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Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees' anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment-a randomised explorative pilot study.

Muller J, Handlin L, Harlén M, Lindmark U, Ekström A - BMC Complement Altern Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems.There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied.ACTRN12615000020583 , Date of registration: 15/01/2015.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, S-541 28, Skövde, Sweden. jasmin.muller@his.se.

ABSTRACT

Background: Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees' experience of levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability" when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.

Methods: Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the "Swedish Scale of Personality" (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).

Results: There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied ("Somatic Trait Anxiety", "Psychic Trait Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability") at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale "Somatic Trait Anxiety" (p=0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p=0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p=0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p=0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in "Stress Susceptibility" between week four and week eight (p=0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale "Detachment" (p=0.044).

Conclusions: There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility" and "Detachment" could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee's ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.

Australian new zealand clinical trials registry: ACTRN12615000020583 , Date of registration: 15/01/2015.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow figure of the 93 employees’ participants enrolled in the study, randomly assigned to one of the five study groups
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Fig1: Flow figure of the 93 employees’ participants enrolled in the study, randomly assigned to one of the five study groups

Mentions: The study lasted for a total of eight weeks. During these weeks the participants in groups i-iii took a break from their regular work and sat in the armchair for 15 minutes three times each week, preferably between 1 pm and 4 pm. The study design follows the Consort recommendations (Figure 1) and it is registered in Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry http://www.anzctr.org.au/; ACTRN12615000020583, Date of registration: 15/01/2015.Fig. 1


Mechanical massage and mental training programmes affect employees' anxiety, stress susceptibility and detachment-a randomised explorative pilot study.

Muller J, Handlin L, Harlén M, Lindmark U, Ekström A - BMC Complement Altern Med (2015)

Flow figure of the 93 employees’ participants enrolled in the study, randomly assigned to one of the five study groups
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4556221&req=5

Fig1: Flow figure of the 93 employees’ participants enrolled in the study, randomly assigned to one of the five study groups
Mentions: The study lasted for a total of eight weeks. During these weeks the participants in groups i-iii took a break from their regular work and sat in the armchair for 15 minutes three times each week, preferably between 1 pm and 4 pm. The study design follows the Consort recommendations (Figure 1) and it is registered in Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry http://www.anzctr.org.au/; ACTRN12615000020583, Date of registration: 15/01/2015.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems.There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied.ACTRN12615000020583 , Date of registration: 15/01/2015.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Education, University of Skövde, S-541 28, Skövde, Sweden. jasmin.muller@his.se.

ABSTRACT

Background: Working people's reduced ability to recover has been proposed as a key factor behind the increase in stress-related health problems. One not yet evidence-based preventive method designed to help employees keep healthy and be less stressed is an armchair with built-in mechanical massage and mental training programmes, This study aimed to evaluate possible effects on employees' experience of levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability" when using mechanical massage and mental training programmes, both separately and in combination, during working hours.

Methods: Employees from four different workplaces were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: i) Massage and mental training (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage while listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), ii) Massage (sitting in the armchair and receiving mechanical massage only, n=19), iii) Mental training (sitting in the armchair and listening to the mental training programmes only, n=19), iv) Pause (sitting in the armchair but not receiving mechanical massage or listening to the mental training programmes, n=19), v) Control (not sitting in the armchair at all, n=17). In order to discover how the employees felt about their own health they were asked to respond to statements from the "Swedish Scale of Personality" (SSP), immediately before the randomisation, after four weeks and after eight weeks (end-of-study).

Results: There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied ("Somatic Trait Anxiety", "Psychic Trait Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility", "Detachment" and "Social Desirability") at any of the occasions. However, the massage group showed a significant decrease in the subscale "Somatic Trait Anxiety" (p=0.032), during the entire study period. Significant decreases in the same subscale were also observed in the pause group between start and week eight (p=0.040) as well as between week four and week eight (p=0.049) and also in the control group between the second and third data collection (p=0.014). The massage and mental training group showed a significant decrease in "Stress Susceptibility" between week four and week eight (p=0.022). The pause group showed a significant increase in the subscale "Detachment" (p=0.044).

Conclusions: There were no significant differences between the five study groups for any of the traits studied. However, when looking at each individual group separately, positive effects in their levels of "Anxiety", "Stress Susceptibility" and "Detachment" could be seen. Although the results from this pilot study indicate some positive effects, mechanical chair massage and mental training programmes used in order to increase employee's ability to recover, needs to be evaluated further as tools to increase the employees ability to recover.

Australian new zealand clinical trials registry: ACTRN12615000020583 , Date of registration: 15/01/2015.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus