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Changes in the distribution of mechanically dependent plants along a gradient of past hurricane impact.

Batke SP, Kelly DL - AoB Plants (2015)

Bottom Line: The severity of the effects that large disturbance events such as hurricanes can have on the forest canopy and the associated mechanically dependent plant community (epiphytes, climbers, etc.) is dependent on the frequency and intensity of the disturbance events.For holo- and hemi-epiphytes, we found that diversity was significantly negatively related to past hurricane impact.We believe that more emphasis needs to be placed on the effects that past disturbance events have on mechanically dependent plant communities, particularly in areas that are prone to catastrophic perturbations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland Operation Wallacea, Hope House, Old Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire PE23 4EX, UK batkesp@gmail.com.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Boxplot and kernel density plot of the Simpson's diversity index in relation to predicted hurricane impact for the EVSS south solution (southerly wind direction = best fit solution). Significant differences (α = 0.05) between impact levels are indicated by letters.
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PLV096F3: Boxplot and kernel density plot of the Simpson's diversity index in relation to predicted hurricane impact for the EVSS south solution (southerly wind direction = best fit solution). Significant differences (α = 0.05) between impact levels are indicated by letters.

Mentions: Dependent plant diversity decreased with increasing predicted hurricane damage (Simpson's diversity index, ρ = −0.68, P < 0.01 and species richness, ρ = −0.57, P < 0.01; Fig. 3). Similarly, species richness and diversity were negatively correlated with increased canopy openness (richness: ρ = −0.369, DF = 59, P < 0.01; Simpson's diversity: ρ = −0.531, DF = 59, P < 0.01). Pairwise comparisons revealed that closed canopies were significantly different (both in terms of diversity and species richness) compared with intermediate and open canopies. However, intermediate canopies did not differ significantly from open canopies. Furthermore, dependent plant diversity (but not richness) was correlated with tree type: conifer trees had a significantly lower dependent plant diversity compared with angiosperm trees (Simpson's diversity: conifer D′ = 0.79, ρ = −0.311, DF = 17, R2 = 0.84, P = 0.03, versus angiosperms D′ = 0.84, richness: ρ = −0.221, DF = 41, R2 = 0.01, P > 0.05).Figure 3.


Changes in the distribution of mechanically dependent plants along a gradient of past hurricane impact.

Batke SP, Kelly DL - AoB Plants (2015)

Boxplot and kernel density plot of the Simpson's diversity index in relation to predicted hurricane impact for the EVSS south solution (southerly wind direction = best fit solution). Significant differences (α = 0.05) between impact levels are indicated by letters.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4584959&req=5

PLV096F3: Boxplot and kernel density plot of the Simpson's diversity index in relation to predicted hurricane impact for the EVSS south solution (southerly wind direction = best fit solution). Significant differences (α = 0.05) between impact levels are indicated by letters.
Mentions: Dependent plant diversity decreased with increasing predicted hurricane damage (Simpson's diversity index, ρ = −0.68, P < 0.01 and species richness, ρ = −0.57, P < 0.01; Fig. 3). Similarly, species richness and diversity were negatively correlated with increased canopy openness (richness: ρ = −0.369, DF = 59, P < 0.01; Simpson's diversity: ρ = −0.531, DF = 59, P < 0.01). Pairwise comparisons revealed that closed canopies were significantly different (both in terms of diversity and species richness) compared with intermediate and open canopies. However, intermediate canopies did not differ significantly from open canopies. Furthermore, dependent plant diversity (but not richness) was correlated with tree type: conifer trees had a significantly lower dependent plant diversity compared with angiosperm trees (Simpson's diversity: conifer D′ = 0.79, ρ = −0.311, DF = 17, R2 = 0.84, P = 0.03, versus angiosperms D′ = 0.84, richness: ρ = −0.221, DF = 41, R2 = 0.01, P > 0.05).Figure 3.

Bottom Line: The severity of the effects that large disturbance events such as hurricanes can have on the forest canopy and the associated mechanically dependent plant community (epiphytes, climbers, etc.) is dependent on the frequency and intensity of the disturbance events.For holo- and hemi-epiphytes, we found that diversity was significantly negatively related to past hurricane impact.We believe that more emphasis needs to be placed on the effects that past disturbance events have on mechanically dependent plant communities, particularly in areas that are prone to catastrophic perturbations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland Operation Wallacea, Hope House, Old Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire PE23 4EX, UK batkesp@gmail.com.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus