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"Put your Hands up in the Air"? The interpersonal effects of pride and shame expressions on opponents and teammates.

Furley P, Moll T, Memmert D - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Across a series of experiments using the point-light method, pride and shame expressions exerted strong effects upon observers' anticipated emotions, associated cognitions, and performance expectations.Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) in two pilot studies we demonstrated that the created pride and shame point-light stimuli were implicitly associated with status and performance related attributes.In conclusion, the present research highlights the potential interpersonal influence of the nonverbal expressions of pride and shame in soccer penalty shootouts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Cognitive and Team/Racket Sport Research, German Sport University Cologne Cologne, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present research was to investigate the interpersonal effects of pride and shame expressions amongst opponents and teammates in a soccer penalty scenario. Across a series of experiments using the point-light method, pride and shame expressions exerted strong effects upon observers' anticipated emotions, associated cognitions, and performance expectations. Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) in two pilot studies we demonstrated that the created pride and shame point-light stimuli were implicitly associated with status and performance related attributes. In Experiment 1, observing pride expressions caused opponents to anticipate more negative emotions, cognitions, and lower performance expectancies toward their next performance in comparison with neutral expressions. In contrast, pride expressions led teammates to anticipate more positive emotions (i.e., pride and happiness), cognitions, and performance expectations toward their next performance than neutral expressions (Experiments 2-4). The results are discussed within the emotions as social information (EASI, Van Kleef, 2009) framework by arguing that the social context has to be taken into account when investigating the interpersonal effects of emotion expressions. In conclusion, the present research highlights the potential interpersonal influence of the nonverbal expressions of pride and shame in soccer penalty shootouts.

No MeSH data available.


Mean latency results and 95% confidence intervals for the congruent trials (proud player + good penalty taker; shameful player - bad penalty taker) vs. the incongruent trials (proud player + bad penalty taker; shameful player - good penalty taker) of penalty IAT (left panel) the status IAT (right panel). The difference between the group means, with its 95% confidence interval, is shown on a floating difference axis at the right in each panel.
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Figure 3: Mean latency results and 95% confidence intervals for the congruent trials (proud player + good penalty taker; shameful player - bad penalty taker) vs. the incongruent trials (proud player + bad penalty taker; shameful player - good penalty taker) of penalty IAT (left panel) the status IAT (right panel). The difference between the group means, with its 95% confidence interval, is shown on a floating difference axis at the right in each panel.

Mentions: Figure 3 (right panel) displays the mean latencies and the 95% confidence intervals between the congruent block of the IAT (i.e., proud images paired with high status attributes and shameful images paired with low status attributes) and the incongruent block for the status IAT (i.e., proud images paired with low status attributes and shameful images paired with high status attributes). Response time latencies differed substantially between congruent and incongruent trials (Mdifference = 844.67 ms [606.4, 1083.0], d = 1.96 [1.15, 2.75]) with participants responding almost a second faster on congruent trials compared to incongruent trials.


"Put your Hands up in the Air"? The interpersonal effects of pride and shame expressions on opponents and teammates.

Furley P, Moll T, Memmert D - Front Psychol (2015)

Mean latency results and 95% confidence intervals for the congruent trials (proud player + good penalty taker; shameful player - bad penalty taker) vs. the incongruent trials (proud player + bad penalty taker; shameful player - good penalty taker) of penalty IAT (left panel) the status IAT (right panel). The difference between the group means, with its 95% confidence interval, is shown on a floating difference axis at the right in each panel.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4562262&req=5

Figure 3: Mean latency results and 95% confidence intervals for the congruent trials (proud player + good penalty taker; shameful player - bad penalty taker) vs. the incongruent trials (proud player + bad penalty taker; shameful player - good penalty taker) of penalty IAT (left panel) the status IAT (right panel). The difference between the group means, with its 95% confidence interval, is shown on a floating difference axis at the right in each panel.
Mentions: Figure 3 (right panel) displays the mean latencies and the 95% confidence intervals between the congruent block of the IAT (i.e., proud images paired with high status attributes and shameful images paired with low status attributes) and the incongruent block for the status IAT (i.e., proud images paired with low status attributes and shameful images paired with high status attributes). Response time latencies differed substantially between congruent and incongruent trials (Mdifference = 844.67 ms [606.4, 1083.0], d = 1.96 [1.15, 2.75]) with participants responding almost a second faster on congruent trials compared to incongruent trials.

Bottom Line: Across a series of experiments using the point-light method, pride and shame expressions exerted strong effects upon observers' anticipated emotions, associated cognitions, and performance expectations.Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) in two pilot studies we demonstrated that the created pride and shame point-light stimuli were implicitly associated with status and performance related attributes.In conclusion, the present research highlights the potential interpersonal influence of the nonverbal expressions of pride and shame in soccer penalty shootouts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Cognitive and Team/Racket Sport Research, German Sport University Cologne Cologne, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present research was to investigate the interpersonal effects of pride and shame expressions amongst opponents and teammates in a soccer penalty scenario. Across a series of experiments using the point-light method, pride and shame expressions exerted strong effects upon observers' anticipated emotions, associated cognitions, and performance expectations. Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) in two pilot studies we demonstrated that the created pride and shame point-light stimuli were implicitly associated with status and performance related attributes. In Experiment 1, observing pride expressions caused opponents to anticipate more negative emotions, cognitions, and lower performance expectancies toward their next performance in comparison with neutral expressions. In contrast, pride expressions led teammates to anticipate more positive emotions (i.e., pride and happiness), cognitions, and performance expectations toward their next performance than neutral expressions (Experiments 2-4). The results are discussed within the emotions as social information (EASI, Van Kleef, 2009) framework by arguing that the social context has to be taken into account when investigating the interpersonal effects of emotion expressions. In conclusion, the present research highlights the potential interpersonal influence of the nonverbal expressions of pride and shame in soccer penalty shootouts.

No MeSH data available.