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Inner Synovial Membrane Footprint of the Anterior Elbow Capsule: An Arthroscopic Boundary.

Kamineni S, Bachoura A, Sasaki K, Reilly D, Harris KN, Sinai A, Deane A - Anat Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Results.The humeral footprint of the synovial membrane of the anterior elbow capsule is more complex and not as capacious as commonly understood from the current literature.Alternatively, stripping the synovial attachment from the anterior humerus does not constitute an anterior capsular release.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Elbow Shoulder Research Centre (ESRC), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, 740 South Limestone Street, K-412 Kentucky Clinic, Lexington, KY 40536-0284, USA.

ABSTRACT
Introduction. The purpose of this study is to describe the inner synovial membrane (SM) of the anterior elbow capsule, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Materials and Methods. Twenty-two cadaveric human elbows were dissected and the distal humerus and SM attachments were digitized using a digitizer. The transepicondylar line (TEL) was used as the primary descriptor of various landmarks. The distance between the medial epicondyle and medial SM edge, SM apex overlying the coronoid fossa, the central SM nadir, and the apex of the SM insertion overlying the radial fossa and distance from the lateral epicondyle to lateral SM edge along the TEL were measured and further analyzed. Gender and side-to-side statistical comparisons were calculated. Results. The mean age of the subjects was 80.4 years, with six male and five female cadavers. The SM had a distinctive double arched attachment overlying the radial and coronoid fossae. No gender-based or side-to-side quantitative differences were noted. In 18 out of 22 specimens (81.8%), an infolding extension of the SM was observed overlying the medial aspect of the trochlea. The SM did not coincide with the outer fibrous attachment in any specimen. Conclusion. The humeral footprint of the synovial membrane of the anterior elbow capsule is more complex and not as capacious as commonly understood from the current literature. The synovial membrane nadir between the two anterior fossae may help to explain and hence preempt technical difficulties, a reduction in working arthroscopic volume in inflammatory and posttraumatic pathologies. This knowledge should allow the surgeon to approach this aspect of the anterior elbow compartment space with the confidence that detachment of this synovial attachment, to create working space, does not equate to breaching the capsule. Alternatively, stripping the synovial attachment from the anterior humerus does not constitute an anterior capsular release.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Distal humerus with the anterior fibrous elbow capsule intact and the brachialis inserted on to the capsule; (b) the same specimen dissected down to the insertion of the synovial membrane; (c) digitization of the synovial membrane's insertion.
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fig1: (a) Distal humerus with the anterior fibrous elbow capsule intact and the brachialis inserted on to the capsule; (b) the same specimen dissected down to the insertion of the synovial membrane; (c) digitization of the synovial membrane's insertion.

Mentions: The elbow joint is bounded by a thin capsule, consistent of a broad outer fibrous capsule and an inner synovial lining [1] (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)). Often, both layers are referred to as the “joint capsule.” The articulating surfaces of the elbow, the ulnotrochlear, radiocapitellar, and radioulnar articulations are enclosed within the synovial membrane. The joint capsule plays an important role in both the normal and pathologic processes of the elbow. In the normal state, the elbow capsule imparts stability to the joint by acting as a static stabilizer [2] and provides an attachment site for the brachialis muscle, which acts as a dynamic stabilizer of the elbow [3]. The synovial membrane produces and constrains synovial fluid, vital for nourishing and lubricating the articular surfaces.


Inner Synovial Membrane Footprint of the Anterior Elbow Capsule: An Arthroscopic Boundary.

Kamineni S, Bachoura A, Sasaki K, Reilly D, Harris KN, Sinai A, Deane A - Anat Res Int (2015)

(a) Distal humerus with the anterior fibrous elbow capsule intact and the brachialis inserted on to the capsule; (b) the same specimen dissected down to the insertion of the synovial membrane; (c) digitization of the synovial membrane's insertion.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561978&req=5

fig1: (a) Distal humerus with the anterior fibrous elbow capsule intact and the brachialis inserted on to the capsule; (b) the same specimen dissected down to the insertion of the synovial membrane; (c) digitization of the synovial membrane's insertion.
Mentions: The elbow joint is bounded by a thin capsule, consistent of a broad outer fibrous capsule and an inner synovial lining [1] (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)). Often, both layers are referred to as the “joint capsule.” The articulating surfaces of the elbow, the ulnotrochlear, radiocapitellar, and radioulnar articulations are enclosed within the synovial membrane. The joint capsule plays an important role in both the normal and pathologic processes of the elbow. In the normal state, the elbow capsule imparts stability to the joint by acting as a static stabilizer [2] and provides an attachment site for the brachialis muscle, which acts as a dynamic stabilizer of the elbow [3]. The synovial membrane produces and constrains synovial fluid, vital for nourishing and lubricating the articular surfaces.

Bottom Line: Results.The humeral footprint of the synovial membrane of the anterior elbow capsule is more complex and not as capacious as commonly understood from the current literature.Alternatively, stripping the synovial attachment from the anterior humerus does not constitute an anterior capsular release.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Elbow Shoulder Research Centre (ESRC), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, 740 South Limestone Street, K-412 Kentucky Clinic, Lexington, KY 40536-0284, USA.

ABSTRACT
Introduction. The purpose of this study is to describe the inner synovial membrane (SM) of the anterior elbow capsule, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Materials and Methods. Twenty-two cadaveric human elbows were dissected and the distal humerus and SM attachments were digitized using a digitizer. The transepicondylar line (TEL) was used as the primary descriptor of various landmarks. The distance between the medial epicondyle and medial SM edge, SM apex overlying the coronoid fossa, the central SM nadir, and the apex of the SM insertion overlying the radial fossa and distance from the lateral epicondyle to lateral SM edge along the TEL were measured and further analyzed. Gender and side-to-side statistical comparisons were calculated. Results. The mean age of the subjects was 80.4 years, with six male and five female cadavers. The SM had a distinctive double arched attachment overlying the radial and coronoid fossae. No gender-based or side-to-side quantitative differences were noted. In 18 out of 22 specimens (81.8%), an infolding extension of the SM was observed overlying the medial aspect of the trochlea. The SM did not coincide with the outer fibrous attachment in any specimen. Conclusion. The humeral footprint of the synovial membrane of the anterior elbow capsule is more complex and not as capacious as commonly understood from the current literature. The synovial membrane nadir between the two anterior fossae may help to explain and hence preempt technical difficulties, a reduction in working arthroscopic volume in inflammatory and posttraumatic pathologies. This knowledge should allow the surgeon to approach this aspect of the anterior elbow compartment space with the confidence that detachment of this synovial attachment, to create working space, does not equate to breaching the capsule. Alternatively, stripping the synovial attachment from the anterior humerus does not constitute an anterior capsular release.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus