Limits...
On the Relationship between Economic Development, Environmental Integrity and Well-Being: The Point of View of Herdsmen in Northern China Grassland.

Dong X, Dai G, Ulgiati S, Na R, Zhang X, Kang M, Wang X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Furthermore, its grassland is a major ecological barrier for Northern China.The survey provided the following results: (1) The supporting and provisioning services of the grassland have recently declined, thus affecting the herdsmen's wellbeing.The intensity of grazing, coal exploitation and tourism development heavily limits the availability of ecosystem services, among which provisioning ones are perceived as the most important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China; College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China.

ABSTRACT
Inner Mongolia is among the most important regions in terms of contribution to the socio-economic development of China. Furthermore, its grassland is a major ecological barrier for Northern China. The present study evaluates the changes in ecosystem services availability and human wellbeing based on a survey on864 herdsmen of the grassland and 20 governmental officials. The survey provided the following results: (1) The supporting and provisioning services of the grassland have recently declined, thus affecting the herdsmen's wellbeing. The intensity of grazing, coal exploitation and tourism development heavily limits the availability of ecosystem services, among which provisioning ones are perceived as the most important. Below a certain threshold, grazing and mining are likely to promote the improvement of herdsmen's wellbeing, while trespassing that point, the enhancement of the herdsmen's living standards is curbed. (2) The herdsmen's cultural exchange, health conditions and social relations are better now than before; however, the threats on herdsmen's health and safety have increased. (3) A better income is among the most urgent herdsmen's needs. Livestock revenues did not increase at the same rate as the damage to the grassland and human risk exposure did. (4) The governmental ecological compensation policy did not entirely solve the problem of grassland desertification and environmental degradation, although it is also true that the degree of implementation and effectiveness of government policies is related to the still insufficient herdsmen's understanding and acceptance of these policies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Where do the herdsmen prefer to live?
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pone.0134786.g006: Where do the herdsmen prefer to live?

Mentions: When asked “where would you like to live?”, 52.5% of herdsmen responded that they like the grassland and prefer to live in rural areas than in the city.They believe that the air is fresher and there is less pollution.On the other hand, 16.8% of the herdsman want to move to Xilinhot,the capital of Xilinguole League, and 30.7% would move to either a neighbouring town or country or elsewhere, because they think that transportation is much more convenient, it is easy for their children to go to school, and they can benefit from more information and opportunities for personal development(Fig 6). However, since more and more grassland is occupied by coal factories, some herdsmen lose the freedom to graze and forage in the grassland.This change directly impacts the emotional wellbeing of herdsmen and gives rise to uncertainty about the future.


On the Relationship between Economic Development, Environmental Integrity and Well-Being: The Point of View of Herdsmen in Northern China Grassland.

Dong X, Dai G, Ulgiati S, Na R, Zhang X, Kang M, Wang X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Where do the herdsmen prefer to live?
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4557951&req=5

pone.0134786.g006: Where do the herdsmen prefer to live?
Mentions: When asked “where would you like to live?”, 52.5% of herdsmen responded that they like the grassland and prefer to live in rural areas than in the city.They believe that the air is fresher and there is less pollution.On the other hand, 16.8% of the herdsman want to move to Xilinhot,the capital of Xilinguole League, and 30.7% would move to either a neighbouring town or country or elsewhere, because they think that transportation is much more convenient, it is easy for their children to go to school, and they can benefit from more information and opportunities for personal development(Fig 6). However, since more and more grassland is occupied by coal factories, some herdsmen lose the freedom to graze and forage in the grassland.This change directly impacts the emotional wellbeing of herdsmen and gives rise to uncertainty about the future.

Bottom Line: Furthermore, its grassland is a major ecological barrier for Northern China.The survey provided the following results: (1) The supporting and provisioning services of the grassland have recently declined, thus affecting the herdsmen's wellbeing.The intensity of grazing, coal exploitation and tourism development heavily limits the availability of ecosystem services, among which provisioning ones are perceived as the most important.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China; College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China.

ABSTRACT
Inner Mongolia is among the most important regions in terms of contribution to the socio-economic development of China. Furthermore, its grassland is a major ecological barrier for Northern China. The present study evaluates the changes in ecosystem services availability and human wellbeing based on a survey on864 herdsmen of the grassland and 20 governmental officials. The survey provided the following results: (1) The supporting and provisioning services of the grassland have recently declined, thus affecting the herdsmen's wellbeing. The intensity of grazing, coal exploitation and tourism development heavily limits the availability of ecosystem services, among which provisioning ones are perceived as the most important. Below a certain threshold, grazing and mining are likely to promote the improvement of herdsmen's wellbeing, while trespassing that point, the enhancement of the herdsmen's living standards is curbed. (2) The herdsmen's cultural exchange, health conditions and social relations are better now than before; however, the threats on herdsmen's health and safety have increased. (3) A better income is among the most urgent herdsmen's needs. Livestock revenues did not increase at the same rate as the damage to the grassland and human risk exposure did. (4) The governmental ecological compensation policy did not entirely solve the problem of grassland desertification and environmental degradation, although it is also true that the degree of implementation and effectiveness of government policies is related to the still insufficient herdsmen's understanding and acceptance of these policies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus