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Insecticide Resistance in Areas Under Investigation by the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: A Challenge for Malaria Control and Elimination.

Quiñones ML, Norris DE, Conn JE, Moreno M, Burkot TR, Bugoro H, Keven JB, Cooper R, Yan G, Rosas A, Palomino M, Donnelly MJ, Mawejje HD, Eapen A, Montgomery J, Coulibaly MB, Beier JC, Kumar A - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Bottom Line: This communication illustrates the current status of insecticide resistance with a focus on the countries where activities are ongoing for 9 out of the 10 ICEMRs.New alternatives to the insecticides currently available are still to be fully developed for deployment.Integrated vector management principles need to be better understood and encouraged, and viable insecticide resistance management strategies need to be developed and implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia; Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York; Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany New York; Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California; James Cook University, Queensland Tropical Health Alliance, Queensland, Australia; National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands; Vector Borne Disease Unit, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea; Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Queensland, Australia; Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California; Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Instituto Nacional de Salud, Lima, Peru; Department of Vector Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda; National Institute of Malaria Research, Chennai, India; Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania; Malaria Research and Training Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Mali, Bamako, Mali; Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida; National Institute of Malaria Research, Goa, India.

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Latin American (LA) region, including countries in the LA and Amazonia International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: summary of insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors showing the proportion of mosquitos killed in susceptibility bioassay tests, by country and site.
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Figure 2: Latin American (LA) region, including countries in the LA and Amazonia International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: summary of insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors showing the proportion of mosquitos killed in susceptibility bioassay tests, by country and site.

Mentions: Anopheles darlingi, the main malaria vector in LA, and particularly responsible for malaria transmission in the Amazon region, is generally susceptible to all insecticides throughout its distribution. However, a population in western Colombia (Choco) exhibited DDT resistance in the 1990s,18 and to DDT and PY when resampled in 2005–2009 (permethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and deltamethrin).19 Despite this resistance to DDT and PY, this population showed susceptibility to OP (malathion and fenitrothion). Apart from this particular population, in the Amazon region of Perú-Brazil (Amazonian ICEMR), along the Pacific coast (LA ICEMR) and in other areas in LA,19,20 this species shows complete insecticide susceptibility (Figure 2Figure 2.


Insecticide Resistance in Areas Under Investigation by the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: A Challenge for Malaria Control and Elimination.

Quiñones ML, Norris DE, Conn JE, Moreno M, Burkot TR, Bugoro H, Keven JB, Cooper R, Yan G, Rosas A, Palomino M, Donnelly MJ, Mawejje HD, Eapen A, Montgomery J, Coulibaly MB, Beier JC, Kumar A - Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2015)

Latin American (LA) region, including countries in the LA and Amazonia International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: summary of insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors showing the proportion of mosquitos killed in susceptibility bioassay tests, by country and site.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4574276&req=5

Figure 2: Latin American (LA) region, including countries in the LA and Amazonia International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: summary of insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors showing the proportion of mosquitos killed in susceptibility bioassay tests, by country and site.
Mentions: Anopheles darlingi, the main malaria vector in LA, and particularly responsible for malaria transmission in the Amazon region, is generally susceptible to all insecticides throughout its distribution. However, a population in western Colombia (Choco) exhibited DDT resistance in the 1990s,18 and to DDT and PY when resampled in 2005–2009 (permethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and deltamethrin).19 Despite this resistance to DDT and PY, this population showed susceptibility to OP (malathion and fenitrothion). Apart from this particular population, in the Amazon region of Perú-Brazil (Amazonian ICEMR), along the Pacific coast (LA ICEMR) and in other areas in LA,19,20 this species shows complete insecticide susceptibility (Figure 2Figure 2.

Bottom Line: This communication illustrates the current status of insecticide resistance with a focus on the countries where activities are ongoing for 9 out of the 10 ICEMRs.New alternatives to the insecticides currently available are still to be fully developed for deployment.Integrated vector management principles need to be better understood and encouraged, and viable insecticide resistance management strategies need to be developed and implemented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia; Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York; Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany New York; Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California; James Cook University, Queensland Tropical Health Alliance, Queensland, Australia; National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands; Vector Borne Disease Unit, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea; Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Queensland, Australia; Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California; Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Instituto Nacional de Salud, Lima, Peru; Department of Vector Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration, Kampala, Uganda; National Institute of Malaria Research, Chennai, India; Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania; Malaria Research and Training Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Mali, Bamako, Mali; Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida; National Institute of Malaria Research, Goa, India.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus