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Transplantation of vascular endothelial growth factor 165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells for the treatment of limb ischemia.

Wang S, Chen Z, Tang X, Liu H, Yang L, Wang Y - Mol Med Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified.The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B.VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of neovascularization in rabbits with limb ischemia transplanted with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). Bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated by gradient centrifugation, cultured in M199 culture medium and induced into EPCs using VEGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, and insulin‑like growth factor‑1, and subsequently identified. The EPCs were transfected with Adv‑green fluorescent protein‑VEGF165 and the proliferation potential of the cells was determined using an MTT assay. The protein expression levels of VEGF were measured by detecting its concentration levels in the supernatant using an ABC‑ELISA assay. A rabbit hind limb ischemic model was established and randomly divided into three groups: (A) Control group, (B) EPC‑transplanted group, and (C) Ad‑VEGF165/EPCs‑transplanted group. The effects of transplantation and the levels of recanalization were detected. Incorporation of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region was confirmed by 5‑bromodeoxyuridine staining, and the levels of recanalization were measured by computer tomography ateriography and immunohistochemical staining. Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified. The results of the present study determined the optimum transfection ratio that promoted the growth of EPCs. The EPCs were successfully transfected with VEGF165, and EPC proliferation was not affected by the transfection. The supernatant protein concentration levels of VEGF were markedly higher in the VEGF165‑transfected group, as compared with those of the control group. Introduction of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region of group C occurred more efficiently, as compared with groups A and B. The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B. VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

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(A) Distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limbs following ischemic experimentation. (B) Two New Zealand rabbits from each group were transplanted with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu)-labeled endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and the Brdu positive cells (brown) were observed. Magnification, ×200.
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f6-mmr-12-04-4967: (A) Distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limbs following ischemic experimentation. (B) Two New Zealand rabbits from each group were transplanted with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu)-labeled endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and the Brdu positive cells (brown) were observed. Magnification, ×200.

Mentions: A total of 24 h following ischemic experimentation, the effects of ischemia were examined by CTA. As shown in Fig. 6A, distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limb. Two New Zealand rabbits in each group were transplanted with Brdu-labeled EPCs, as previously described. On the 7th day following transplantation, the gastrocnemius muscle of the ischemic limbs was sectioned and frozen, prior to being assayed by Brdu-immunohistochemical staining. Brdu-positive cells (brown) were observed (Fig. 6B), indicating the survival of transplanted EPCs and directional integration of the cells into the ischemic area, as well as EPC-induced angiogenesis.


Transplantation of vascular endothelial growth factor 165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells for the treatment of limb ischemia.

Wang S, Chen Z, Tang X, Liu H, Yang L, Wang Y - Mol Med Rep (2015)

(A) Distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limbs following ischemic experimentation. (B) Two New Zealand rabbits from each group were transplanted with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu)-labeled endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and the Brdu positive cells (brown) were observed. Magnification, ×200.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581802&req=5

f6-mmr-12-04-4967: (A) Distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limbs following ischemic experimentation. (B) Two New Zealand rabbits from each group were transplanted with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu)-labeled endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and the Brdu positive cells (brown) were observed. Magnification, ×200.
Mentions: A total of 24 h following ischemic experimentation, the effects of ischemia were examined by CTA. As shown in Fig. 6A, distal artery occlusion was observed in the ischemic limb. Two New Zealand rabbits in each group were transplanted with Brdu-labeled EPCs, as previously described. On the 7th day following transplantation, the gastrocnemius muscle of the ischemic limbs was sectioned and frozen, prior to being assayed by Brdu-immunohistochemical staining. Brdu-positive cells (brown) were observed (Fig. 6B), indicating the survival of transplanted EPCs and directional integration of the cells into the ischemic area, as well as EPC-induced angiogenesis.

Bottom Line: Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified.The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B.VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of neovascularization in rabbits with limb ischemia transplanted with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). Bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated by gradient centrifugation, cultured in M199 culture medium and induced into EPCs using VEGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, and insulin‑like growth factor‑1, and subsequently identified. The EPCs were transfected with Adv‑green fluorescent protein‑VEGF165 and the proliferation potential of the cells was determined using an MTT assay. The protein expression levels of VEGF were measured by detecting its concentration levels in the supernatant using an ABC‑ELISA assay. A rabbit hind limb ischemic model was established and randomly divided into three groups: (A) Control group, (B) EPC‑transplanted group, and (C) Ad‑VEGF165/EPCs‑transplanted group. The effects of transplantation and the levels of recanalization were detected. Incorporation of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region was confirmed by 5‑bromodeoxyuridine staining, and the levels of recanalization were measured by computer tomography ateriography and immunohistochemical staining. Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified. The results of the present study determined the optimum transfection ratio that promoted the growth of EPCs. The EPCs were successfully transfected with VEGF165, and EPC proliferation was not affected by the transfection. The supernatant protein concentration levels of VEGF were markedly higher in the VEGF165‑transfected group, as compared with those of the control group. Introduction of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region of group C occurred more efficiently, as compared with groups A and B. The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B. VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus