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A general methodology for collecting and preserving xystodesmid and other large millipedes for biodiversity research.

Means JC, Francis EA, Lane AA, Marek PE - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Bottom Line: With an estimated 80% of species remaining undescribed (but see Brewer et al. 2012), millipede taxonomy offers the opportunity to discover new species and explore biodiversity.The lack of basic alpha taxonomic information regarding millipedes belies their significant ecological role and potential as premier models in ecological and evolutionary studies.The group possesses many fascinating biological properties (e.g., bioluminescence, mimicry, and complex chemical secretions) that have been the focus of several recent studies and are emerging avenues of future investigation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, United States of America.

ABSTRACT

Background: With an estimated 80% of species remaining undescribed (but see Brewer et al. 2012), millipede taxonomy offers the opportunity to discover new species and explore biodiversity. The lack of basic alpha taxonomic information regarding millipedes belies their significant ecological role and potential as premier models in ecological and evolutionary studies. The group possesses many fascinating biological properties (e.g., bioluminescence, mimicry, and complex chemical secretions) that have been the focus of several recent studies and are emerging avenues of future investigation.

New information: Here we summarize a methodology for large-bodied millipede collection, curation, and preservation for genetic analyses with the hope that sharing these techniques will stimulate interest in these charismatic detritivores.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Curatorial labels for alcohol specimens. A: Unique specimen code; B: Locality, date, collector label; C: Determination label; D: Habitat and collection code; E: Color and pattern label.
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Figure 1645592: Curatorial labels for alcohol specimens. A: Unique specimen code; B: Locality, date, collector label; C: Determination label; D: Habitat and collection code; E: Color and pattern label.

Mentions: Labels prepared on white chemical resistant paper (e.g., Resistall, Forbon, 100% rag content, Tyvek) should be included with each specimen. Each specimen should have five associated labels. (1) Specimen labels should indicate the unique specimen code assigned to each millipede during processing (Fig. 11A). (2) Collection labels include information regarding the country, state/province and county/township of the collection site. This is followed by a short description of location and reference point, GPS coordinates, and elevation. List the collectors, the date and time of the event, and the corresponding collection code. Dates should be designated by day and month in Roman numerals, followed by year (Fig. 11B). (3) Determination labels should include taxonomic identification to species and/or subspecies followed by the authority (Fig. 11C). (4) Follow with a brief summary of environment, ecology, and collection technique (Fig. 11D). (5) Finally, millipede color frequently fades in alcohol and therefore a label explaining the color and pattern of the specimen should be included (Fig. 11E). All labels should be typed using an easy to read sans-serif font, such as Arial, with the unique specimen code large enough for rapid identification (e.g. font size 14). Font size of the other labels will be determined by the amount of information, but font size 6 is typically appropriate.


A general methodology for collecting and preserving xystodesmid and other large millipedes for biodiversity research.

Means JC, Francis EA, Lane AA, Marek PE - Biodivers Data J (2015)

Curatorial labels for alcohol specimens. A: Unique specimen code; B: Locality, date, collector label; C: Determination label; D: Habitat and collection code; E: Color and pattern label.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4563156&req=5

Figure 1645592: Curatorial labels for alcohol specimens. A: Unique specimen code; B: Locality, date, collector label; C: Determination label; D: Habitat and collection code; E: Color and pattern label.
Mentions: Labels prepared on white chemical resistant paper (e.g., Resistall, Forbon, 100% rag content, Tyvek) should be included with each specimen. Each specimen should have five associated labels. (1) Specimen labels should indicate the unique specimen code assigned to each millipede during processing (Fig. 11A). (2) Collection labels include information regarding the country, state/province and county/township of the collection site. This is followed by a short description of location and reference point, GPS coordinates, and elevation. List the collectors, the date and time of the event, and the corresponding collection code. Dates should be designated by day and month in Roman numerals, followed by year (Fig. 11B). (3) Determination labels should include taxonomic identification to species and/or subspecies followed by the authority (Fig. 11C). (4) Follow with a brief summary of environment, ecology, and collection technique (Fig. 11D). (5) Finally, millipede color frequently fades in alcohol and therefore a label explaining the color and pattern of the specimen should be included (Fig. 11E). All labels should be typed using an easy to read sans-serif font, such as Arial, with the unique specimen code large enough for rapid identification (e.g. font size 14). Font size of the other labels will be determined by the amount of information, but font size 6 is typically appropriate.

Bottom Line: With an estimated 80% of species remaining undescribed (but see Brewer et al. 2012), millipede taxonomy offers the opportunity to discover new species and explore biodiversity.The lack of basic alpha taxonomic information regarding millipedes belies their significant ecological role and potential as premier models in ecological and evolutionary studies.The group possesses many fascinating biological properties (e.g., bioluminescence, mimicry, and complex chemical secretions) that have been the focus of several recent studies and are emerging avenues of future investigation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, United States of America.

ABSTRACT

Background: With an estimated 80% of species remaining undescribed (but see Brewer et al. 2012), millipede taxonomy offers the opportunity to discover new species and explore biodiversity. The lack of basic alpha taxonomic information regarding millipedes belies their significant ecological role and potential as premier models in ecological and evolutionary studies. The group possesses many fascinating biological properties (e.g., bioluminescence, mimicry, and complex chemical secretions) that have been the focus of several recent studies and are emerging avenues of future investigation.

New information: Here we summarize a methodology for large-bodied millipede collection, curation, and preservation for genetic analyses with the hope that sharing these techniques will stimulate interest in these charismatic detritivores.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus