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Mental health literacy: a cross-cultural approach to knowledge and beliefs about depression, schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder.

Altweck L, Marshall TC, Ferenczi N, Lefringhausen K - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Previous research has found that Mental Health Literacy (MHL)-the knowledge and positive beliefs about mental disorders-tends to be higher in European and North American cultures, compared to Asian and African cultures.The results lend strong quantitative support to the MHL model.The MHL model also showed an overwhelming cultural difference; namely, lay help-seeking beliefs played a central role in the Indian sample, and a negligible role in the European American sample.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University London Uxbridge, UK.

ABSTRACT
Many families worldwide have at least one member with a behavioral or mental disorder, and yet the majority of the public fails to correctly recognize symptoms of mental illness. Previous research has found that Mental Health Literacy (MHL)-the knowledge and positive beliefs about mental disorders-tends to be higher in European and North American cultures, compared to Asian and African cultures. Nonetheless quantitative research examining the variables that explain this cultural difference remains limited. The purpose of our study was fourfold: (a) to validate measures of MHL cross-culturally, (b) to examine the MHL model quantitatively, (c) to investigate cultural differences in the MHL model, and (d) to examine collectivism as a predictor of MHL. We validated measures of MHL in European American and Indian samples. The results lend strong quantitative support to the MHL model. Recognition of symptoms of mental illness was a central variable: greater recognition predicted greater endorsement of social causes of mental illness and endorsement of professional help-seeking as well as lesser endorsement of lay help-seeking. The MHL model also showed an overwhelming cultural difference; namely, lay help-seeking beliefs played a central role in the Indian sample, and a negligible role in the European American sample. Further, collectivism was positively associated with causal beliefs of mental illness in the European American sample, and with lay help-seeking beliefs in the Indian sample. These findings demonstrate the importance of understanding cultural differences in beliefs about mental illness, particularly in relation to help-seeking beliefs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Final mental health literacy model: standardized beta values—European American (Indian). Significant loadings are bolded.
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Figure 8: Final mental health literacy model: standardized beta values—European American (Indian). Significant loadings are bolded.

Mentions: Next, the paths in the final model were examined. Hypothesis 2 was refuted, as collectivism did not significantly predict professional help-seeking beliefs in either cultural group (Figure 8). Hypothesis 3 was partially supported as collectivism significantly, positively predicted lay help-seeking beliefs in the Indian sample (Figure 8). This indicates that Indian participants who reported greater collectivism were also more likely to positively endorse lay help-seeking beliefs. The association was significantly moderated by culture as the association was non-significant in the European American sample, lending some insight into the research question—whether culture will moderate the MHL model.


Mental health literacy: a cross-cultural approach to knowledge and beliefs about depression, schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder.

Altweck L, Marshall TC, Ferenczi N, Lefringhausen K - Front Psychol (2015)

Final mental health literacy model: standardized beta values—European American (Indian). Significant loadings are bolded.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561812&req=5

Figure 8: Final mental health literacy model: standardized beta values—European American (Indian). Significant loadings are bolded.
Mentions: Next, the paths in the final model were examined. Hypothesis 2 was refuted, as collectivism did not significantly predict professional help-seeking beliefs in either cultural group (Figure 8). Hypothesis 3 was partially supported as collectivism significantly, positively predicted lay help-seeking beliefs in the Indian sample (Figure 8). This indicates that Indian participants who reported greater collectivism were also more likely to positively endorse lay help-seeking beliefs. The association was significantly moderated by culture as the association was non-significant in the European American sample, lending some insight into the research question—whether culture will moderate the MHL model.

Bottom Line: Previous research has found that Mental Health Literacy (MHL)-the knowledge and positive beliefs about mental disorders-tends to be higher in European and North American cultures, compared to Asian and African cultures.The results lend strong quantitative support to the MHL model.The MHL model also showed an overwhelming cultural difference; namely, lay help-seeking beliefs played a central role in the Indian sample, and a negligible role in the European American sample.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University London Uxbridge, UK.

ABSTRACT
Many families worldwide have at least one member with a behavioral or mental disorder, and yet the majority of the public fails to correctly recognize symptoms of mental illness. Previous research has found that Mental Health Literacy (MHL)-the knowledge and positive beliefs about mental disorders-tends to be higher in European and North American cultures, compared to Asian and African cultures. Nonetheless quantitative research examining the variables that explain this cultural difference remains limited. The purpose of our study was fourfold: (a) to validate measures of MHL cross-culturally, (b) to examine the MHL model quantitatively, (c) to investigate cultural differences in the MHL model, and (d) to examine collectivism as a predictor of MHL. We validated measures of MHL in European American and Indian samples. The results lend strong quantitative support to the MHL model. Recognition of symptoms of mental illness was a central variable: greater recognition predicted greater endorsement of social causes of mental illness and endorsement of professional help-seeking as well as lesser endorsement of lay help-seeking. The MHL model also showed an overwhelming cultural difference; namely, lay help-seeking beliefs played a central role in the Indian sample, and a negligible role in the European American sample. Further, collectivism was positively associated with causal beliefs of mental illness in the European American sample, and with lay help-seeking beliefs in the Indian sample. These findings demonstrate the importance of understanding cultural differences in beliefs about mental illness, particularly in relation to help-seeking beliefs.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus