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Nuclear Medicine in Thyroid Diseases in Pediatric and Adolescent Patients.

Volkan-Salancı B, Kıratlı PÖ - Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther (2015)

Bottom Line: Use of radioactivity in pediatric population is strictly controlled due to possible side effects such as secondary cancers; therefore, management of pediatric patients requires detailed literature knowledge.This article aims to overview current algorithms in the management of thyroid diseases and use of radionuclide therapy in pediatric and adolescent population.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara, Turkey Phone: +90 312 305 13 36 E-mail: pkiratli@hacettepe.edu.tr.

ABSTRACT
Both benign and malignant diseases of the thyroid are rare in the pediatric and adolescent population, except congenital hypothyroidism. Nuclear medicine plays a major role, both in the diagnosis and therapy of thyroid pathologies. Use of radioactivity in pediatric population is strictly controlled due to possible side effects such as secondary cancers; therefore, management of pediatric patients requires detailed literature knowledge. This article aims to overview current algorithms in the management of thyroid diseases and use of radionuclide therapy in pediatric and adolescent population.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Thyroid scintigraphy (A, B) and US (C, D) of a 13 year-old-boy with hypothyroidism. Thyroid scintigraphy revealed focal radioactivity due to an ectopic gland, in the midline in the upper neck. Tc-99m O4 activity was not observed in thyroid area. US confirmed the diagnosis and revealed the ectopic thyroid gland below the hyoid bone in the midline
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f1: Thyroid scintigraphy (A, B) and US (C, D) of a 13 year-old-boy with hypothyroidism. Thyroid scintigraphy revealed focal radioactivity due to an ectopic gland, in the midline in the upper neck. Tc-99m O4 activity was not observed in thyroid area. US confirmed the diagnosis and revealed the ectopic thyroid gland below the hyoid bone in the midline

Mentions: In thyroid dysgenesis, absence or the ectopic localization of thyroid gland can be shown on TS. Ectopic thyroid is frequently localized sublingually and usually lacks normal bilobar morphology. The second most common location is the midline around hyoid bone (Figure 1). TS is the preferred diagnostic modality in both indications and useful especially where the gland is located in retrosternal, intralaryngeal, or intratracheal locations.


Nuclear Medicine in Thyroid Diseases in Pediatric and Adolescent Patients.

Volkan-Salancı B, Kıratlı PÖ - Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther (2015)

Thyroid scintigraphy (A, B) and US (C, D) of a 13 year-old-boy with hypothyroidism. Thyroid scintigraphy revealed focal radioactivity due to an ectopic gland, in the midline in the upper neck. Tc-99m O4 activity was not observed in thyroid area. US confirmed the diagnosis and revealed the ectopic thyroid gland below the hyoid bone in the midline
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4563170&req=5

f1: Thyroid scintigraphy (A, B) and US (C, D) of a 13 year-old-boy with hypothyroidism. Thyroid scintigraphy revealed focal radioactivity due to an ectopic gland, in the midline in the upper neck. Tc-99m O4 activity was not observed in thyroid area. US confirmed the diagnosis and revealed the ectopic thyroid gland below the hyoid bone in the midline
Mentions: In thyroid dysgenesis, absence or the ectopic localization of thyroid gland can be shown on TS. Ectopic thyroid is frequently localized sublingually and usually lacks normal bilobar morphology. The second most common location is the midline around hyoid bone (Figure 1). TS is the preferred diagnostic modality in both indications and useful especially where the gland is located in retrosternal, intralaryngeal, or intratracheal locations.

Bottom Line: Use of radioactivity in pediatric population is strictly controlled due to possible side effects such as secondary cancers; therefore, management of pediatric patients requires detailed literature knowledge.This article aims to overview current algorithms in the management of thyroid diseases and use of radionuclide therapy in pediatric and adolescent population.Abstract available from the publisher.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara, Turkey Phone: +90 312 305 13 36 E-mail: pkiratli@hacettepe.edu.tr.

ABSTRACT
Both benign and malignant diseases of the thyroid are rare in the pediatric and adolescent population, except congenital hypothyroidism. Nuclear medicine plays a major role, both in the diagnosis and therapy of thyroid pathologies. Use of radioactivity in pediatric population is strictly controlled due to possible side effects such as secondary cancers; therefore, management of pediatric patients requires detailed literature knowledge. This article aims to overview current algorithms in the management of thyroid diseases and use of radionuclide therapy in pediatric and adolescent population.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus