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Exploring the intangible economic costs of stillbirth.

Ogwulu CB, Jackson LJ, Heazell AE, Roberts TE - BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (2015)

Bottom Line: The qualitative synthesis identified a range of psychological effects common to families that have experienced stillbirth.Both methods revealed the persistent nature of these effects and the subsequent economic burden.The psychological effects of stillbirth adversely impacts on the daily functioning, relationships and employment of those affected with far-reaching economic implications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Economics Unit, School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. cbo321@bham.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Compared to other pregnancy-related events, the full cost of stillbirth remains poorly described. In the UK one in every 200 births ends in stillbirth. As a follow-up to a recent study which explored the direct costs of stillbirth, this study aimed to explore the intangible costs of stillbirth in terms of their duration and economic implication.

Methods: Systematic searches identified relevant papers on the psychological consequences of stillbirth. A narrative review of the quantitative studies was undertaken. This was followed by a qualitative synthesis using meta-ethnography to identify over-arching themes common to the papers. Finally, the themes were used to generate questions proposed for use in a questionnaire to capture the intangible costs of stillbirth.

Results: The narrative review revealed a higher level of anxiety and depression in couples with stillbirth compared to those without stillbirth. The qualitative synthesis identified a range of psychological effects common to families that have experienced stillbirth. Both methods revealed the persistent nature of these effects and the subsequent economic burden.

Conclusions: The psychological effects of stillbirth adversely impacts on the daily functioning, relationships and employment of those affected with far-reaching economic implications. Knowledge of the intangible costs of stillbirth is therefore important to accurately estimate the size of the impact on families and health services and to inform policy and decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Themes and sub-themes identified in qualitative studies
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Fig2: Themes and sub-themes identified in qualitative studies

Mentions: Eight main themes were interpreted within these studies (Fig. 2): profound grief; depression; social isolation; relationship issues; siblings’ issues; difficulty returning to normality; need for support and life changing event. These will be discussed briefly.Fig. 2


Exploring the intangible economic costs of stillbirth.

Ogwulu CB, Jackson LJ, Heazell AE, Roberts TE - BMC Pregnancy Childbirth (2015)

Themes and sub-themes identified in qualitative studies
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556317&req=5

Fig2: Themes and sub-themes identified in qualitative studies
Mentions: Eight main themes were interpreted within these studies (Fig. 2): profound grief; depression; social isolation; relationship issues; siblings’ issues; difficulty returning to normality; need for support and life changing event. These will be discussed briefly.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: The qualitative synthesis identified a range of psychological effects common to families that have experienced stillbirth.Both methods revealed the persistent nature of these effects and the subsequent economic burden.The psychological effects of stillbirth adversely impacts on the daily functioning, relationships and employment of those affected with far-reaching economic implications.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Economics Unit, School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. cbo321@bham.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Compared to other pregnancy-related events, the full cost of stillbirth remains poorly described. In the UK one in every 200 births ends in stillbirth. As a follow-up to a recent study which explored the direct costs of stillbirth, this study aimed to explore the intangible costs of stillbirth in terms of their duration and economic implication.

Methods: Systematic searches identified relevant papers on the psychological consequences of stillbirth. A narrative review of the quantitative studies was undertaken. This was followed by a qualitative synthesis using meta-ethnography to identify over-arching themes common to the papers. Finally, the themes were used to generate questions proposed for use in a questionnaire to capture the intangible costs of stillbirth.

Results: The narrative review revealed a higher level of anxiety and depression in couples with stillbirth compared to those without stillbirth. The qualitative synthesis identified a range of psychological effects common to families that have experienced stillbirth. Both methods revealed the persistent nature of these effects and the subsequent economic burden.

Conclusions: The psychological effects of stillbirth adversely impacts on the daily functioning, relationships and employment of those affected with far-reaching economic implications. Knowledge of the intangible costs of stillbirth is therefore important to accurately estimate the size of the impact on families and health services and to inform policy and decision making.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus