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Validation of the food access survey tool to assess household food insecurity in rural Bangladesh.

Na M, Gross AL, West KP - BMC Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: All nine items were flagged with statistically significant DIF between key demographic-and socioeconomic subgroups (p < 0.001); however, none of the detected DIF was considered practically significant given small effect sizes (variance explained by group membership and interaction term < 1%).The total summed score over the polytomous FAST was inversely associated with household wealth, dietary diversity score and maternal body mass index, demonstrating external construct validity.Validation of this type of studies are recommended for similar Likert food insecurity scales.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Human Nutrition, 615 N. Wolfe St., W2041, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA. mna1@jhu.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Perception-based Likert scale are commonly used to assess household food insecurity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and external construct validity of the 9-item Food Access Survey Tool (FAST) in a population-based randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Participating women (n = 11,992) were asked to recall the frequencies of nine food insecurity experiences over the past 6 months on a 5-point Likert scale. The Rasch partial credit model was used to study the item category severity and differential item functioning (DIF) by literacy status, respondents' age, land ownership and household sizes. Principal component analysis (PCA), non-parametric methods, and cumulative ordinal logistic regression models were applied to examine the Rasch model assumptions, namely unidimensionality, monotonicity and measurement invariance (non-DIF).

Results: All items demonstrated good model fit with acceptable values of fit statistics (infit). PCA as well as other indices (Cronbach's alpha = 0.85, scalability coefficient = 0.48) indicated that all items fit in a single statistical dimension. The ordered responses of nine items displayed monotonic increasing item category severity as expected theoretically. All nine items were flagged with statistically significant DIF between key demographic-and socioeconomic subgroups (p < 0.001); however, none of the detected DIF was considered practically significant given small effect sizes (variance explained by group membership and interaction term < 1%). The total summed score over the polytomous FAST was inversely associated with household wealth, dietary diversity score and maternal body mass index, demonstrating external construct validity.

Conclusion: The polytomous FAST is internally and externally valid tool to measure household food insecurity in rural Bangladesh. Validation of this type of studies are recommended for similar Likert food insecurity scales.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Infit values of FAST polytomous items: R, Rarely; S, Sometimes; O, Often; M, Mostly
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Fig1: Infit values of FAST polytomous items: R, Rarely; S, Sometimes; O, Often; M, Mostly

Mentions: Infit values after fitting PCM model are plotted in Fig. 1. Among 36 item category parameters, all infit values of those parameters were within the acceptable range of 0.7-1.3, except for two of the infit values of item 8 “take food on credit” (Sometimes = 1.33 and Often = 1.37). If applying the 0.8-1.2 recommended range, there were four additional infit values that were out of range: item 1 reversed “no square meals” mostly = 1.21, item 5 “run out of food” rarely = 0.76, item 7 “purchase rice often” often = 1.29 and item 8 “take food on credit” mostly = 1.28. In general, infit values indicated acceptable fit of polytomous FAST data to PCM.Fig. 1


Validation of the food access survey tool to assess household food insecurity in rural Bangladesh.

Na M, Gross AL, West KP - BMC Public Health (2015)

Infit values of FAST polytomous items: R, Rarely; S, Sometimes; O, Often; M, Mostly
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4561472&req=5

Fig1: Infit values of FAST polytomous items: R, Rarely; S, Sometimes; O, Often; M, Mostly
Mentions: Infit values after fitting PCM model are plotted in Fig. 1. Among 36 item category parameters, all infit values of those parameters were within the acceptable range of 0.7-1.3, except for two of the infit values of item 8 “take food on credit” (Sometimes = 1.33 and Often = 1.37). If applying the 0.8-1.2 recommended range, there were four additional infit values that were out of range: item 1 reversed “no square meals” mostly = 1.21, item 5 “run out of food” rarely = 0.76, item 7 “purchase rice often” often = 1.29 and item 8 “take food on credit” mostly = 1.28. In general, infit values indicated acceptable fit of polytomous FAST data to PCM.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: All nine items were flagged with statistically significant DIF between key demographic-and socioeconomic subgroups (p < 0.001); however, none of the detected DIF was considered practically significant given small effect sizes (variance explained by group membership and interaction term < 1%).The total summed score over the polytomous FAST was inversely associated with household wealth, dietary diversity score and maternal body mass index, demonstrating external construct validity.Validation of this type of studies are recommended for similar Likert food insecurity scales.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Human Nutrition, 615 N. Wolfe St., W2041, 21205, Baltimore, MD, USA. mna1@jhu.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Perception-based Likert scale are commonly used to assess household food insecurity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and external construct validity of the 9-item Food Access Survey Tool (FAST) in a population-based randomized controlled trial.

Methods: Participating women (n = 11,992) were asked to recall the frequencies of nine food insecurity experiences over the past 6 months on a 5-point Likert scale. The Rasch partial credit model was used to study the item category severity and differential item functioning (DIF) by literacy status, respondents' age, land ownership and household sizes. Principal component analysis (PCA), non-parametric methods, and cumulative ordinal logistic regression models were applied to examine the Rasch model assumptions, namely unidimensionality, monotonicity and measurement invariance (non-DIF).

Results: All items demonstrated good model fit with acceptable values of fit statistics (infit). PCA as well as other indices (Cronbach's alpha = 0.85, scalability coefficient = 0.48) indicated that all items fit in a single statistical dimension. The ordered responses of nine items displayed monotonic increasing item category severity as expected theoretically. All nine items were flagged with statistically significant DIF between key demographic-and socioeconomic subgroups (p < 0.001); however, none of the detected DIF was considered practically significant given small effect sizes (variance explained by group membership and interaction term < 1%). The total summed score over the polytomous FAST was inversely associated with household wealth, dietary diversity score and maternal body mass index, demonstrating external construct validity.

Conclusion: The polytomous FAST is internally and externally valid tool to measure household food insecurity in rural Bangladesh. Validation of this type of studies are recommended for similar Likert food insecurity scales.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus