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Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a population-based study in Krasnoyarsk region, Russia.

Artyukhov IP, Arshukova IL, Dobretsova EA, Dugina TA, Shulmin AV, Demko IV - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2015)

Bottom Line: Official medical statistics data and the data collected from the Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases program 2011 among 15,000 inhabitants of the region aged 18 years and older were analyzed.Because of this, there is an increase in the index of potential years of life lost.This, in turn, may reduce the overall burden of the disease for the population of the region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Health Care Management, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Krasnoyarsk region is a territory with the widespread risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, and occupational exposure. An assessment of COPD prevalence based on medical diagnosis statistics underestimates the true COPD prevalence. This study aims to evaluate how medical examinations may increase the accuracy of estimates of COPD prevalence.

Methods: True COPD prevalence was estimated as a number of patients with the established disease diagnosis supplemented by the additional disease cases detected during medical examinations per 1,000 inhabitants of the region. Official medical statistics data and the data collected from the Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases program 2011 among 15,000 inhabitants of the region aged 18 years and older were analyzed.

Results: This study revealed the COPD cases without official medical diagnosis. The true prevalence of COPD is estimated to be two times higher than the prevalence estimates based on medical diagnosis statistics.

Conclusion: Undiagnosed and untreated cases of COPD result in severe COPD forms as well as addition of severe comorbidities. Because of this, there is an increase in the index of potential years of life lost. Conducting special medical examinations may increase the number of COPD cases detected at the early stages of the disease. This, in turn, may reduce the overall burden of the disease for the population of the region.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The distribution of the percentage ratio for patients with the established COPD diagnosis and the additional disease cases by the age group.Notes: (A) For men and (B) for women.
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f2-copd-10-1781: The distribution of the percentage ratio for patients with the established COPD diagnosis and the additional disease cases by the age group.Notes: (A) For men and (B) for women.

Mentions: In Figure 2, we show the percentage ratio of patients with an established COPD diagnosis and additional disease cases for each age group: Figure 2A, distribution for men and Figure 2B, distribution for women.


Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a population-based study in Krasnoyarsk region, Russia.

Artyukhov IP, Arshukova IL, Dobretsova EA, Dugina TA, Shulmin AV, Demko IV - Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (2015)

The distribution of the percentage ratio for patients with the established COPD diagnosis and the additional disease cases by the age group.Notes: (A) For men and (B) for women.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4562723&req=5

f2-copd-10-1781: The distribution of the percentage ratio for patients with the established COPD diagnosis and the additional disease cases by the age group.Notes: (A) For men and (B) for women.
Mentions: In Figure 2, we show the percentage ratio of patients with an established COPD diagnosis and additional disease cases for each age group: Figure 2A, distribution for men and Figure 2B, distribution for women.

Bottom Line: Official medical statistics data and the data collected from the Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases program 2011 among 15,000 inhabitants of the region aged 18 years and older were analyzed.Because of this, there is an increase in the index of potential years of life lost.This, in turn, may reduce the overall burden of the disease for the population of the region.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Health Care Management, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.

ABSTRACT

Background: Krasnoyarsk region is a territory with the widespread risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, and occupational exposure. An assessment of COPD prevalence based on medical diagnosis statistics underestimates the true COPD prevalence. This study aims to evaluate how medical examinations may increase the accuracy of estimates of COPD prevalence.

Methods: True COPD prevalence was estimated as a number of patients with the established disease diagnosis supplemented by the additional disease cases detected during medical examinations per 1,000 inhabitants of the region. Official medical statistics data and the data collected from the Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases program 2011 among 15,000 inhabitants of the region aged 18 years and older were analyzed.

Results: This study revealed the COPD cases without official medical diagnosis. The true prevalence of COPD is estimated to be two times higher than the prevalence estimates based on medical diagnosis statistics.

Conclusion: Undiagnosed and untreated cases of COPD result in severe COPD forms as well as addition of severe comorbidities. Because of this, there is an increase in the index of potential years of life lost. Conducting special medical examinations may increase the number of COPD cases detected at the early stages of the disease. This, in turn, may reduce the overall burden of the disease for the population of the region.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus