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Nation related participation and performance trends in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' from 2006 to 2014.

Rüst CA, Bragazzi NL, Signori A, Stiefel M, Rosemann T, Knechtle B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Women were slower than men, but women reduced this gender gap year after year and above all in the year 2007 (p = 0.001).British men, however, improved running split times and transition times.Norwegian women improved race times across years but not Norwegian men.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the nation related participation and performance trends in triathletes competing in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' between 2006 and 2014 using mixed models, one-way analysis of variance and multi-variate regression analyses. A total of 1594 athletes (139 women and 1455 men) originating from 34 different countries finished the race. Most of the athletes originated from Norway, Germany, Great Britain, Sweden, USA and France. In the mixed model analysis considering all finishers (n = 1594), with calendar year, sex and country as independent and overall race time as dependent variable, calendar year (p < 0.0001), sex (p < 0.0001), country (p < 0.0001) and the interaction sex × calendar year (p = 0.012) were significant. In the model where overall race time was separated in the three disciplines, we found interactions such as country × discipline (p < 0.0001), year × discipline (p < 0.0001), sex × discipline (p < 0.0001), calendar year × sex (p = 0.044), calendar year × sex × discipline (p = 0.031). Overall race time decreased every year, above all in the year 2012. Women were slower than men, but women reduced this gender gap year after year and above all in the year 2007 (p = 0.001). Athletes from Norway and Germany were faster than those from Great Britain and other countries. Split times of the discipline decreased throughout the years. In particular, the discipline having more impact on overall race time was cycling. Most of the podiums were achieved by Norwegian women and men. For women, the fastest split and transition times were achieved by Norwegian women with exception of the run where German women were faster. Norwegian men were the fastest in split and transition times although French athletes were the fastest in swimming. Across years, the annual three fastest Norwegian women improved in cycling, running, overall race time and transition times but not Norwegian and German men. British men, however, improved running split times and transition times. To summarize, most of the finishers in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' originated from Norway and the fastest race times were achieved by Norwegian women and men. Norwegian women improved race times across years but not Norwegian men.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Performance of the annual three fastest men from Norway, Great Britain and Germany in swimming (a), cycling (b), running (c), overall race time (d) and transition times (e)
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Fig3: Performance of the annual three fastest men from Norway, Great Britain and Germany in swimming (a), cycling (b), running (c), overall race time (d) and transition times (e)

Mentions: Across years, the annual three fastest Norwegian women improved in cycling, running, overall race time and transition times (Fig. 2). In men (Fig. 3), no changes in split times, overall race times or transition times were found for the annual three fastest Norwegians and Germans. British men, however, improved running split times and transition times.Fig. 2


Nation related participation and performance trends in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' from 2006 to 2014.

Rüst CA, Bragazzi NL, Signori A, Stiefel M, Rosemann T, Knechtle B - Springerplus (2015)

Performance of the annual three fastest men from Norway, Great Britain and Germany in swimming (a), cycling (b), running (c), overall race time (d) and transition times (e)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556721&req=5

Fig3: Performance of the annual three fastest men from Norway, Great Britain and Germany in swimming (a), cycling (b), running (c), overall race time (d) and transition times (e)
Mentions: Across years, the annual three fastest Norwegian women improved in cycling, running, overall race time and transition times (Fig. 2). In men (Fig. 3), no changes in split times, overall race times or transition times were found for the annual three fastest Norwegians and Germans. British men, however, improved running split times and transition times.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Women were slower than men, but women reduced this gender gap year after year and above all in the year 2007 (p = 0.001).British men, however, improved running split times and transition times.Norwegian women improved race times across years but not Norwegian men.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT
We investigated the nation related participation and performance trends in triathletes competing in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' between 2006 and 2014 using mixed models, one-way analysis of variance and multi-variate regression analyses. A total of 1594 athletes (139 women and 1455 men) originating from 34 different countries finished the race. Most of the athletes originated from Norway, Germany, Great Britain, Sweden, USA and France. In the mixed model analysis considering all finishers (n = 1594), with calendar year, sex and country as independent and overall race time as dependent variable, calendar year (p < 0.0001), sex (p < 0.0001), country (p < 0.0001) and the interaction sex × calendar year (p = 0.012) were significant. In the model where overall race time was separated in the three disciplines, we found interactions such as country × discipline (p < 0.0001), year × discipline (p < 0.0001), sex × discipline (p < 0.0001), calendar year × sex (p = 0.044), calendar year × sex × discipline (p = 0.031). Overall race time decreased every year, above all in the year 2012. Women were slower than men, but women reduced this gender gap year after year and above all in the year 2007 (p = 0.001). Athletes from Norway and Germany were faster than those from Great Britain and other countries. Split times of the discipline decreased throughout the years. In particular, the discipline having more impact on overall race time was cycling. Most of the podiums were achieved by Norwegian women and men. For women, the fastest split and transition times were achieved by Norwegian women with exception of the run where German women were faster. Norwegian men were the fastest in split and transition times although French athletes were the fastest in swimming. Across years, the annual three fastest Norwegian women improved in cycling, running, overall race time and transition times but not Norwegian and German men. British men, however, improved running split times and transition times. To summarize, most of the finishers in 'Norseman Xtreme Triathlon' originated from Norway and the fastest race times were achieved by Norwegian women and men. Norwegian women improved race times across years but not Norwegian men.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus