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Beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness: an examination of the sex differences in mental health literacy in a community sample.

Gibbons RJ, Thorsteinsson EB, Loi NM - PeerJ (2015)

Bottom Line: Results.Males exhibited poorer mental health literacy skills compared to females.Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Sciences, University of New England , NSW , Australia.

ABSTRACT
Objectives. The current study investigated mental health literacy in an Australian sample to examine sex differences in the identification of and attitudes towards various aspects of mental illness. Method. An online questionnaire was completed by 373 participants (M = 34.87 years). Participants were randomly assigned either a male or female version of a vignette depicting an individual exhibiting the symptoms of one of three types of mental illness (depression, anxiety, or psychosis) and asked to answer questions relating to aspects of mental health literacy. Results. Males exhibited poorer mental health literacy skills compared to females. Males were less likely to correctly identify the type of mental illness, more likely to rate symptoms as less serious, to perceive the individual as having greater personal control over such symptoms, and less likely to endorse the need for treatment for anxiety or psychosis. Conclusion. Generally, the sample was relatively proficient at correctly identifying mental illness but overall males displayed poorer mental health literacy skills than females.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Image of need for treatment expressed by male and female participants towards the three types of mental illness.
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fig-1: Image of need for treatment expressed by male and female participants towards the three types of mental illness.

Mentions: The interaction effect between mental illness and participant sex was significant for need for treatment, indicating that the effect that participant sex has on the perceived need for treatment for mental illness is dependent on the type of mental illness, see Fig. 1. Analysis of simple effects was conducted using separate one-way between groups ANOVAs to determine the independent effects of participant sex and type of mental illness. For depression there was no significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 117) = 0.21, p = .65, partial η2 < .01. For anxiety there was a significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 122) = 11.80, p = .001, partial η2 = .09, with females (M = 4.89, SD = 1.17) perceiving a higher need for treatment than males (M = 4.09, SD = 1.14). For psychosis there was a significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 128) = 13.84, p < .001, partial η2 = .10, with females (M = 6.27, SD = 0.79) perceiving a higher need for treatment than males (M = 5.64, SD = 1.02).


Beliefs and attitudes towards mental illness: an examination of the sex differences in mental health literacy in a community sample.

Gibbons RJ, Thorsteinsson EB, Loi NM - PeerJ (2015)

Image of need for treatment expressed by male and female participants towards the three types of mental illness.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581769&req=5

fig-1: Image of need for treatment expressed by male and female participants towards the three types of mental illness.
Mentions: The interaction effect between mental illness and participant sex was significant for need for treatment, indicating that the effect that participant sex has on the perceived need for treatment for mental illness is dependent on the type of mental illness, see Fig. 1. Analysis of simple effects was conducted using separate one-way between groups ANOVAs to determine the independent effects of participant sex and type of mental illness. For depression there was no significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 117) = 0.21, p = .65, partial η2 < .01. For anxiety there was a significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 122) = 11.80, p = .001, partial η2 = .09, with females (M = 4.89, SD = 1.17) perceiving a higher need for treatment than males (M = 4.09, SD = 1.14). For psychosis there was a significant difference between participant sex, F(1, 128) = 13.84, p < .001, partial η2 = .10, with females (M = 6.27, SD = 0.79) perceiving a higher need for treatment than males (M = 5.64, SD = 1.02).

Bottom Line: Results.Males exhibited poorer mental health literacy skills compared to females.Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Sciences, University of New England , NSW , Australia.

ABSTRACT
Objectives. The current study investigated mental health literacy in an Australian sample to examine sex differences in the identification of and attitudes towards various aspects of mental illness. Method. An online questionnaire was completed by 373 participants (M = 34.87 years). Participants were randomly assigned either a male or female version of a vignette depicting an individual exhibiting the symptoms of one of three types of mental illness (depression, anxiety, or psychosis) and asked to answer questions relating to aspects of mental health literacy. Results. Males exhibited poorer mental health literacy skills compared to females. Males were less likely to correctly identify the type of mental illness, more likely to rate symptoms as less serious, to perceive the individual as having greater personal control over such symptoms, and less likely to endorse the need for treatment for anxiety or psychosis. Conclusion. Generally, the sample was relatively proficient at correctly identifying mental illness but overall males displayed poorer mental health literacy skills than females.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus