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Secular Changes of Adiposity and Motor Development in Czech Preschool Children: Lifestyle Changes in Fifty-Five Year Retrospective Study.

Sedlak P, Pařízková J, Daniš R, Dvořáková H, Vignerová J - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise.Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased.Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Secular trends of adiposity and motor development in preschool children since the fifties of the last century up to the beginning of this millennium were analyzed so as to reveal possible changes due to continuously differentiating lifestyle. In preschool children (n = 3678) height, weight, skinfold thickness over triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac were measured by Harpenden caliper in 1957, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 2012. Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise. Along the period of five decades the values of skinfold thickness increased significantly until 2012, mainly on the trunk. Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased. Modifications of the way of life during the mentioned five decades characterized by sedentarism and inadequate food intake as related to energy output influenced negatively both adiposity and motor performance already in preschool children. Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Changes of the performance in broad jump from the year of 1977 up to 2012 in preschool children in two age categories. The differences were significant in boys on the level of P < 0.05 in 5- and 6-year-olds; in girls, the differences were significant on the level of P < 0.05 only in 5-year-olds.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig5: Changes of the performance in broad jump from the year of 1977 up to 2012 in preschool children in two age categories. The differences were significant in boys on the level of P < 0.05 in 5- and 6-year-olds; in girls, the differences were significant on the level of P < 0.05 only in 5-year-olds.

Mentions: Development of motor skills in present preschool children is shown in Figures 5 and 6. Changes in body composition were found to be associated with the changes in motor development of preschool children. In both genders, tested aspects of motor development, explosive strength of lower extremities (standing broad jump) and manipulative skills of upper extremities (throwing the ball), were significantly worse most recently, as compared to the results assessed in their peers in 70 years of 20th century. Mostly significant drop was found especially in the sample of contemporary 6-year boys (P < 0.001).


Secular Changes of Adiposity and Motor Development in Czech Preschool Children: Lifestyle Changes in Fifty-Five Year Retrospective Study.

Sedlak P, Pařízková J, Daniš R, Dvořáková H, Vignerová J - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Changes of the performance in broad jump from the year of 1977 up to 2012 in preschool children in two age categories. The differences were significant in boys on the level of P < 0.05 in 5- and 6-year-olds; in girls, the differences were significant on the level of P < 0.05 only in 5-year-olds.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561935&req=5

fig5: Changes of the performance in broad jump from the year of 1977 up to 2012 in preschool children in two age categories. The differences were significant in boys on the level of P < 0.05 in 5- and 6-year-olds; in girls, the differences were significant on the level of P < 0.05 only in 5-year-olds.
Mentions: Development of motor skills in present preschool children is shown in Figures 5 and 6. Changes in body composition were found to be associated with the changes in motor development of preschool children. In both genders, tested aspects of motor development, explosive strength of lower extremities (standing broad jump) and manipulative skills of upper extremities (throwing the ball), were significantly worse most recently, as compared to the results assessed in their peers in 70 years of 20th century. Mostly significant drop was found especially in the sample of contemporary 6-year boys (P < 0.001).

Bottom Line: Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise.Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased.Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Secular trends of adiposity and motor development in preschool children since the fifties of the last century up to the beginning of this millennium were analyzed so as to reveal possible changes due to continuously differentiating lifestyle. In preschool children (n = 3678) height, weight, skinfold thickness over triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac were measured by Harpenden caliper in 1957, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 2012. Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise. Along the period of five decades the values of skinfold thickness increased significantly until 2012, mainly on the trunk. Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased. Modifications of the way of life during the mentioned five decades characterized by sedentarism and inadequate food intake as related to energy output influenced negatively both adiposity and motor performance already in preschool children. Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus