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Effect of Conventional and Game-based Teaching on Oral Health Status of Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Kumar Y, Asokan S, John B, Gopalan T - Int J Clin Pediatr Dent (2015)

Bottom Line: To compare the effectiveness of conventional and game-based teaching on the level of knowledge and practice regarding oral hygiene among 7 to 10-year-old school children.There was significant increase in oral hygiene scores and decrease in debris scores compared to baseline in both groups at 1 week and 1 month.The connect the dots game that includes oral health guidelines including good dental hygiene and dietary habits can thus be an effective intervention aid for teaching the basic oral health concepts among school going children.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Postgraduate Student, Department of Pedodontics, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India.

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the effectiveness of conventional and game-based teaching on the level of knowledge and practice regarding oral hygiene among 7 to 10-year-old school children.

Materials and methods: A total of 60 children aged 8 to 10 years were randomly divided into two groups: groups A and B. The intervention was started after the pretest evaluation of their knowledge regarding oral health and estimation of Debris Index-simplified (DI-S). Children in group A were given oral health education through flash cards once daily for 7 days. Children in group B were educated through the play-way method, i.e. connect the dots game combined with flash cards. The evaluations, regarding oral hygiene and DI-S were recorded on the 8th day after intervention. A follow-up score was also recorded after 1 and 3 months. Statistical analysis was done using paired t-test and Chi-square test.

Results: There was significant increase in oral hygiene scores and decrease in debris scores compared to baseline in both groups at 1 week and 1 month. At 3 months interval, both groups showed a decrease in oral hygiene scores from baseline with group B showing highly significant reduction. The mean increase in knowledge score was also significantly better in group B (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The connect the dots game that includes oral health guidelines including good dental hygiene and dietary habits can thus be an effective intervention aid for teaching the basic oral health concepts among school going children. How to cite this article: Kumar Y, Asokan S, John B, Gopalan T. Effect of Conventional and Game-based Teaching on Oral Health Status of Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(2):123-126.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Bright smile anagram
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Figure 1: Bright smile anagram

Mentions: For the purpose of educating the children we developed an anagram and connect the dots game. The anagram used was ‘Bright Smile’ (Fig. 1), where each alphabet represented a specific oral hygiene instruction. Connect the dots game (Fig. 2) was developed in the form of tooth structure with 11 alphabets as in the anagram and oral hygiene instruction.


Effect of Conventional and Game-based Teaching on Oral Health Status of Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Kumar Y, Asokan S, John B, Gopalan T - Int J Clin Pediatr Dent (2015)

Bright smile anagram
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4562045&req=5

Figure 1: Bright smile anagram
Mentions: For the purpose of educating the children we developed an anagram and connect the dots game. The anagram used was ‘Bright Smile’ (Fig. 1), where each alphabet represented a specific oral hygiene instruction. Connect the dots game (Fig. 2) was developed in the form of tooth structure with 11 alphabets as in the anagram and oral hygiene instruction.

Bottom Line: To compare the effectiveness of conventional and game-based teaching on the level of knowledge and practice regarding oral hygiene among 7 to 10-year-old school children.There was significant increase in oral hygiene scores and decrease in debris scores compared to baseline in both groups at 1 week and 1 month.The connect the dots game that includes oral health guidelines including good dental hygiene and dietary habits can thus be an effective intervention aid for teaching the basic oral health concepts among school going children.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Postgraduate Student, Department of Pedodontics, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India.

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the effectiveness of conventional and game-based teaching on the level of knowledge and practice regarding oral hygiene among 7 to 10-year-old school children.

Materials and methods: A total of 60 children aged 8 to 10 years were randomly divided into two groups: groups A and B. The intervention was started after the pretest evaluation of their knowledge regarding oral health and estimation of Debris Index-simplified (DI-S). Children in group A were given oral health education through flash cards once daily for 7 days. Children in group B were educated through the play-way method, i.e. connect the dots game combined with flash cards. The evaluations, regarding oral hygiene and DI-S were recorded on the 8th day after intervention. A follow-up score was also recorded after 1 and 3 months. Statistical analysis was done using paired t-test and Chi-square test.

Results: There was significant increase in oral hygiene scores and decrease in debris scores compared to baseline in both groups at 1 week and 1 month. At 3 months interval, both groups showed a decrease in oral hygiene scores from baseline with group B showing highly significant reduction. The mean increase in knowledge score was also significantly better in group B (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The connect the dots game that includes oral health guidelines including good dental hygiene and dietary habits can thus be an effective intervention aid for teaching the basic oral health concepts among school going children. How to cite this article: Kumar Y, Asokan S, John B, Gopalan T. Effect of Conventional and Game-based Teaching on Oral Health Status of Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(2):123-126.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus