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Project for the National Program of Early Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer Part I.

Bohîlțea RE, Ancăr V, Cirstoiu MM, Rădoi V, Bohîlțea LC, Furtunescu F - J Med Life (2015 Jul-Sep)

Bottom Line: Annually, approximately 800 new cases are registered in our country.Improving medical practice based on diagnostic algorithms addresses the four risk groups, by improving information system reporting and record keeping.ACOG = American Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ASCCP = American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, PATT = Partial Activated Thromboplastin Time, BRCA = Breast Cancer Gene, CT = Computerized Tomography, IFGO = International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, HLG = Hemoleucogram, HNPCC = Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch syndrome), IHC = Immunohistochemistry, BMI = Body Mass Index, INR = International Normalized Ratio, MSI = Microsatellites instability, MSI-H/ MSI-L = high (positive test)/ low (negative test) microsatellites instability, WHO = World Health Organization, PCR = Polymerase chain reaction, MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging, SGO = Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, SHG = Sonohysterography, SRU = Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, TQ = Time Quick, BT = Bleeding Time, TVUS = Transvaginal ultrasound, USPIO = Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Rationale: Endometrial cancer recorded a peak incidence in ages 60-64 years in Romania, reaching in 2013 the average value of 8.06/ 100,000 women, and 15.97/ 100,000 women within the highest risk age range, having in recent years an increasing trend, being higher in urban than in rural population. Annually, approximately 800 new cases are registered in our country. The estimated lifetime risk of a woman to develop endometrial cancer is of about 1,03%. Based on an abnormal uterine bleeding, 35% of the endometrial cancers are diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease, with significantly diminished lifetime expectancy.

Objective: Drafting a national program for the early diagnosis of endometrial cancer.

Methods and results: We proposed a standardization of the diagnostic steps and focused on 4 key elements for the early diagnosis of endometrial cancer: investigation of abnormal uterine bleeding occurring in pre/ post-menopausal women, investigating features/ anomalies of cervical cytology examination, diagnosis, treatment and proper monitoring of precursor endometrial lesions or cancer associated endometrial lesions and screening high risk populations (Lynch syndrome, Cowden syndrome).

Discussion: Improving medical practice based on diagnostic algorithms addresses the four risk groups, by improving information system reporting and record keeping. Improving addressability cases by increasing the health education of the population will increase the rate of diagnosis of endometrial cancer in the early stages of the disease.

Abbreviations: ACOG = American Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ASCCP = American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, PATT = Partial Activated Thromboplastin Time, BRCA = Breast Cancer Gene, CT = Computerized Tomography, IFGO = International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, HLG = Hemoleucogram, HNPCC = Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch syndrome), IHC = Immunohistochemistry, BMI = Body Mass Index, INR = International Normalized Ratio, MSI = Microsatellites instability, MSI-H/ MSI-L = high (positive test)/ low (negative test) microsatellites instability, WHO = World Health Organization, PCR = Polymerase chain reaction, MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging, SGO = Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, SHG = Sonohysterography, SRU = Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, TQ = Time Quick, BT = Bleeding Time, TVUS = Transvaginal ultrasound, USPIO = Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Diagnosis algorithm of abnormal uterine bleeding
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
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Figure 3: Diagnosis algorithm of abnormal uterine bleeding

Mentions: Standard: The etiologic diagnosis of the structural causes has as a base transvaginal Doppler ecography and saline solution instillation during sonohysterography and endometrial biopsy by endometrial suction/ biopsy by dilation and curettage/ targeted hysteroscopic endometrial biopsy +/- endometrial biopsy by post hysteroscopy uterine curettage (Fig. 3).


Project for the National Program of Early Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer Part I.

Bohîlțea RE, Ancăr V, Cirstoiu MM, Rădoi V, Bohîlțea LC, Furtunescu F - J Med Life (2015 Jul-Sep)

Diagnosis algorithm of abnormal uterine bleeding
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556910&req=5

Figure 3: Diagnosis algorithm of abnormal uterine bleeding
Mentions: Standard: The etiologic diagnosis of the structural causes has as a base transvaginal Doppler ecography and saline solution instillation during sonohysterography and endometrial biopsy by endometrial suction/ biopsy by dilation and curettage/ targeted hysteroscopic endometrial biopsy +/- endometrial biopsy by post hysteroscopy uterine curettage (Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: Annually, approximately 800 new cases are registered in our country.Improving medical practice based on diagnostic algorithms addresses the four risk groups, by improving information system reporting and record keeping.ACOG = American Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ASCCP = American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, PATT = Partial Activated Thromboplastin Time, BRCA = Breast Cancer Gene, CT = Computerized Tomography, IFGO = International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, HLG = Hemoleucogram, HNPCC = Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch syndrome), IHC = Immunohistochemistry, BMI = Body Mass Index, INR = International Normalized Ratio, MSI = Microsatellites instability, MSI-H/ MSI-L = high (positive test)/ low (negative test) microsatellites instability, WHO = World Health Organization, PCR = Polymerase chain reaction, MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging, SGO = Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, SHG = Sonohysterography, SRU = Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, TQ = Time Quick, BT = Bleeding Time, TVUS = Transvaginal ultrasound, USPIO = Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Rationale: Endometrial cancer recorded a peak incidence in ages 60-64 years in Romania, reaching in 2013 the average value of 8.06/ 100,000 women, and 15.97/ 100,000 women within the highest risk age range, having in recent years an increasing trend, being higher in urban than in rural population. Annually, approximately 800 new cases are registered in our country. The estimated lifetime risk of a woman to develop endometrial cancer is of about 1,03%. Based on an abnormal uterine bleeding, 35% of the endometrial cancers are diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease, with significantly diminished lifetime expectancy.

Objective: Drafting a national program for the early diagnosis of endometrial cancer.

Methods and results: We proposed a standardization of the diagnostic steps and focused on 4 key elements for the early diagnosis of endometrial cancer: investigation of abnormal uterine bleeding occurring in pre/ post-menopausal women, investigating features/ anomalies of cervical cytology examination, diagnosis, treatment and proper monitoring of precursor endometrial lesions or cancer associated endometrial lesions and screening high risk populations (Lynch syndrome, Cowden syndrome).

Discussion: Improving medical practice based on diagnostic algorithms addresses the four risk groups, by improving information system reporting and record keeping. Improving addressability cases by increasing the health education of the population will increase the rate of diagnosis of endometrial cancer in the early stages of the disease.

Abbreviations: ACOG = American Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ASCCP = American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, PATT = Partial Activated Thromboplastin Time, BRCA = Breast Cancer Gene, CT = Computerized Tomography, IFGO = International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, HLG = Hemoleucogram, HNPCC = Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch syndrome), IHC = Immunohistochemistry, BMI = Body Mass Index, INR = International Normalized Ratio, MSI = Microsatellites instability, MSI-H/ MSI-L = high (positive test)/ low (negative test) microsatellites instability, WHO = World Health Organization, PCR = Polymerase chain reaction, MRI = Magnetic Resonance Imaging, SGO = Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, SHG = Sonohysterography, SRU = Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, TQ = Time Quick, BT = Bleeding Time, TVUS = Transvaginal ultrasound, USPIO = Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus