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A Universal Mental Health Promotion Programme for Young People in Italy.

Gigantesco A, Del Re D, Cascavilla I, Palumbo G, De Mei B, Cattaneo C, Giovannelli I, Bella A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of this programme.The results showed an improvement in self-efficacy in regulating negative affect, overall psychological well-being, and satisfaction with life.These results demonstrate that the programme produced significant positive effects on the mental health status of participating students.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Centre of Epidemiology, Surveillance, and Health Promotion, Italian National Institute of Health, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy.

ABSTRACT
In Italy, the Mental Health Unit of the National Institute of Public Health has developed a school-based mental health programme based on a structured handbook. The aim of this programme is to promote self-efficacy, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of this programme. We used data from 308 students who participated in a study in 9 Italian high schools during the 2011-2012 school year. In order to analyse the school intervention programme, we set up a pre-post test design study involving 18 classrooms (8 of which acting as a control). The schools were selected via a snowball technique, and then the classrooms that agreed to participate were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The programme was performed during regular school hours in one-hour a week sessions for a total of 20 hours of classroom time. Assessments before and 2 months after the programme were performed using Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction With Life, and Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales. The results showed an improvement in self-efficacy in regulating negative affect, overall psychological well-being, and satisfaction with life. These results demonstrate that the programme produced significant positive effects on the mental health status of participating students.

No MeSH data available.


Box 1: Units of the student manual for mental-health promotion.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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figbox1: Box 1: Units of the student manual for mental-health promotion.

Mentions: The programme was designed to be implemented in high schools with the help of a student manual that mainly consists of exercises to be conducted in school and at home in order to encourage students to use the skills and information introduced in each unit of the manual. The main contents of the manual address skills are using structured six-step problem-solving, defining personal goals, adopting effective communication skills, using negotiation, coping with stress, coping with anger, and resolving conflict. The manual also teaches the students to recognize and modify negative key thoughts and feelings that precede, accompany, and follow unpleasant emotions. These include attributional styles, that is, how individuals explain to themselves the events of their life; for example, individuals with depression have a negative attributional style, in which they attribute the cause of bad events to themselves (personalization), perceive these events as being permanent (persistence), and engage in negative generalization following unsuccessful experiences (generalization). More details of the manual have been published elsewhere [25]. The manual, which is available on the Ministry of Health website (http://www.ccm-network.it/documenti_Ccm/prg_area5/2005-manuale-scuola-depressione.pdf), is about 200 pages long and contains 18 units (Box 1). Each chapter of the manual is the subject matter of one-work session held in school.


A Universal Mental Health Promotion Programme for Young People in Italy.

Gigantesco A, Del Re D, Cascavilla I, Palumbo G, De Mei B, Cattaneo C, Giovannelli I, Bella A - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Box 1: Units of the student manual for mental-health promotion.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561950&req=5

figbox1: Box 1: Units of the student manual for mental-health promotion.
Mentions: The programme was designed to be implemented in high schools with the help of a student manual that mainly consists of exercises to be conducted in school and at home in order to encourage students to use the skills and information introduced in each unit of the manual. The main contents of the manual address skills are using structured six-step problem-solving, defining personal goals, adopting effective communication skills, using negotiation, coping with stress, coping with anger, and resolving conflict. The manual also teaches the students to recognize and modify negative key thoughts and feelings that precede, accompany, and follow unpleasant emotions. These include attributional styles, that is, how individuals explain to themselves the events of their life; for example, individuals with depression have a negative attributional style, in which they attribute the cause of bad events to themselves (personalization), perceive these events as being permanent (persistence), and engage in negative generalization following unsuccessful experiences (generalization). More details of the manual have been published elsewhere [25]. The manual, which is available on the Ministry of Health website (http://www.ccm-network.it/documenti_Ccm/prg_area5/2005-manuale-scuola-depressione.pdf), is about 200 pages long and contains 18 units (Box 1). Each chapter of the manual is the subject matter of one-work session held in school.

Bottom Line: In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of this programme.The results showed an improvement in self-efficacy in regulating negative affect, overall psychological well-being, and satisfaction with life.These results demonstrate that the programme produced significant positive effects on the mental health status of participating students.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Centre of Epidemiology, Surveillance, and Health Promotion, Italian National Institute of Health, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy.

ABSTRACT
In Italy, the Mental Health Unit of the National Institute of Public Health has developed a school-based mental health programme based on a structured handbook. The aim of this programme is to promote self-efficacy, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of this programme. We used data from 308 students who participated in a study in 9 Italian high schools during the 2011-2012 school year. In order to analyse the school intervention programme, we set up a pre-post test design study involving 18 classrooms (8 of which acting as a control). The schools were selected via a snowball technique, and then the classrooms that agreed to participate were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The programme was performed during regular school hours in one-hour a week sessions for a total of 20 hours of classroom time. Assessments before and 2 months after the programme were performed using Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction With Life, and Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales. The results showed an improvement in self-efficacy in regulating negative affect, overall psychological well-being, and satisfaction with life. These results demonstrate that the programme produced significant positive effects on the mental health status of participating students.

No MeSH data available.