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Cytotoxic evaluation of volatile oil from Descurainia sophia seeds on MCF-7 and HeLa cell lines.

Khodarahmi E, Asghari GH, Hassanzadeh F, Mirian M, Khodarahmi GA - Res Pharm Sci (2015 Mar-Apr)

Bottom Line: No significant differences were observed between cytotoxic activities of E1, E2 and E3 on MCF-7 cell line.Concomitant use of E1 and E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxurubicin (1 μM) significantly reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells compared to the negative control, doxorubicin alone, or each volatile fraction.The same result was obtained on HeLa cells, when E1 (100 μg/ml) was concurrently used with doxorubicin (1 μM).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran.

ABSTRACT
Descurainia sophia is a plant widely distributed and used as folk medicine throughout the world. Different extracts of aerial parts and seeds of this plant have been shown to inhibit the growth of different cancer cell lines in vitro. In this study, cytotoxic activity of D. sophia seed volatile oil was evaluated. D. sophia seed powder was mixed with distilled water and left at 25 °C for 17 h (E1), 23 h (E2) and 28 h (E3) to autolyse. Then, the volatile fractions of E1, E2, and E3 were collected after steam distillation for 3 h. Cytotoxic effects of the volatile oils alone or in combination with doxorubicin (mixture of E1 or E2 at 50 μg/ml or E1 at 100 μg/ml with doxorubicin at 0.1, 1, 10 μM) against MCF-7 cell line were determined using MTT assay. Cytotoxic effect of E1 volatile oil was also determined on HeLa cell line. The results indicated that 1-buten-4-isothiocyanate was the major isothiocyanate found in the volatile oils. The results of cytotoxic evaluations showed that volatile constituents were more toxic on MCF-7 cells with IC50< 100 μg/ml than HeLa cells with IC50> 100 μg/ml. No significant differences were observed between cytotoxic activities of E1, E2 and E3 on MCF-7 cell line. Concomitant use of E1 and E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxurubicin (1 μM) significantly reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells compared to the negative control, doxorubicin alone, or each volatile fraction. The same result was obtained on HeLa cells, when E1 (100 μg/ml) was concurrently used with doxorubicin (1 μM).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Effects of co-administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) and doxorubicin (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) on viability of MCF-7 cell line (5 × 104 cell/ml). Cell viability was assessed using the MTT method. Data are presented as mean ± SD, n=3. ■, • and ▲ representing P<0.05 comparing to the negative (-ve) control, doxorubicin and E1, respectively.
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Figure 3: Effects of co-administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) and doxorubicin (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) on viability of MCF-7 cell line (5 × 104 cell/ml). Cell viability was assessed using the MTT method. Data are presented as mean ± SD, n=3. ■, • and ▲ representing P<0.05 comparing to the negative (-ve) control, doxorubicin and E1, respectively.

Mentions: The results of concurrent administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxorubicin at different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10 μM) on MCF-7 cells are shown in Fig. 3. E2 indicated synergic effect with all concentrations of doxorubicin (P<0.05). However, the mixture of E2 at 50 μg/ml and doxorubicin at1 μM was the most effective combination.


Cytotoxic evaluation of volatile oil from Descurainia sophia seeds on MCF-7 and HeLa cell lines.

Khodarahmi E, Asghari GH, Hassanzadeh F, Mirian M, Khodarahmi GA - Res Pharm Sci (2015 Mar-Apr)

Effects of co-administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) and doxorubicin (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) on viability of MCF-7 cell line (5 × 104 cell/ml). Cell viability was assessed using the MTT method. Data are presented as mean ± SD, n=3. ■, • and ▲ representing P<0.05 comparing to the negative (-ve) control, doxorubicin and E1, respectively.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4584456&req=5

Figure 3: Effects of co-administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) and doxorubicin (0.1, 1 and 10 μM) on viability of MCF-7 cell line (5 × 104 cell/ml). Cell viability was assessed using the MTT method. Data are presented as mean ± SD, n=3. ■, • and ▲ representing P<0.05 comparing to the negative (-ve) control, doxorubicin and E1, respectively.
Mentions: The results of concurrent administration of E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxorubicin at different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10 μM) on MCF-7 cells are shown in Fig. 3. E2 indicated synergic effect with all concentrations of doxorubicin (P<0.05). However, the mixture of E2 at 50 μg/ml and doxorubicin at1 μM was the most effective combination.

Bottom Line: No significant differences were observed between cytotoxic activities of E1, E2 and E3 on MCF-7 cell line.Concomitant use of E1 and E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxurubicin (1 μM) significantly reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells compared to the negative control, doxorubicin alone, or each volatile fraction.The same result was obtained on HeLa cells, when E1 (100 μg/ml) was concurrently used with doxorubicin (1 μM).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran.

ABSTRACT
Descurainia sophia is a plant widely distributed and used as folk medicine throughout the world. Different extracts of aerial parts and seeds of this plant have been shown to inhibit the growth of different cancer cell lines in vitro. In this study, cytotoxic activity of D. sophia seed volatile oil was evaluated. D. sophia seed powder was mixed with distilled water and left at 25 °C for 17 h (E1), 23 h (E2) and 28 h (E3) to autolyse. Then, the volatile fractions of E1, E2, and E3 were collected after steam distillation for 3 h. Cytotoxic effects of the volatile oils alone or in combination with doxorubicin (mixture of E1 or E2 at 50 μg/ml or E1 at 100 μg/ml with doxorubicin at 0.1, 1, 10 μM) against MCF-7 cell line were determined using MTT assay. Cytotoxic effect of E1 volatile oil was also determined on HeLa cell line. The results indicated that 1-buten-4-isothiocyanate was the major isothiocyanate found in the volatile oils. The results of cytotoxic evaluations showed that volatile constituents were more toxic on MCF-7 cells with IC50< 100 μg/ml than HeLa cells with IC50> 100 μg/ml. No significant differences were observed between cytotoxic activities of E1, E2 and E3 on MCF-7 cell line. Concomitant use of E1 and E2 (50 μg/ml) with doxurubicin (1 μM) significantly reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells compared to the negative control, doxorubicin alone, or each volatile fraction. The same result was obtained on HeLa cells, when E1 (100 μg/ml) was concurrently used with doxorubicin (1 μM).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus