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Secular Changes of Adiposity and Motor Development in Czech Preschool Children: Lifestyle Changes in Fifty-Five Year Retrospective Study.

Sedlak P, Pařízková J, Daniš R, Dvořáková H, Vignerová J - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise.Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased.Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Secular trends of adiposity and motor development in preschool children since the fifties of the last century up to the beginning of this millennium were analyzed so as to reveal possible changes due to continuously differentiating lifestyle. In preschool children (n = 3678) height, weight, skinfold thickness over triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac were measured by Harpenden caliper in 1957, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 2012. Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise. Along the period of five decades the values of skinfold thickness increased significantly until 2012, mainly on the trunk. Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased. Modifications of the way of life during the mentioned five decades characterized by sedentarism and inadequate food intake as related to energy output influenced negatively both adiposity and motor performance already in preschool children. Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Changes of skinfold thickness (triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac) in 5-year girls from the studies of 1957 up to 2012.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561935&req=5

fig1: Changes of skinfold thickness (triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac) in 5-year girls from the studies of 1957 up to 2012.

Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, in 5-year-old girls there was an apparent increase of skinfold thickness over the period from 1977 to 2012. Skinfolds on the trunk, subscapular, and suprailiac increased most markedly.


Secular Changes of Adiposity and Motor Development in Czech Preschool Children: Lifestyle Changes in Fifty-Five Year Retrospective Study.

Sedlak P, Pařízková J, Daniš R, Dvořáková H, Vignerová J - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Changes of skinfold thickness (triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac) in 5-year girls from the studies of 1957 up to 2012.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561935&req=5

fig1: Changes of skinfold thickness (triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac) in 5-year girls from the studies of 1957 up to 2012.
Mentions: As shown in Figure 1, in 5-year-old girls there was an apparent increase of skinfold thickness over the period from 1977 to 2012. Skinfolds on the trunk, subscapular, and suprailiac increased most markedly.

Bottom Line: Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise.Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased.Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Secular trends of adiposity and motor development in preschool children since the fifties of the last century up to the beginning of this millennium were analyzed so as to reveal possible changes due to continuously differentiating lifestyle. In preschool children (n = 3678) height, weight, skinfold thickness over triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac were measured by Harpenden caliper in 1957, 1977, 1980, 1985, 1990, and 2012. Simultaneously, motor performance was tested by evaluating the achievements in broad jump and throwing a ball, as a marker of adaptation to changing level of physical activity, free games, and exercise. Along the period of five decades the values of skinfold thickness increased significantly until 2012, mainly on the trunk. Simultaneously, the level of motor performance significantly decreased. Modifications of the way of life during the mentioned five decades characterized by sedentarism and inadequate food intake as related to energy output influenced negatively both adiposity and motor performance already in preschool children. Mostly increased deposition of fat on the trunk which is considered as a marker of possible development of metabolic syndrome was apparent already in preschool age, indicating the importance of early intervention concerning also physical activity and availability for exercise since early life.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus