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Understanding Fibroblasts in Order to Comprehend the Osteopathic Treatment of the Fascia.

Bordoni B, Zanier E - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

Bottom Line: This paper examines the current literature regarding the function and structure of the fascial system and its foundation, that is, the fibroblasts.They are a source of nociceptive and proprioceptive information as well, which is useful for proper functioning of the body system.Scientific research should make greater efforts to better understand their functioning and relationships.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS, Department of Cardiology, IRCCS S. Maria Nascente Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Via Capecelatro 66, Milano, Italy ; School CRESO, Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Falconara Marittima, Castellanza, Italy ; EdiAcademy, Viale Forlanini 65, Milano, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The osteopathic treatment of the fascia involves several techniques, each aimed at allowing the various layers of the connective system to slide over each other, improving the responses of the afferents in case of dysfunction. However, before becoming acquainted with a method, one must be aware of the structure and function of the tissue that needs treating, in order to not only better understand the manual approach, but also make a more conscious choice of the therapeutic technique to employ, in order to adjust the treatment to the specific needs of the patient. This paper examines the current literature regarding the function and structure of the fascial system and its foundation, that is, the fibroblasts. These connective cells have many properties, including the ability to contract and to communicate with one another. They play a key role in the transmission of the tension produced by the muscles and in the management of the interstitial fluids. They are a source of nociceptive and proprioceptive information as well, which is useful for proper functioning of the body system. Therefore, the fibroblasts are an invaluable instrument, essential to the understanding of the therapeutic effects of osteopathic treatment. Scientific research should make greater efforts to better understand their functioning and relationships.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The myofascial system. Anatomical interactions between fascia and muscle. Shape and arrangement of the muscles on the ventral surface (a), dorsal (b), and lateral (c) of the human body. Reproduced with permission Anastasi et al. AA VV, Anatomia dell'uomo, 4 ed, Edi.ermes, Milano [Human Anatomy].
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fig1: The myofascial system. Anatomical interactions between fascia and muscle. Shape and arrangement of the muscles on the ventral surface (a), dorsal (b), and lateral (c) of the human body. Reproduced with permission Anastasi et al. AA VV, Anatomia dell'uomo, 4 ed, Edi.ermes, Milano [Human Anatomy].

Mentions: The osteopathic treatment of the fascia involves several techniques, each aimed at allowing the various layers of the connective system to slide over each other, improving the responses of the afferents in case of dysfunction. Every body structure is wrapped in the connective tissue or fascia, creating a structural continuity that gives form and function to every tissue and organ [1–4]. The human body must be considered as a functional unit, where every area is in communication with another through the fascial continuum, consequently originating perfect tensegritive equilibrium [5]. Medical literature does not suggest a sole definition of fascia, because it varies in terms of thickness, function, composition, and direction depending on its location. The fascial tissue is equally distributed throughout the entire body, enveloping, interacting with and permeating blood vessels, nerves, viscera, meninges, bones, and muscles, creating various layers at different depths, and forming a tridimensional metabolic and mechanical matrix [6, 7]. The fascia becomes an organ that can affect an individual's health [8]. Awareness of its functions and of the areas it controls becomes significant within a more general perspective concerning the patient's wellness and health (Figure 1).


Understanding Fibroblasts in Order to Comprehend the Osteopathic Treatment of the Fascia.

Bordoni B, Zanier E - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2015)

The myofascial system. Anatomical interactions between fascia and muscle. Shape and arrangement of the muscles on the ventral surface (a), dorsal (b), and lateral (c) of the human body. Reproduced with permission Anastasi et al. AA VV, Anatomia dell'uomo, 4 ed, Edi.ermes, Milano [Human Anatomy].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556860&req=5

fig1: The myofascial system. Anatomical interactions between fascia and muscle. Shape and arrangement of the muscles on the ventral surface (a), dorsal (b), and lateral (c) of the human body. Reproduced with permission Anastasi et al. AA VV, Anatomia dell'uomo, 4 ed, Edi.ermes, Milano [Human Anatomy].
Mentions: The osteopathic treatment of the fascia involves several techniques, each aimed at allowing the various layers of the connective system to slide over each other, improving the responses of the afferents in case of dysfunction. Every body structure is wrapped in the connective tissue or fascia, creating a structural continuity that gives form and function to every tissue and organ [1–4]. The human body must be considered as a functional unit, where every area is in communication with another through the fascial continuum, consequently originating perfect tensegritive equilibrium [5]. Medical literature does not suggest a sole definition of fascia, because it varies in terms of thickness, function, composition, and direction depending on its location. The fascial tissue is equally distributed throughout the entire body, enveloping, interacting with and permeating blood vessels, nerves, viscera, meninges, bones, and muscles, creating various layers at different depths, and forming a tridimensional metabolic and mechanical matrix [6, 7]. The fascia becomes an organ that can affect an individual's health [8]. Awareness of its functions and of the areas it controls becomes significant within a more general perspective concerning the patient's wellness and health (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: This paper examines the current literature regarding the function and structure of the fascial system and its foundation, that is, the fibroblasts.They are a source of nociceptive and proprioceptive information as well, which is useful for proper functioning of the body system.Scientific research should make greater efforts to better understand their functioning and relationships.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Don Carlo Gnocchi IRCCS, Department of Cardiology, IRCCS S. Maria Nascente Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Via Capecelatro 66, Milano, Italy ; School CRESO, Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Falconara Marittima, Castellanza, Italy ; EdiAcademy, Viale Forlanini 65, Milano, Italy.

ABSTRACT
The osteopathic treatment of the fascia involves several techniques, each aimed at allowing the various layers of the connective system to slide over each other, improving the responses of the afferents in case of dysfunction. However, before becoming acquainted with a method, one must be aware of the structure and function of the tissue that needs treating, in order to not only better understand the manual approach, but also make a more conscious choice of the therapeutic technique to employ, in order to adjust the treatment to the specific needs of the patient. This paper examines the current literature regarding the function and structure of the fascial system and its foundation, that is, the fibroblasts. These connective cells have many properties, including the ability to contract and to communicate with one another. They play a key role in the transmission of the tension produced by the muscles and in the management of the interstitial fluids. They are a source of nociceptive and proprioceptive information as well, which is useful for proper functioning of the body system. Therefore, the fibroblasts are an invaluable instrument, essential to the understanding of the therapeutic effects of osteopathic treatment. Scientific research should make greater efforts to better understand their functioning and relationships.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus