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Evaluation of the Impact of Different Types of Health Education on the Adoption and Preservation of Prohealth Attitudes in Preventing Cancer in Juveniles Younger than 18 Years.

Adamowicz K, Zalewska M, Majkowicz M, Zaucha JM - J Cancer Educ (2015)

Bottom Line: The effects of education were assessed 1 month and 1 year after education.After education, both increased compared with the control group.The most effective method of education was a discussion and a lecture by means of teaching complex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Regional Oncology Centre in Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Pomorskie, Poland.

ABSTRACT
Reduction in the incidence of cancer can be achieved through appropriate health behaviors. We hypothesized that education would improve knowledge of cancer prevention, and this, in turn, will affect and individual's readiness to modify lifestyle. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cancer prevention education on adopting and preserving prohealth attitudes among high school students in Poland. Research participants were 307 high school students varying by gender, place of residence, parents' education, and type of school education. Participants were divided into five groups, of which four were educated using different methods according to classification methods based on the concept of multilateral learning. The fifth (control) group was not educated. The effects of education were assessed 1 month and 1 year after education. General knowledge about cancer and healthy lifestyle level before education was low. After education, both increased compared with the control group. There was a clear relationship between level of knowledge and readiness to adopt and healthy attitudes and behavior. The most effective method of education was a discussion and a lecture by means of teaching complex. Education significantly improved generally low knowledge about cancer and healthy lifestyle in high school students. This indicates the urgent need to implement such educational programs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Increased results obtained in the Health Behavior Inventory of youth in each group in relation to average results before education. The most effective method was the complex  method: line no 5
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig2: Increased results obtained in the Health Behavior Inventory of youth in each group in relation to average results before education. The most effective method was the complex  method: line no 5

Mentions: A year after education, the 24 Student’s t tests performed on raw data before and after education for pairs of responses in four ranges still showed an increase in knowledge levels in all the four analysed areas of the general HBI. Again, the healthiest lifestyle was found among female adolescents (p < 0.01), and no statistically significantly better lifestyle score was obtained by respondents attending the class with a biochemical profile (p = 0.076). The correlation between lifestyle score and knowledge of cancer remained statistically significant (p < 0.01). However, those with higher knowledge about cancer had a healthier lifestyle. The biggest benefit was found in the group educated using complex means (Fig. 2).Fig. 2


Evaluation of the Impact of Different Types of Health Education on the Adoption and Preservation of Prohealth Attitudes in Preventing Cancer in Juveniles Younger than 18 Years.

Adamowicz K, Zalewska M, Majkowicz M, Zaucha JM - J Cancer Educ (2015)

Increased results obtained in the Health Behavior Inventory of youth in each group in relation to average results before education. The most effective method was the complex  method: line no 5
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4562988&req=5

Fig2: Increased results obtained in the Health Behavior Inventory of youth in each group in relation to average results before education. The most effective method was the complex  method: line no 5
Mentions: A year after education, the 24 Student’s t tests performed on raw data before and after education for pairs of responses in four ranges still showed an increase in knowledge levels in all the four analysed areas of the general HBI. Again, the healthiest lifestyle was found among female adolescents (p < 0.01), and no statistically significantly better lifestyle score was obtained by respondents attending the class with a biochemical profile (p = 0.076). The correlation between lifestyle score and knowledge of cancer remained statistically significant (p < 0.01). However, those with higher knowledge about cancer had a healthier lifestyle. The biggest benefit was found in the group educated using complex means (Fig. 2).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: The effects of education were assessed 1 month and 1 year after education.After education, both increased compared with the control group.The most effective method of education was a discussion and a lecture by means of teaching complex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Regional Oncology Centre in Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Pomorskie, Poland.

ABSTRACT
Reduction in the incidence of cancer can be achieved through appropriate health behaviors. We hypothesized that education would improve knowledge of cancer prevention, and this, in turn, will affect and individual's readiness to modify lifestyle. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cancer prevention education on adopting and preserving prohealth attitudes among high school students in Poland. Research participants were 307 high school students varying by gender, place of residence, parents' education, and type of school education. Participants were divided into five groups, of which four were educated using different methods according to classification methods based on the concept of multilateral learning. The fifth (control) group was not educated. The effects of education were assessed 1 month and 1 year after education. General knowledge about cancer and healthy lifestyle level before education was low. After education, both increased compared with the control group. There was a clear relationship between level of knowledge and readiness to adopt and healthy attitudes and behavior. The most effective method of education was a discussion and a lecture by means of teaching complex. Education significantly improved generally low knowledge about cancer and healthy lifestyle in high school students. This indicates the urgent need to implement such educational programs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus