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Interoception and the uneasiness of the mind: affect as perceptual style.

Petersen S, von Leupoldt A, den Bergh OV - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: We suggest that a predictive coding perspective allows acknowledging affect as integral part of information processing.We outline how well-established methods, for example, from categorization research may allow quantifying this influence of affect on perception in empirical tests of predictive coding models.We discuss how this may enrich the study of the relationship between affect and interoception and may have important clinical relevance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Health and Behaviour, University of Luxembourg , Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg ; Research Group on Health Psychology , KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

ABSTRACT
Autonomous system models of interoception describe perception of bodily sensations as an active process in which the brain generates and tests hypotheses about the body on the basis of proximal information. This view of perception as inference allows a new perspective on the role of affect in perception. Affect and interoception are closely linked, but processes underlying this link are poorly understood. We suggest that a predictive coding perspective allows acknowledging affect as integral part of information processing. We outline how affect may intrinsically modify processes of interoception by acting as threshold mechanism in stimulus grouping and information compression. We outline how well-established methods, for example, from categorization research may allow quantifying this influence of affect on perception in empirical tests of predictive coding models. We discuss how this may enrich the study of the relationship between affect and interoception and may have important clinical relevance.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Level 4 presents the concept dyspnea as superordinate category, Level 3 presents examples of subordinate categories that can define the superordinate category on Level 4. Level 2 and 1 represent the variability of experience within each subordinate category. Level y presents the level of sensory data. Please note that for the sake of simplicity, we present only three of the multiple experiential categories which may be included in the experience of dyspnea. Please note also that this example represents the experience reported by one single person and is not intended to be a general model of dyspnea perception.
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Figure 1: Level 4 presents the concept dyspnea as superordinate category, Level 3 presents examples of subordinate categories that can define the superordinate category on Level 4. Level 2 and 1 represent the variability of experience within each subordinate category. Level y presents the level of sensory data. Please note that for the sake of simplicity, we present only three of the multiple experiential categories which may be included in the experience of dyspnea. Please note also that this example represents the experience reported by one single person and is not intended to be a general model of dyspnea perception.

Mentions: Interoception, just as exteroception, means taking “inductive leaps given very sparse data” (Kemp et al., 2007). Leaps may be made in both directions, from sensation levels to conclusion about categories, or from categories to sensations. Interoceptive categories are seldom fully distinct and misclassification (leaps to the wrong branch) can easily occur. Figure 1 illustrates overlap between interoceptive categories using the example of asthma and sports. Mistaking breathlessness during exercise as a symptom of respiratory disease may lead to exercise avoidance, reduced physical fitness, and disease aggravation (Wanrooij et al., 2014).


Interoception and the uneasiness of the mind: affect as perceptual style.

Petersen S, von Leupoldt A, den Bergh OV - Front Psychol (2015)

Level 4 presents the concept dyspnea as superordinate category, Level 3 presents examples of subordinate categories that can define the superordinate category on Level 4. Level 2 and 1 represent the variability of experience within each subordinate category. Level y presents the level of sensory data. Please note that for the sake of simplicity, we present only three of the multiple experiential categories which may be included in the experience of dyspnea. Please note also that this example represents the experience reported by one single person and is not intended to be a general model of dyspnea perception.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4585108&req=5

Figure 1: Level 4 presents the concept dyspnea as superordinate category, Level 3 presents examples of subordinate categories that can define the superordinate category on Level 4. Level 2 and 1 represent the variability of experience within each subordinate category. Level y presents the level of sensory data. Please note that for the sake of simplicity, we present only three of the multiple experiential categories which may be included in the experience of dyspnea. Please note also that this example represents the experience reported by one single person and is not intended to be a general model of dyspnea perception.
Mentions: Interoception, just as exteroception, means taking “inductive leaps given very sparse data” (Kemp et al., 2007). Leaps may be made in both directions, from sensation levels to conclusion about categories, or from categories to sensations. Interoceptive categories are seldom fully distinct and misclassification (leaps to the wrong branch) can easily occur. Figure 1 illustrates overlap between interoceptive categories using the example of asthma and sports. Mistaking breathlessness during exercise as a symptom of respiratory disease may lead to exercise avoidance, reduced physical fitness, and disease aggravation (Wanrooij et al., 2014).

Bottom Line: We suggest that a predictive coding perspective allows acknowledging affect as integral part of information processing.We outline how well-established methods, for example, from categorization research may allow quantifying this influence of affect on perception in empirical tests of predictive coding models.We discuss how this may enrich the study of the relationship between affect and interoception and may have important clinical relevance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Health and Behaviour, University of Luxembourg , Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg ; Research Group on Health Psychology , KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

ABSTRACT
Autonomous system models of interoception describe perception of bodily sensations as an active process in which the brain generates and tests hypotheses about the body on the basis of proximal information. This view of perception as inference allows a new perspective on the role of affect in perception. Affect and interoception are closely linked, but processes underlying this link are poorly understood. We suggest that a predictive coding perspective allows acknowledging affect as integral part of information processing. We outline how affect may intrinsically modify processes of interoception by acting as threshold mechanism in stimulus grouping and information compression. We outline how well-established methods, for example, from categorization research may allow quantifying this influence of affect on perception in empirical tests of predictive coding models. We discuss how this may enrich the study of the relationship between affect and interoception and may have important clinical relevance.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus