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Road traffic crashes, injury and fatality trends in Sri Lanka: 1938-2013.

Dharmaratne SD, Jayatilleke AU, Jayatilleke AC - Bull. World Health Organ. (2015)

Bottom Line: In addition, insurance policies that did not require a police report to claim may have led to underreporting of crashes and allowed drivers to avoid prosecution.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka .

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse trends in road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities over 75 years in Sri Lanka.

Methods: Data on road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities between 1938 and 2013 were obtained from the Police Statistics Unit. Rates per 100,000 population were calculated and trends were analysed using joinpoint regression analysis.

Findings: Road traffic crashes and injuries rose substantially between 1938 and 2013: annual crashes increased from 61.2 to 183.6 per 100,000 people; injuries, from 35.1 to 98.6 per 100,000; and fatalities, from 3.0 to 10.8 per 100,000 people per year. Joinpoint analysis showed large fluctuations in crashes and injuries over time but the fatalities rose almost continuously. These fluctuations paralleled the country's political and economic development. In some years, better traffic law enforcement and improved public transportation may have been associated with reduced crashes and injuries, whereas rapid growth in vehicle numbers, especially two- and three-wheeled vehicles, may have contributed to increased crashes and injuries. In addition, insurance policies that did not require a police report to claim may have led to underreporting of crashes and allowed drivers to avoid prosecution.

Conclusion: Fluctuations over time in road traffic crashes and injuries in Sri Lanka are associated with changes in political, economic and traffic policy. There is potential for reducing road traffic crashes and injuries through better traffic law enforcement, restrictions on the importation of two- and three-wheeled vehicles and policies to improve road safety and prevent underreporting of crashes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Deaths and injuries due to road traffic crashes, Sri Lanka, 1977–2013
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Figure 7: Deaths and injuries due to road traffic crashes, Sri Lanka, 1977–2013

Mentions: Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 show the absolute number of road traffic crashes and vehicles, and the population size over the study period. All three variables increased during the 75 years but the most marked increases in road traffic crashes and in the number of vehicles were observed in the second half of the study period. Fig. 6 shows the number of registered vehicles between 2003 and 2012, by vehicle type. Categorized data were not available before 2003. Fig. 7 shows the number of deaths, serious injuries and minor injuries due to road traffic crashes per 100 000 population that were reported to the police between 1977 and 2013. There was a marked increase in the number of serious injuries over the period, from 6.0 to 32.0 per 100 000. Although deaths increased steadily, the number of minor injuries fluctuated considerably.


Road traffic crashes, injury and fatality trends in Sri Lanka: 1938-2013.

Dharmaratne SD, Jayatilleke AU, Jayatilleke AC - Bull. World Health Organ. (2015)

Deaths and injuries due to road traffic crashes, Sri Lanka, 1977–2013
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581645&req=5

Figure 7: Deaths and injuries due to road traffic crashes, Sri Lanka, 1977–2013
Mentions: Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 show the absolute number of road traffic crashes and vehicles, and the population size over the study period. All three variables increased during the 75 years but the most marked increases in road traffic crashes and in the number of vehicles were observed in the second half of the study period. Fig. 6 shows the number of registered vehicles between 2003 and 2012, by vehicle type. Categorized data were not available before 2003. Fig. 7 shows the number of deaths, serious injuries and minor injuries due to road traffic crashes per 100 000 population that were reported to the police between 1977 and 2013. There was a marked increase in the number of serious injuries over the period, from 6.0 to 32.0 per 100 000. Although deaths increased steadily, the number of minor injuries fluctuated considerably.

Bottom Line: In addition, insurance policies that did not require a police report to claim may have led to underreporting of crashes and allowed drivers to avoid prosecution.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka .

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse trends in road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities over 75 years in Sri Lanka.

Methods: Data on road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities between 1938 and 2013 were obtained from the Police Statistics Unit. Rates per 100,000 population were calculated and trends were analysed using joinpoint regression analysis.

Findings: Road traffic crashes and injuries rose substantially between 1938 and 2013: annual crashes increased from 61.2 to 183.6 per 100,000 people; injuries, from 35.1 to 98.6 per 100,000; and fatalities, from 3.0 to 10.8 per 100,000 people per year. Joinpoint analysis showed large fluctuations in crashes and injuries over time but the fatalities rose almost continuously. These fluctuations paralleled the country's political and economic development. In some years, better traffic law enforcement and improved public transportation may have been associated with reduced crashes and injuries, whereas rapid growth in vehicle numbers, especially two- and three-wheeled vehicles, may have contributed to increased crashes and injuries. In addition, insurance policies that did not require a police report to claim may have led to underreporting of crashes and allowed drivers to avoid prosecution.

Conclusion: Fluctuations over time in road traffic crashes and injuries in Sri Lanka are associated with changes in political, economic and traffic policy. There is potential for reducing road traffic crashes and injuries through better traffic law enforcement, restrictions on the importation of two- and three-wheeled vehicles and policies to improve road safety and prevent underreporting of crashes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus