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Actual data on epidemiological evolution and prevention endeavours regarding traumatic brain injury.

Popescu C, Anghelescu A, Daia C, Onose G - J Med Life (2015 Jul-Sep)

Bottom Line: The aim of this article is to find solutions to decrease the incidence of TBI and offer recommendations for their prevention.Most public epidemiological data showed that TBI is a major cause of mortality and disability.The effort to understand TBI and the available strategies to treat this lesion, in order to improve clinical outcomes after TBI, may be based on an increase in research on the epidemiology of TBI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Physical (neural-muscular) and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic Division, "Bagdasar-Arseni" Teaching Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania ; "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Knowledge of the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is required both to prevent this disorder and to develop effective care and rehabilitation approaches for patients.

Objective: The aim of this article is to find solutions to decrease the incidence of TBI and offer recommendations for their prevention.

Material and methods: We analyzed epidemiological studies on TBI by performing a systematic review of literature, using information reported by different centers, collecting data on demographics, showing characteristics of TBI including incidence, identification of risk groups on differences in age, gender, geographical variation, severity and mortality.

Results: Studies suggest that the incidence of TBI is between 18 and 250 per 100,000 persons per year. Men and people living in social and economical deprived areas, usually young adults and the elderly are high-risk groups for TBI.

Discussion: Prevention remains the "key point" in medicine and especially for TBI, saving the patient from unnecessary often-harsh sufferance.

Conclusions: Most public epidemiological data showed that TBI is a major cause of mortality and disability. The effort to understand TBI and the available strategies to treat this lesion, in order to improve clinical outcomes after TBI, may be based on an increase in research on the epidemiology of TBI. A coordinated strategy to evaluate this public health problem in Romania would first of all rely on a related advanced monitoring system, to provide precise information about the epidemiology, clinical and paraclinical data, but concerning the social and economic connected consequences, too.

Abbreviations: CNS = central nervous system, ED = emergency department, EU = European Union, FTE = Full Time Employees, GCS = Glasgow Coma Scale, TBI = traumatic brain injury, US = United States, WHO = World Health Organization.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The graphical representation of comparative incidence of TBI in age groups in US, France and Australia (synthesis based on data from [8])
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Figure 2: The graphical representation of comparative incidence of TBI in age groups in US, France and Australia (synthesis based on data from [8])

Mentions: Comparing the incidence of TBI in adolescents/ young adults (15-30 years) age group, among different geographical areas, it has been concluded that in the US it reached values between 154 to 415 per 100,000, in France it achieved 535 per 100.000, and in Australia it attained 240 per 100.000 persons. While the incidence among adults in US was 93 per 100.000 persons, in Australia it reached 35 per 100.000, whereas in France it reached 190 of 100.000. Regarding the incidence in geriatric population, in US it was about 173 of 100.000, in France was nearly 275 of 100.000 and in Australia, it was 100 of 100.000 and (Fig. 2) [8].


Actual data on epidemiological evolution and prevention endeavours regarding traumatic brain injury.

Popescu C, Anghelescu A, Daia C, Onose G - J Med Life (2015 Jul-Sep)

The graphical representation of comparative incidence of TBI in age groups in US, France and Australia (synthesis based on data from [8])
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556905&req=5

Figure 2: The graphical representation of comparative incidence of TBI in age groups in US, France and Australia (synthesis based on data from [8])
Mentions: Comparing the incidence of TBI in adolescents/ young adults (15-30 years) age group, among different geographical areas, it has been concluded that in the US it reached values between 154 to 415 per 100,000, in France it achieved 535 per 100.000, and in Australia it attained 240 per 100.000 persons. While the incidence among adults in US was 93 per 100.000 persons, in Australia it reached 35 per 100.000, whereas in France it reached 190 of 100.000. Regarding the incidence in geriatric population, in US it was about 173 of 100.000, in France was nearly 275 of 100.000 and in Australia, it was 100 of 100.000 and (Fig. 2) [8].

Bottom Line: The aim of this article is to find solutions to decrease the incidence of TBI and offer recommendations for their prevention.Most public epidemiological data showed that TBI is a major cause of mortality and disability.The effort to understand TBI and the available strategies to treat this lesion, in order to improve clinical outcomes after TBI, may be based on an increase in research on the epidemiology of TBI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Physical (neural-muscular) and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic Division, "Bagdasar-Arseni" Teaching Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania ; "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Knowledge of the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is required both to prevent this disorder and to develop effective care and rehabilitation approaches for patients.

Objective: The aim of this article is to find solutions to decrease the incidence of TBI and offer recommendations for their prevention.

Material and methods: We analyzed epidemiological studies on TBI by performing a systematic review of literature, using information reported by different centers, collecting data on demographics, showing characteristics of TBI including incidence, identification of risk groups on differences in age, gender, geographical variation, severity and mortality.

Results: Studies suggest that the incidence of TBI is between 18 and 250 per 100,000 persons per year. Men and people living in social and economical deprived areas, usually young adults and the elderly are high-risk groups for TBI.

Discussion: Prevention remains the "key point" in medicine and especially for TBI, saving the patient from unnecessary often-harsh sufferance.

Conclusions: Most public epidemiological data showed that TBI is a major cause of mortality and disability. The effort to understand TBI and the available strategies to treat this lesion, in order to improve clinical outcomes after TBI, may be based on an increase in research on the epidemiology of TBI. A coordinated strategy to evaluate this public health problem in Romania would first of all rely on a related advanced monitoring system, to provide precise information about the epidemiology, clinical and paraclinical data, but concerning the social and economic connected consequences, too.

Abbreviations: CNS = central nervous system, ED = emergency department, EU = European Union, FTE = Full Time Employees, GCS = Glasgow Coma Scale, TBI = traumatic brain injury, US = United States, WHO = World Health Organization.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus