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Cultural Difference in Conflict Management Strategies of Children and Its Development: Comparing 3- and 5-Year-Olds Across China, Japan, and Korea.

Maruyama H, Ujiie T, Takai J, Takahama Y, Sakagami H, Shibayama M, Fukumoto M, Ninomiya K, Hyang Ah P, Feng X, Takatsuji C, Hirose M, Kudo R, Shima Y, Nakayama R, Hamaie N, Zhang F, Moriizumi S - Early Educ Dev (2015)

Bottom Line: Results indicated that, first, for disagreement, 3-year-olds in the 3 countries equally preferred the dominating strategy.Second, the observed strategy preference of 3- to 5-year-old children in this study was more or less different from that of older schoolchildren, regardless of culture.Practice or Policy: These findings suggest the significance of the context, the complexity of the phenomenon of the development of cultural differences, and the significance of cohort sampling.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Student Counseling Room, Aichi Shukutoku University.

ABSTRACT

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the development of conflict management strategies, focusing on 3- and 5-year-olds, through a comparison of 3 neighboring Asian cultures, those of China (n = 114), Japan (n = 98), and Korea (n = 90). The dual concern model of conflict management was adopted to probe which strategy children would prefer to use in 2 hypothetical conflict situations. Results indicated that, first, for disagreement, 3-year-olds in the 3 countries equally preferred the dominating strategy. For competition for resources, 3-year-olds differed in their strategy preference across all cultures. Second, the observed strategy preference of 3- to 5-year-old children in this study was more or less different from that of older schoolchildren, regardless of culture. Practice or Policy: These findings suggest the significance of the context, the complexity of the phenomenon of the development of cultural differences, and the significance of cohort sampling.

No MeSH data available.


Conflict management strategies in China: Competition for resources (%). *p < .05. **p < .01.
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Figure 0004: Conflict management strategies in China: Competition for resources (%). *p < .05. **p < .01.

Mentions: In competition for resources with an intimate target, compromising was more frequent than dominating, integrating, and obliging among 3-year-olds (dominating: χ2 = 9.53, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 14.23, df = 1, p < .01; obliging: χ2 = 7.11, df = 1, p < .05). For 5-year-olds, compromising was more frequent than dominating and integrating (dominating: χ2 = 16.33, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 12.45, df = 1, p < .01), and obliging was more frequent than dominating and integrating (dominating; χ2 = 10.71, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 7.35, df = 1, p < .05; see Figure 4).FIGURE 4


Cultural Difference in Conflict Management Strategies of Children and Its Development: Comparing 3- and 5-Year-Olds Across China, Japan, and Korea.

Maruyama H, Ujiie T, Takai J, Takahama Y, Sakagami H, Shibayama M, Fukumoto M, Ninomiya K, Hyang Ah P, Feng X, Takatsuji C, Hirose M, Kudo R, Shima Y, Nakayama R, Hamaie N, Zhang F, Moriizumi S - Early Educ Dev (2015)

Conflict management strategies in China: Competition for resources (%). *p < .05. **p < .01.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4566905&req=5

Figure 0004: Conflict management strategies in China: Competition for resources (%). *p < .05. **p < .01.
Mentions: In competition for resources with an intimate target, compromising was more frequent than dominating, integrating, and obliging among 3-year-olds (dominating: χ2 = 9.53, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 14.23, df = 1, p < .01; obliging: χ2 = 7.11, df = 1, p < .05). For 5-year-olds, compromising was more frequent than dominating and integrating (dominating: χ2 = 16.33, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 12.45, df = 1, p < .01), and obliging was more frequent than dominating and integrating (dominating; χ2 = 10.71, df = 1, p < .01; integrating: χ2 = 7.35, df = 1, p < .05; see Figure 4).FIGURE 4

Bottom Line: Results indicated that, first, for disagreement, 3-year-olds in the 3 countries equally preferred the dominating strategy.Second, the observed strategy preference of 3- to 5-year-old children in this study was more or less different from that of older schoolchildren, regardless of culture.Practice or Policy: These findings suggest the significance of the context, the complexity of the phenomenon of the development of cultural differences, and the significance of cohort sampling.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Student Counseling Room, Aichi Shukutoku University.

ABSTRACT

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the development of conflict management strategies, focusing on 3- and 5-year-olds, through a comparison of 3 neighboring Asian cultures, those of China (n = 114), Japan (n = 98), and Korea (n = 90). The dual concern model of conflict management was adopted to probe which strategy children would prefer to use in 2 hypothetical conflict situations. Results indicated that, first, for disagreement, 3-year-olds in the 3 countries equally preferred the dominating strategy. For competition for resources, 3-year-olds differed in their strategy preference across all cultures. Second, the observed strategy preference of 3- to 5-year-old children in this study was more or less different from that of older schoolchildren, regardless of culture. Practice or Policy: These findings suggest the significance of the context, the complexity of the phenomenon of the development of cultural differences, and the significance of cohort sampling.

No MeSH data available.