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A survey on parasite management by equine veterinarians highlights the need for a regulation change.

Sallé G, Cabaret J - Vet Rec Open (2015)

Bottom Line: This was associated with the report of many off-label uses of anthelmintics and the frequent buying of drugs using the internet.Given the critical situation regarding anthelmintic resistance, it seems necessary for veterinarians to reclaim parasite management and prevention as a specific topic.Implementation of stricter regulations for use of anthelmintics, like the one applied in Denmark, may make parasitic management in equids more sustainable.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: INRA, UMR1282 Infectiologie et Santé Publique , Nouzilly , France ; Université François Rabelais de Tours, UMR1282 Infectiologie et Santé Publique , Tours , France.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In-depth knowledge of the use of anthelminthics in the field, especially by veterinarians, is required to design more sustainable parasite control strategies.

Materials and methods: An online survey was sent by e-mail to 940 equine veterinary practitioners to describe their equine practice, their awareness about parasites and the management strategies they apply.

Results: Gastrointestinal parasites were generally considered (68%) as an issue of moderate importance. Drug efficacy failure was a minor or moderate issue for 47% and 48% of responders, respectively. Parasite management mostly relied on the use of systematic calendar treatments across a wide variety of horse owners (ie, riding schools, studs or hobby horse owners). Almost half of the practitioners (42%) never performed Faecal Egg Count (FEC) before drenching. Horse owners or their employees in charge of equines were reported to be the only person managing drenching in 59% of the collected answers. This was associated with the report of many off-label uses of anthelmintics and the frequent buying of drugs using the internet.

Conclusions: Given the critical situation regarding anthelmintic resistance, it seems necessary for veterinarians to reclaim parasite management and prevention as a specific topic. Implementation of stricter regulations for use of anthelmintics, like the one applied in Denmark, may make parasitic management in equids more sustainable.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Drug use. This figure illustrates common usage of anthelmintic compounds according to responders (n=91 in total). Stack bar plots, corresponding to the count of responders who answered ‘yes’ (in green) or ‘no’ (in black), illustrate the way drenching decision is made (a), how the anthelmintic compound is chosen (b), what anthelmintic compound is used (a) or the situations where drenching is performed without performing prior faecal egg count (FEC; c). BZL, benzimidazole; FECRT, Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test; IVM, ivermectin; MOX, moxidectin; PYR, pyrantel; PZQ, praziquantel.
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VETRECO2014000104F2: Drug use. This figure illustrates common usage of anthelmintic compounds according to responders (n=91 in total). Stack bar plots, corresponding to the count of responders who answered ‘yes’ (in green) or ‘no’ (in black), illustrate the way drenching decision is made (a), how the anthelmintic compound is chosen (b), what anthelmintic compound is used (a) or the situations where drenching is performed without performing prior faecal egg count (FEC; c). BZL, benzimidazole; FECRT, Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test; IVM, ivermectin; MOX, moxidectin; PYR, pyrantel; PZQ, praziquantel.

Mentions: Veterinarians were generally the cornerstone of the drenching protocols that were usually decided after discussion with the owner (74 per cent of cases, Fig 2a). Drenching was mostly conditioned on a rotation between anthelmintic drug classes (79 per cent of responders) and only four veterinarians made their choice based on an efficacy test (Fig 2b).


A survey on parasite management by equine veterinarians highlights the need for a regulation change.

Sallé G, Cabaret J - Vet Rec Open (2015)

Drug use. This figure illustrates common usage of anthelmintic compounds according to responders (n=91 in total). Stack bar plots, corresponding to the count of responders who answered ‘yes’ (in green) or ‘no’ (in black), illustrate the way drenching decision is made (a), how the anthelmintic compound is chosen (b), what anthelmintic compound is used (a) or the situations where drenching is performed without performing prior faecal egg count (FEC; c). BZL, benzimidazole; FECRT, Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test; IVM, ivermectin; MOX, moxidectin; PYR, pyrantel; PZQ, praziquantel.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4581345&req=5

VETRECO2014000104F2: Drug use. This figure illustrates common usage of anthelmintic compounds according to responders (n=91 in total). Stack bar plots, corresponding to the count of responders who answered ‘yes’ (in green) or ‘no’ (in black), illustrate the way drenching decision is made (a), how the anthelmintic compound is chosen (b), what anthelmintic compound is used (a) or the situations where drenching is performed without performing prior faecal egg count (FEC; c). BZL, benzimidazole; FECRT, Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test; IVM, ivermectin; MOX, moxidectin; PYR, pyrantel; PZQ, praziquantel.
Mentions: Veterinarians were generally the cornerstone of the drenching protocols that were usually decided after discussion with the owner (74 per cent of cases, Fig 2a). Drenching was mostly conditioned on a rotation between anthelmintic drug classes (79 per cent of responders) and only four veterinarians made their choice based on an efficacy test (Fig 2b).

Bottom Line: This was associated with the report of many off-label uses of anthelmintics and the frequent buying of drugs using the internet.Given the critical situation regarding anthelmintic resistance, it seems necessary for veterinarians to reclaim parasite management and prevention as a specific topic.Implementation of stricter regulations for use of anthelmintics, like the one applied in Denmark, may make parasitic management in equids more sustainable.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: INRA, UMR1282 Infectiologie et Santé Publique , Nouzilly , France ; Université François Rabelais de Tours, UMR1282 Infectiologie et Santé Publique , Tours , France.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In-depth knowledge of the use of anthelminthics in the field, especially by veterinarians, is required to design more sustainable parasite control strategies.

Materials and methods: An online survey was sent by e-mail to 940 equine veterinary practitioners to describe their equine practice, their awareness about parasites and the management strategies they apply.

Results: Gastrointestinal parasites were generally considered (68%) as an issue of moderate importance. Drug efficacy failure was a minor or moderate issue for 47% and 48% of responders, respectively. Parasite management mostly relied on the use of systematic calendar treatments across a wide variety of horse owners (ie, riding schools, studs or hobby horse owners). Almost half of the practitioners (42%) never performed Faecal Egg Count (FEC) before drenching. Horse owners or their employees in charge of equines were reported to be the only person managing drenching in 59% of the collected answers. This was associated with the report of many off-label uses of anthelmintics and the frequent buying of drugs using the internet.

Conclusions: Given the critical situation regarding anthelmintic resistance, it seems necessary for veterinarians to reclaim parasite management and prevention as a specific topic. Implementation of stricter regulations for use of anthelmintics, like the one applied in Denmark, may make parasitic management in equids more sustainable.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus