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Transplantation of vascular endothelial growth factor 165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells for the treatment of limb ischemia.

Wang S, Chen Z, Tang X, Liu H, Yang L, Wang Y - Mol Med Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified.The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B.VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of neovascularization in rabbits with limb ischemia transplanted with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). Bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated by gradient centrifugation, cultured in M199 culture medium and induced into EPCs using VEGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, and insulin‑like growth factor‑1, and subsequently identified. The EPCs were transfected with Adv‑green fluorescent protein‑VEGF165 and the proliferation potential of the cells was determined using an MTT assay. The protein expression levels of VEGF were measured by detecting its concentration levels in the supernatant using an ABC‑ELISA assay. A rabbit hind limb ischemic model was established and randomly divided into three groups: (A) Control group, (B) EPC‑transplanted group, and (C) Ad‑VEGF165/EPCs‑transplanted group. The effects of transplantation and the levels of recanalization were detected. Incorporation of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region was confirmed by 5‑bromodeoxyuridine staining, and the levels of recanalization were measured by computer tomography ateriography and immunohistochemical staining. Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified. The results of the present study determined the optimum transfection ratio that promoted the growth of EPCs. The EPCs were successfully transfected with VEGF165, and EPC proliferation was not affected by the transfection. The supernatant protein concentration levels of VEGF were markedly higher in the VEGF165‑transfected group, as compared with those of the control group. Introduction of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region of group C occurred more efficiently, as compared with groups A and B. The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B. VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

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Culture of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). (A and B) EPCs formed spindles. Magnification, ×20. (C) Numerous spindles were observed following 8 days of culture. (D) Following 14 days of culture, the EPCs fused together. Both magnification, ×10.
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f1-mmr-12-04-4967: Culture of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). (A and B) EPCs formed spindles. Magnification, ×20. (C) Numerous spindles were observed following 8 days of culture. (D) Following 14 days of culture, the EPCs fused together. Both magnification, ×10.

Mentions: A small number of primary cells adhered to the surface of the culture vessels following differentiation and 48–72 h culture. The number of adhering cells gradually increased, and formed spindles (Fig. 1A and B). Following eight days of culture, numerous spindles were observed, having formed by the connection of adherent cells growing in a straight line (Fig. 1C). These observations are characteristic of endothelial cells. Numerous cell masses appeared following 7–10 days culture, and the spindle cells formed a bud at the edge of the cell masses, this structure resembled a blood island. Following culture for ~14 days, the cells fused together forming large funicular structures (Fig. 1D).


Transplantation of vascular endothelial growth factor 165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells for the treatment of limb ischemia.

Wang S, Chen Z, Tang X, Liu H, Yang L, Wang Y - Mol Med Rep (2015)

Culture of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). (A and B) EPCs formed spindles. Magnification, ×20. (C) Numerous spindles were observed following 8 days of culture. (D) Following 14 days of culture, the EPCs fused together. Both magnification, ×10.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581802&req=5

f1-mmr-12-04-4967: Culture of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). (A and B) EPCs formed spindles. Magnification, ×20. (C) Numerous spindles were observed following 8 days of culture. (D) Following 14 days of culture, the EPCs fused together. Both magnification, ×10.
Mentions: A small number of primary cells adhered to the surface of the culture vessels following differentiation and 48–72 h culture. The number of adhering cells gradually increased, and formed spindles (Fig. 1A and B). Following eight days of culture, numerous spindles were observed, having formed by the connection of adherent cells growing in a straight line (Fig. 1C). These observations are characteristic of endothelial cells. Numerous cell masses appeared following 7–10 days culture, and the spindle cells formed a bud at the edge of the cell masses, this structure resembled a blood island. Following culture for ~14 days, the cells fused together forming large funicular structures (Fig. 1D).

Bottom Line: Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified.The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B.VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of neovascularization in rabbits with limb ischemia transplanted with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)165‑transfected endothelial progenitor cells (EPC). Bone marrow mononuclear cells were isolated by gradient centrifugation, cultured in M199 culture medium and induced into EPCs using VEGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, and insulin‑like growth factor‑1, and subsequently identified. The EPCs were transfected with Adv‑green fluorescent protein‑VEGF165 and the proliferation potential of the cells was determined using an MTT assay. The protein expression levels of VEGF were measured by detecting its concentration levels in the supernatant using an ABC‑ELISA assay. A rabbit hind limb ischemic model was established and randomly divided into three groups: (A) Control group, (B) EPC‑transplanted group, and (C) Ad‑VEGF165/EPCs‑transplanted group. The effects of transplantation and the levels of recanalization were detected. Incorporation of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region was confirmed by 5‑bromodeoxyuridine staining, and the levels of recanalization were measured by computer tomography ateriography and immunohistochemical staining. Bone marrow‑derived EPCs were induced, cultivated, and successfully identified. The results of the present study determined the optimum transfection ratio that promoted the growth of EPCs. The EPCs were successfully transfected with VEGF165, and EPC proliferation was not affected by the transfection. The supernatant protein concentration levels of VEGF were markedly higher in the VEGF165‑transfected group, as compared with those of the control group. Introduction of the transplanted cells into the ischemic region of group C occurred more efficiently, as compared with groups A and B. The recanalization capillary density in group C was significantly higher, as compared with groups A and B. VEGF gene transfection was able to improve the quality of EPCs, and the response of rabbits with limb ischemia to transplantation with VEGF‑transfected EPCs was significantly better, as compared with transplantation with EPCs alone.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus