutritional quality of foods across food groups, within a food group and for similar products from different brands. Adaptations from the original model were necessary to maintain consistency with French recommendations and high performance of the system.

No MeSH data available.