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TDR Technique for Estimating the Intensity of Evapotranspiration of Turfgrasses.

Janik G, Wolski K, Daniel A, Albert M, Skierucha W, Wilczek A, Szyszkowski P, Walczak A - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Bottom Line: Those parameters are the temperature and the volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm.Evapotranspiration has the character of a modified logistic function with empirical parameters.It assumes the form ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) = A/(1 + B · e (-C · (θ (2.5 cm) · T (2.5 cm)), where: ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) is evapotranspiration [mm · h(-1)], θ (2.5 cm) is volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm [m(3) · m(-3)], T (2.5 cm) is soil temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm [°C], and A, B, and C are empirical coefficients calculated individually for each of the grass species [mm · h(1)], and [-], [(m(3) · m(-3) · °C)(-1)].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Environmental Protection and Development, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Plac Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The paper presents a method for precise estimation of evapotranspiration of selected turfgrass species. The evapotranspiration functions, whose domains are only two relatively easy to measure parameters, were developed separately for each of the grass species. Those parameters are the temperature and the volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm. Evapotranspiration has the character of a modified logistic function with empirical parameters. It assumes the form ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) = A/(1 + B · e (-C · (θ (2.5 cm) · T (2.5 cm)), where: ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) is evapotranspiration [mm · h(-1)], θ (2.5 cm) is volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm [m(3) · m(-3)], T (2.5 cm) is soil temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm [°C], and A, B, and C are empirical coefficients calculated individually for each of the grass species [mm · h(1)], and [-], [(m(3) · m(-3) · °C)(-1)]. The values of evapotranspiration calculated on the basis of the presented function can be used as input data for the design of systems for the automatic control of irrigation systems ensuring optimum moisture conditions in the active layer of lawn swards.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Dynamics of moisture in the period of 11–21.06.2013 for 4 grasses; θj is volumetric moisture in jth layer and T1 is temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig3: Dynamics of moisture in the period of 11–21.06.2013 for 4 grasses; θj is volumetric moisture in jth layer and T1 is temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm.

Mentions: Figure 3 presents the measured data for each of the grasses—the dynamics of volumetric moisture in 3 soil layers and the dynamics of temperature in the top layers. The initial values of soil moisture (on the first day of the experiment) fall within the range from 0.3 m3·m−3 to nearly 0.4 m3·m−3.


TDR Technique for Estimating the Intensity of Evapotranspiration of Turfgrasses.

Janik G, Wolski K, Daniel A, Albert M, Skierucha W, Wilczek A, Szyszkowski P, Walczak A - ScientificWorldJournal (2015)

Dynamics of moisture in the period of 11–21.06.2013 for 4 grasses; θj is volumetric moisture in jth layer and T1 is temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581558&req=5

fig3: Dynamics of moisture in the period of 11–21.06.2013 for 4 grasses; θj is volumetric moisture in jth layer and T1 is temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm.
Mentions: Figure 3 presents the measured data for each of the grasses—the dynamics of volumetric moisture in 3 soil layers and the dynamics of temperature in the top layers. The initial values of soil moisture (on the first day of the experiment) fall within the range from 0.3 m3·m−3 to nearly 0.4 m3·m−3.

Bottom Line: Those parameters are the temperature and the volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm.Evapotranspiration has the character of a modified logistic function with empirical parameters.It assumes the form ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) = A/(1 + B · e (-C · (θ (2.5 cm) · T (2.5 cm)), where: ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) is evapotranspiration [mm · h(-1)], θ (2.5 cm) is volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm [m(3) · m(-3)], T (2.5 cm) is soil temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm [°C], and A, B, and C are empirical coefficients calculated individually for each of the grass species [mm · h(1)], and [-], [(m(3) · m(-3) · °C)(-1)].

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Environmental Protection and Development, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Plac Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The paper presents a method for precise estimation of evapotranspiration of selected turfgrass species. The evapotranspiration functions, whose domains are only two relatively easy to measure parameters, were developed separately for each of the grass species. Those parameters are the temperature and the volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm. Evapotranspiration has the character of a modified logistic function with empirical parameters. It assumes the form ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) = A/(1 + B · e (-C · (θ (2.5 cm) · T (2.5 cm)), where: ETR(θ (2.5 cm), T (2.5 cm)) is evapotranspiration [mm · h(-1)], θ (2.5 cm) is volumetric moisture of soil at the depth of 2.5 cm [m(3) · m(-3)], T (2.5 cm) is soil temperature at the depth of 2.5 cm [°C], and A, B, and C are empirical coefficients calculated individually for each of the grass species [mm · h(1)], and [-], [(m(3) · m(-3) · °C)(-1)]. The values of evapotranspiration calculated on the basis of the presented function can be used as input data for the design of systems for the automatic control of irrigation systems ensuring optimum moisture conditions in the active layer of lawn swards.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus